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§ 522.1862 Pralidoxime powder for injection.
(a)Specifications. Each vial contains 1 gram (g) of pralidoxime chloride powder for mixing with 20 cubic centimeters of sterile water for injection. Each milliliter of constituted solution contains 50 milligrams (mg) pralidoxime chloride.
(b)Sponsor. See No. 054771 in § 510.600(c) of this chapter.
(c)Conditions of use -
(1)Amount. Administer as soon as possible after exposure to the poison. Before administration of the sterile pralidoxime chloride, atropine is administered intravenously at a dosage rate of 0.05 mg per pound of body weight, followed by administration of an additional 0.15 mg of atropine per pound of body weight administered intramuscularly. Then the appropriate dosage of sterile pralidoxime chloride is administered slowly intravenously. The dosage rate for sterile pralidoxime chloride when administered to horses is 2 g per horse. When administered to dogs and cats, it is 25 mg per pound of body weight. For small dogs and cats, sterile pralidoxime chloride may be administered either intraperitoneally or intramuscularly. A mild degree of atropinization should be maintained for at least 48 hours. Following severe poisoning, a second dose of sterile pralidoxime chloride may be given after 1 hour if muscle weakness has not been relieved.
(2)Indications for use. It is used in horses, dogs, and cats as an antidote in the treatment of poisoning due to those pesticides and chemicals of the organophosphate class which have anticholinesterase activity in horses, dogs, and cats.
(3)Limitations. Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.