21 CFR 7.40 - Recall policy.

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§ 7.40 Recall policy.
(a) Recall is an effective method of removing or correcting consumer products that are in violation of laws administered by the Food and Drug Administration. Recall is a voluntary action that takes place because manufacturers and distributors carry out their responsibility to protect the public health and well-being from products that present a risk of injury or gross deception or are otherwise defective. This section and §§ 7.41 through 7.59 recognize the voluntary nature of recall by providing guidance so that responsible firms may effectively discharge their recall responsibilities. These sections also recognize that recall is an alternative to a Food and Drug Administration-initiated court action for removing or correcting violative, distributed products by setting forth specific recall procedures for the Food and Drug Administration to monitor recalls and assess the adequacy of a firm's efforts in recall.
(b) Recall may be undertaken voluntarily and at any time by manufacturers and distributors, or at the request of the Food and Drug Administration. A request by the Food and Drug Administration that a firm recall a product is reserved for urgent situations and is to be directed to the firm that has primary responsibility for the manufacture and marketing of the product that is to be recalled.
(c) Recall is generally more appropriate and affords better protection for consumers than seizure, when many lots of product have been widely distributed. Seizure, multiple seizure, or other court action is indicated when a firm refuses to undertake a recall requested by the Food and Drug Administration, or where the agency has reason to believe that a recall would not be effective, determines that a recall is ineffective, or discovers that a violation is continuing.
[43 FR 26218, June 16, 1978, as amended at 65 FR 56476, Sept. 19, 2000]
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§ 7.40 Recall policy.

(a) Recall is an effective method of removing or correcting consumer products that are in violation of laws administered by the Food and Drug Administration. Recall is a voluntary action that takes place because manufacturers and distributors carry out their responsibility to protect the public health and well-being from products that present a risk of injury or gross deception or are otherwise defective. This section and §§ 7.41 through 7.59 recognize the voluntary nature of recall by providing guidance so that responsible firms may effectively discharge their recall responsibilities. These sections also recognize that recall is an alternative to a Food and Drug Administration-initiated court action for removing or correcting violative, distributed products by setting forth specific recall procedures for the Food and Drug Administration to monitor recalls and assess the adequacy of a firm's efforts in recall.

(b) Recall may be undertaken voluntarily and at any time by manufacturers and distributors, or at the request of the Food and Drug Administration. A request by the Food and Drug Administration that a firm recall a product is reserved for urgent situations and is to be directed to the firm that has primary responsibility for the manufacture and marketing of the product that is to be recalled.

(c) Recall is generally more appropriate and affords better protection for consumers than seizure, when many lots of product have been widely distributed. Seizure, multiple seizure, or other court action is indicated when a firm refuses to undertake a recall requested by the Food and Drug Administration, or where the agency has reason to believe that a recall would not be effective, determines that a recall is ineffective, or discovers that a violation is continuing.

[43 FR 26218, June 16, 1978, as amended at 65 FR 56476, Sept. 19, 2000]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 21 - FOOD AND DRUGS

§ 321 - Definitions; generally

§ 321a - “Butter” defined

§ 321b - “Package” defined

§ 321c - Nonfat dry milk; “milk” defined

§ 321d - Market names for catfish and ginseng

§ 331 - Prohibited acts

§ 332 - Injunction proceedings

§ 333 - Penalties

§ 333a - Repealed. Pub. L. 101–647, title XIX, § 1905, Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 4853

§ 334 - Seizure

§ 335 - Hearing before report of criminal violation

§ 335a - Debarment, temporary denial of approval, and suspension

§ 335b - Civil penalties

§ 335c - Authority to withdraw approval of abbreviated drug applications

§ 336 - Report of minor violations

§ 337 - Proceedings in name of United States; provision as to subpoenas

§ 341 - Definitions and standards for food

§ 342 - Adulterated food

§ 343 - Misbranded food

§ 343-1

§ 343-2

§ 343-3

§ 343a - Repealed. Pub. L. 106–554, § 1(a)(1) [title V, § 517], Dec. 21, 2000, 114 Stat. 2763, 2763A–73

§ 344 - Emergency permit control

§ 345 - Regulations making exemptions

§ 346 - Tolerances for poisonous or deleterious substances in food; regulations

§ 346a - Tolerances and exemptions for pesticide chemical residues

§ 346b - Authorization of appropriations

§ 347 - Intrastate sales of colored oleomargarine

§ 347a - Congressional declaration of policy regarding oleomargarine sales

§ 347b - Contravention of State laws

§ 348 - Food additives

§ 349 - Bottled drinking water standards; publication in Federal Register

§ 350 - Vitamins and minerals

§ 350a - Infant formulas

§ 350b - New dietary ingredients

§ 350c - Maintenance and inspection of records

§ 350d - Registration of food facilities

§ 350e - Sanitary transportation practices

§ 350f - Reportable food registry

§ 350g - Hazard analysis and risk-based preventive controls

§ 350h - Standards for produce safety

§ 350i - Protection against intentional adulteration

§ 350j - Targeting of inspection resources for domestic facilities, foreign facilities, and ports of entry; annual report

§ 350k - Laboratory accreditation for analyses of foods

§ 350l - Mandatory recall authority

§ 350l-1

§ 351 - Adulterated drugs and devices

§ 352 - Misbranded drugs and devices

§ 353 - Exemptions and consideration for certain drugs, devices, and biological products

§ 353a - Pharmacy compounding

§ 353b - Outsourcing facilities

§ 354 - Veterinary feed directive drugs

§ 355 - New drugs

§ 355-1

§ 355a - Pediatric studies of drugs

§ 355b - Adverse-event reporting

§ 355c - Research into pediatric uses for drugs and biological products

§ 355d - Internal committee for review of pediatric plans, assessments, deferrals, deferral extensions, and waivers

§ 355e - Pharmaceutical security

§ 356 - Expedited approval of drugs for serious or life-threatening diseases or conditions

§ 356-1

§ 356a - Manufacturing changes

§ 356b - Reports of postmarketing studies

§ 356c - Discontinuance or interruption in the production of life-saving drugs

§ 357 - Repealed. Pub. L. 105–115, title I, § 125(b)(1), Nov. 21, 1997, 111 Stat. 2325

§ 358 - Authority to designate official names

§ 359 - Nonapplicability of subchapter to cosmetics

§ 360 - Registration of producers of drugs or devices

§ 360a - Clinical trial guidance for antibiotic drugs

§ 360b - New animal drugs

§ 360c - Classification of devices intended for human use

§ 360d - Performance standards

§ 360e - Premarket approval

§ 360e-1

§ 360f - Banned devices

§ 360g - Judicial review

§ 360h - Notification and other remedies

§ 360i - Records and reports on devices

§ 360j - General provisions respecting control of devices intended for human use

§ 360k - State and local requirements respecting devices

§ 360l - Postmarket surveillance

§ 360m - Accredited persons

§ 360n - Priority review to encourage treatments for tropical diseases

§ 360aa - Recommendations for investigations of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360bb - Designation of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360cc - Protection for drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360dd - Open protocols for investigations of drugs for rare diseases or conditions

§ 360ee - Grants and contracts for development of drugs for rare diseases and conditions

§ 360hh - Definitions

§ 360ii - Program of control

§ 360jj - Studies by Secretary

§ 360kk - Performance standards for electronic products

§ 360ll - Notification of defects in and repair or replacement of electronic products

§ 360mm - Imports

§ 360nn - Inspection, records, and reports

§ 360oo - Prohibited acts

§ 360pp - Enforcement

§ 360qq - Repealed. Pub. L. 105–362, title VI, § 601(a)(2)(A), Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3285

§ 360rr - Federal-State cooperation

§ 360ss - State standards

§ 360aaa to 360aaa–6 - Omitted

§ 360bbb - Expanded access to unapproved therapies and diagnostics

§ 360bbb-1

§ 360bbb-2

§ 360bbb-3

§ 360bbb-4

§ 360bbb-5

§ 360bbb-6

§ 360ccc - Conditional approval of new animal drugs for minor use and minor species

§ 360ccc-1

§ 360ccc-2

§ 361 - Adulterated cosmetics

§ 362 - Misbranded cosmetics

§ 363 - Regulations making exemptions

§ 364 - Repealed. Pub. L. 86–618, title I, § 103(a)(3), July 12, 1960, 74 Stat. 398

§ 371 - Regulations and hearings

§ 372 - Examinations and investigations

§ 372a - Transferred

§ 373 - Records

§ 374 - Inspection

§ 374a - Inspections relating to food allergens

§ 375 - Publicity

§ 376 - Examination of sea food on request of packer; marking food with results; fees; penalties

§ 377 - Revision of United States Pharmacopoeia; development of analysis and mechanical and physical tests

§ 378 - Advertising of foods

§ 379 - Confidential information

§ 379a - Presumption of existence of jurisdiction

§ 379b - Consolidated administrative and laboratory facility

§ 379c - Transferred

§ 379d - Automation of Food and Drug Administration

§ 379d-1

§ 379d-2

§ 379e - Listing and certification of color additives for foods, drugs, devices, and cosmetics

§ 379f - Recovery and retention of fees for freedom of information requests

§ 379g - Definitions

§ 379h - Authority to assess and use drug fees

§ 379h-1

§ 379h-2

§ 379i - Definitions

§ 379j - Authority to assess and use device fees

§ 379j-1

§ 379j-11

§ 379j-12

§ 379j-13

§ 379j-21

§ 379j-22

§ 379j-31

§ 379k - Information system

§ 379l - Education

§ 379o - Environmental impact

§ 379r - National uniformity for nonprescription drugs

§ 379s - Preemption for labeling or packaging of cosmetics

§ 379v - Safety report disclaimers

§ 379aa - Serious adverse event reporting for nonprescription drugs

§ 379aa-1

§ 379dd - Establishment and functions of the Foundation

§ 379dd-1

§ 379dd-2

§ 381 - Imports and exports

§ 382 - Exports of certain unapproved products

§ 383 - Office of International Relations

§ 384 - Importation of prescription drugs

§ 384a - Foreign supplier verification program

§ 384b - Voluntary qualified importer program

§ 384c - Inspection of foreign food facilities

§ 384d - Accreditation of third-party auditors

§ 387 - Definitions

§ 387a - FDA authority over tobacco products

§ 387a-1

§ 387b - Adulterated tobacco products

§ 387c - Misbranded tobacco products

§ 387d - Submission of health information to the Secretary

§ 387e - Annual registration

§ 387f - General provisions respecting control of tobacco products

§ 387f-1

§ 387g - Tobacco product standards

§ 387h - Notification and other remedies

§ 387i - Records and reports on tobacco products

§ 387j - Application for review of certain tobacco products

§ 387k - Modified risk tobacco products

§ 387l - Judicial review

§ 387m - Equal treatment of retail outlets

§ 387n - Jurisdiction of and coordination with the Federal Trade Commission

§ 387o - Regulation requirement

§ 387p - Preservation of State and local authority

§ 387q - Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee

§ 387r - Drug products used to treat tobacco dependence

§ 387s - User fees

§ 387t - Labeling, recordkeeping, records inspection

§ 387u - Studies of progress and effectiveness

§ 391 - Separability clause

§ 392 - Exemption of meats and meat food products

§ 393 - Food and Drug Administration

U.S. Code: Title 42 - THE PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE