26 CFR 1.691(d)-1 - Amounts received by surviving annuitant under joint and survivor annuity contract.
(a)In general. Under section 691(d), annuity payments received by a surviving annuitant under a joint and survivor annuity contract (to the extent indicated in paragraph (b) of this section) are treated as income in respect of a decedent under section 691(a) for the purpose of allowing the deduction for estate tax provided for in section 691(c)(1)(A). This section applies only if the deceased annuitant died after December 31, 1953, and after the annuity starting date as defined in section 72(c)(4).
(b)Special value for surviving annuitant's payments. Section 691(d) provides a special value for the surviving annuitant's payments to determine the amount of the estate tax deduction provided for in section 691(c)(1)(A). This special value is determined by multiplying:
(1) The excess of the value of the annuity at the date of death of the deceased annuitant over the total amount excludable from the gross income of the surviving annuitant under section 72 during his life expectancy period (see paragraph (d)(1)(i) of this section)
(c)Amount of deduction. The portion of estate tax attributable to the survivor's annuity (see paragraph (a) of § 1.691(c)-1) is allowable as a deduction to the surviving annuitant over his life expectancy period. If the surviving annuitant continues to receive annuity payments beyond this period, there is no further deduction under section 691(d). If the surviving annuitant dies before expiration of such period, there is no compensating adjustment for the unused deduction.
(1) For purposes of section 691(d) and this section:
(i) The term life expectancy period means the period beginning with the first day of the first period for which an amount is received by the surviving annuitant under the contract and ending with the close of the taxable year with or in which falls the termination of the life expectancy of the surviving annuitant.
(ii) The life expectancy of the surviving annuitant shall be determined as of the date of death of the deceased annuitant, with reference to actuarial Table I set forth in § 1.72-9 (but without making any adjustment under paragraph (a)(2) of § 1.72-5).
(iii) The value of the annuity at the date of death of the deceased annuitant shall be the entire value of the survivor's annuity determined by reference to the principles set forth in section 2031 and the regulations thereunder, relating to the valuation of annuities for estate tax purposes.
(iv) The value of the annuity for estate tax purposes shall be that portion of the value determined under subdivision (iii) of this subparagraph which was includible in the deceased annuitant's gross estate.
(2) The determination of the “life expectancy period” of the survivor for purposes of section 691(d) may be illustrated by the following example:
(e)Examples. The application of section 691(d) and this section may be illustrated by the following examples:
|Amount of annuity payments per year (12 × $1,000)||$12,000|
|Life expectancy of H and W as of the annuity starting date (see section 72(c)(3)(A) and Table II of
|Expected return as of the annuity starting date, January 1, 1954 ($12,000 × 19.7 as determined under section 72(c)(3)(A) and paragraph (b) of
|Investment in the contract as of the annuity starting date, Jan. 1, 1954 (see section 72(c)(1) and paragraph (a) of
|Exclusion ratio (203,800/236,400 as determined under section 72(b) and
|Exclusion per year under section 72 ($12,000 × 86.2 percent)||$10,344|
|Excludable during W's life expectancy period ($10,344 × 15)||$155,160|
|Value of annuity at the date of H's death||$159,000|
|Total amount excludable from W's gross income under section 72 during W's life expectancy period (see subparagraph (2) of this example)||$155,160|
|Ratio which value of annuity for estate tax purposes bears to value of annuity at date of H's death (119,250/159,000) (percent)||75|
|Value for estate tax purposes (75 percent of $3,840)||$2,880|
|(1)(i) Value of income described in section 691(a)(1) included in computing gross estate||$4,380.00|
|(ii) Deductions in computing gross estate for claims representing deductions described in section 691(b)||380.00|
|(iii) Net value of items described in section 691(a) (1)||4,000.00|
|(2)(i) Estate tax||53,525.00|
|(ii) Less: estate tax computed without including $4,000 (item (1) (iii)) in gross estate and by reducing marital deduction by $2,880 (portion of item (1)(iii) allowed as a marital deduction)||53,189.00|
|(iii) Portion of estate tax attributable to net value of income items||336.00|
|(3)(i) Value in gross estate of income attributable to annuity payments||2,880.00|
|(ii) Value in gross estate of all income items described in section 691(a)(1) (item (1)(i))||4,380.00|
|(iii) Part of estate tax attributable to annuity income (2,880/4,380 of $336)||220.93|
|(iv) Deduction each year on account of estate tax attributable to annuity income ($220.93 ÷ 15 (life expectancy period))||14.73|