15 CFR § 25.10 - Default upon failure to file an answer.
(a) If the respondent does not file an answer within the time prescribed in § 25.9(a), the reviewing official may refer the complaint to the ALJ along with the proof of service, as provided in § 25.8(b).
(c) The ALJ shall assume the facts alleged in the complaint to be true and, if such facts establish liability under § 25.3, the ALJ shall issue an initial decision imposing the maximum amount of penalties and assessments allowed under the statute.
(d) Except as otherwise provided in this section, by failing to file a timely answer, the respondent waives any right to further review of the penalties and assessments imposed under paragraph (c) of this section, and the initial decision shall become final binding upon the parties 30 days after it is issued.
(e) If, before such an initial decision becomes final, the respondent files motion with the ALJ seeking to reopen on the grounds that extraordinary circumstances prevented the respondent from filing an answer, the initial decision shall be stayed pending the ALJ's decision on the motion.
(f) If, on such motion, the respondent can demonstrate extraordinary circumstances excusing the failure to file a timely answer, the ALJ shall withdraw the initial decision in paragraph (c) of this section, if such a decision has been issued, and shall grant the respondent an opportunity to answer the complaint.
(h) The respondent may appeal to the authority head the decision denying a motion to reopen by filing a notice of appeal with the authority head within 15 days after the ALJ denies the motion. The timely filing of a notice of appeal shall stay the initial decision until the authority head decides the issue.
(k) If the authority head decides that extraordinary circumstances excused the respondent's failure to file a timely answer, the authority head shall remand the case of the ALJ with instructions to grant the respondent an opportunity to answer.
(l) If the authority head decides that the respondent's failure to file a timely answer is not excused, the authority head shall reinstate the initial decision of the ALJ, which shall become final and binding upon the parties 30 days after the authority head issues such decision.