14 CFR 31.65 - Position lights.

prev | next
§ 31.65 Position lights.

(a) If position lights are installed, there must be one steady aviation white position light and one flashing aviation red (or flashing aviation white) position light with an effective flash frequency of at least 40, but not more than 100, cycles per minute.

(b) Each light must provide 360° horizontal coverage at the intensities prescribed in this paragraph. The following light intensities must be determined with the light source operating at a steady state and with all light covers and color filters in place and at the manufacturer's rated mimimum voltage. For the flashing aviation red light, the measured values must be adjusted to correspond to a red filter temperature of at least 130 °F:

(1) The intensities in the horizontal plane passing through the light unit must equal or exceed the following values:

Position light Minimum intensity (candles)
Steady white 20
Flashing red or white 40

(2) The intensities in vertical planes must equal or exceed the following values. An intensity of one unit corresponds to the applicable horizontal plane intensity specified in paragraph (b)(1) of this section.

Angles above and below the horizontal in any vertical plane (degrees) Minimum intensity (units)
0 1.00
0 to 5 0.90
5 to 10 0.80
10 to 15 0.70
15 to 20 0.50
20 to 30 0.30
30 to 40 0.10
40 to 60 0.05

(c) The steady white light must be located not more than 20 feet below the basket, trapeze, or other means for carrying occupants. The flashing red or white light must be located not less than 7, nor more than 10, feet below the steady white light.

(d) There must be a means to retract and store the lights.

(e) Each position light color must have the applicable International Commission on Illumination chromaticity coordinates as follows:

(1)Aviation red -

y is not greater than 0.335; and z is not greater than 0.002.

(2)Aviation white -

x is not less than 0.300 and not greater than 0.540;
y is not less than x−0.040 or yo−0.010, whichever is the smaller; and
y is not greater than x 0.020 nor 0.636−0.0400 x;
Where yo is the y coordinate of the Planckian radiator for the value of x considered.
[Doc. No. 1437, 29 FR 8258, July 1, 1964, as amended by Amdt. 31-1, 29 FR 14563, Oct. 24, 1964; Amdt. 31-4, 45 FR 60179, Sept. 11, 1980]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.

United States Code

Title 14 published on 03-May-2017 03:58

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 14 CFR Part 31 after this date.

  • 2016-06-13; vol. 81 # 113 - Monday, June 13, 2016
    1. 81 FR 38067 - Special Conditions: Ultramagic, S.A., Mark-32 Burner Series
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, Federal Aviation Administration
      Final special conditions.
      These special conditions are effective June 13, 2016 and is applicable beginning May 25, 2016.
      14 CFR Part 31