13 CFR § 107.750 - Conditions for financing a change of ownership of a Small Business.
You may finance a change of ownership of a Small Business only under the conditions set forth in this section.
(a) The Financing must:
(1) Promote the sound development or preserve the existence of the Small Business;
(2) Help create a Small Business as a result of a corporate divestiture; or
(3) Facilitate ownership in a Disadvantaged Business.
(b) The Resulting Concern (as defined in paragraph (c) of this section) must:
(2) Have 500 or fewer full-time equivalent employees; or meet one of the appropriate debt/equity ratio tests:
(i) If you have outstanding Leverage, the Resulting Concern's ratio of debt to equity must be no more than 5 to 1; or
(ii) If you have no outstanding Leverage, the Resulting Concern's ratio of debt to equity must be no more than 8 to 1.
(1) The “Resulting Concern” is determined by viewing the business as though the change of ownership had already occurred, giving effect to all contemplated financing, mergers, and acquisitions.
(2) For purposes of this section, “debt” means long-term debt, including contingent liabilities, but excluding accounts payable, operating leases, letters of credit, subordinated notes payable to the seller, any other liabilities approved for exclusion by SBA and short-term working capital loans (so long as the loans carry a zero balance for 30 consecutive days during the concern's fiscal year).
(3) For purposes of this section, “equity” means common and preferred stock (corporation), contributed capital (partnership), or membership interests (limited liability company).