26 CFR 1.988-0 - Taxation of gain or loss from a section 988 transaction; Table of Contents.

§ 1.988-0 Taxation of gain or loss from a section 988 transaction; Table of Contents.

This section lists captioned paragraphs contained in §§ 1.988-1 through 1.988-6.

§ 1.988-1 Certain definitions and special rules.

(a) Section 988 transaction.

(1) In general.

(2) Description of transactions.

(3) [Reserved]

(4) Treatment of assets and liabilities of a section 987 aggregate partnership or DE that are not attributed to an eligible QBU.

(5) [Reserved]

(6) Examples.

(7) Special rules for regulated futures contracts and non-equity options.

(8) Special rules for qualified funds.

(9) Exception for certain transactions entered into by an individual.

(10) Intra-taxpayer transactions.

(11) Authority of Commissioner to include or exclude transactions from section 988.

(b) Spot contract.

(c) Nonfunctional currency.

(d) Spot rate.

(1) In general.

(2) Consistency required in valuing transactions subject to section 988.

(3) Use of certain spot rate conventions for payables and receivables denominated in nonfunctional currency.

(4) Currency where an official government established rate differs from a free market rate.

(e) Exchange gain or loss.

(f) Hyperinflationary currency.

(g) Fair market value.

(h) Interaction with sections 1092 and 1256 in examples.

(i) Effective date.

§ 1.988-2 Recognition and computation of exchange gain or loss.

(a) Disposition of nonfunctional currency.

(1) Recognition of exchange gain or loss.

(2) Computation of exchange gain or loss.

(b) Translation of interest income or expense and determination of exchange gain or loss with respect to debt instruments.

(1) Translation of interest income received with respect to a nonfunctional currency demand account.

(2) Translation of nonfunctional currency interest income or expense received or paid with respect to a debt instrument described in § 1.988-1(a)(1)(ii) and (2)(i).

(3) Exchange gain or loss recognized by the holder with respect to accrued interest income.

(4) Exchange gain or loss recognized by the obligor with respect to accrued interest expense.

(5) Exchange gain or loss recognized by the holder of a debt instrument with respect to principal.

(6) Exchange gain or loss recognized by the obligor of a debt instrument with respect to principal.

(7) Payment ordering rules.

(8) Limitation of exchange gain or loss on payment or disposition of a debt instrument.

(9) Examples.

(10) Treatment of bond premium.

(11) Market discount.

(12) Tax exempt bonds.

(13) Nonfunctional currency debt exchanged for stock of obligor.

(14) [Reserved]

(15) Debt instruments and deposits denominated in hyperinflationary currencies.

(16) [Reserved]

(17) Coordination with installment method under section 453.

(18) Interaction of section 988 and § 1.1275-2(g).

(c) Item of expense or gross income or receipts which is to be paid or received after the date accrued.

(1) In general.

(2) Determination of exchange gain or loss with respect to an item of gross income or receipts.

(3) Determination of exchange gain or loss with respect to an item of expense.

(4) Examples.

(d) Exchange gain or loss with respect to forward contracts, futures contracts and option contracts.

(1) Scope.

(2) Realization of exchange gain or loss.

(3) Recognition of exchange gain or loss.

(4) Determination of exchange gain or loss.

(5) Hyperinflationary contracts.

(e) Currency swaps and notional principal contracts.

(1) Notional principal contract denominated in a single nonfunctional currency.

(2) Special rules for currency swaps.

(3) Amortization of swap premium or discount in the case of off market swaps.

(4) Treatment of taxpayer disposing of a currency swap.

(5) Examples.

(6) Special effective date for rules regarding currency swaps.

(7) Special rules for currency swap contracts in hyperinflationary currencies.

(f) Substance over form.

(1) In general.

(2) Example.

(g) Effective date.

(h) Timing of income and deductions from notional principal contracts.

(i) [Reserved]

§ 1.988-3 Character of exchange gain or loss.

(a) In general.

(b) Election to characterize exchange gain or loss on certain identified forward contracts, futures contracts and option contracts as capital gain or loss.

(1) In general.

(2) Special rule for contracts that become part of a straddle after the election is made.

(3) Requirements for making the election.

(4) Verification.

(5) Independent verification.

(6) Effective date.

(c) Exchange gain or loss treated as interest.

(1) In general.

(2) Exchange loss realized by the holder on nonfunctional currency tax exempt bonds.

(d) Effective date.

§ 1.988-4 Source of gain or loss realized on a section 988 transaction.

(a) In general.

(b) Qualified business unit.

(1) In general.

(2) Proper reflection on the books of the taxpayer or qualified business unit.

(c) Effectively connected exchange gain or loss.

(d) Residence.

(1) In general.

(2) Exception.

(3) Partner in a partnership not engaged in a U.S. trade or business under section 864(b)(2).

(e) Special rule for certain related party loans.

(1) In general.

(2) United States person.

(3) Loans by related person.

(4) 10 percent owned foreign corporation.

(f) Exchange gain or loss treated as interest under § 1.988-3.

(g) Exchange gain or loss allocated in the same manner as interest under § 1.861-9T.

(h) Effective date.

§ 1.988-5 Section 988(d) hedging transactions.

(a) Integration of a nonfunctional currency debt instrument and a § 1.988-5(a) hedge.

(1) In general.

(2) Exception.

(3) Qualifying debt instrument.

(4) Section 1.988-5(a) hedge.

(5) Definition of integrated economic transaction.

(6) Special rules for legging in and legging out of integrated treatment.

(7) Transactions part of a straddle.

(8) Identification requirements.

(9) Taxation of qualified hedging transactions.

(10) Transition rules and effective dates.

(b) Hedged executory contracts.

(1) In general.

(2) Definitions.

(3) Identification rules.

(4) Effect of hedged executory contract.

(5) References to this paragraph (b).

(c) Hedges of period between trade date and settlement date on purchase or sale of publicly traded stock or security.

(d) [Reserved]

(e) Advance rulings regarding net hedging and anticipatory hedging systems.

(f) [Reserved]

(g) General effective date.

§ 1.988-6 Nonfunctional Currency Contingent Payment Debt Instruments

(a) In general.

(1) Scope.

(2) Exception for hyperinflationary currencies.

(b) Instruments described in paragraph (a)(1)(i) of this section.

(1) In general.

(2) Application of noncontingent bond method.

(3) Treatment and translation of amounts determined under noncontingent bond method.

(4) Determination of gain or loss not attributable to foreign currency.

(5) Determination of foreign currency gain or loss.

(6) Source of gain or loss.

(7) Basis different from adjusted issue price.

(8) Fixed but deferred contingent payments.

(c) Examples.

(d) Multicurrency debt instruments.

(1) In general.

(2) Determination of denomination currency.

(3) Issuer/holder consistency.

(4) Treatment of payments in currencies other than the denomination currency.

(e) Instruments issued for nonpublicly traded property.

(1) Applicability.

(2) Separation into components.

(3) Treatment of components consisting of one or more noncontingent payments in the same currency.

(4) Treatment of components consisting of contingent payments.

(5) Basis different from adjusted issue price.

(6) Treatment of holder on sale, exchange, or retirement.

(f) Rules for nonfunctional currency tax exempt obligations described in § 1.1275-4(d).

(g) Effective date.

[T.D. 8400, 57 FR 9177, Mar. 17, 1992, as amended by T.D. 8860, 65 FR 2028, Jan. 13, 2000; T.D. 9157, 69 FR 52818, Aug. 30, 2004; T.D. 9794, 81 FR 88850, Dec. 8, 2016; T.D. 9795, 81 FR 88879, Dec. 8, 2016]

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code
U.S. Code: Title 26 - INTERNAL REVENUE CODE

§ 1 - Tax imposed

§ 21 - Expenses for household and dependent care services necessary for gainful employment

§ 23 - Adoption expenses

§ 25 - Interest on certain home mortgages

§ 25A - Hope and Lifetime Learning credits

§ 28 - Renumbered § 45C]

§ 30 - Repealed. Pub. L. 113–295, div. A, title II, § 221(a)(2)(A), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4037]

§ 36B - Refundable credit for coverage under a qualified health plan

§ 38 - General business credit

§ 40 - Alcohol, etc., used as fuel

§ 41 - Credit for increasing research activities

§ 42 - Low-income housing credit

§ 43 - Enhanced oil recovery credit

§ 45D - New markets tax credit

§ 46 - Amount of credit

§ 47 - Rehabilitation credit

§ 52 - Special rules

§ 56 - Adjustments in computing alternative minimum taxable income

§ 58 - Denial of certain losses

§ 61 - Gross income defined

§ 62 - Adjusted gross income defined

§ 66 - Treatment of community income

§ 67 - 2-percent floor on miscellaneous itemized deductions

§ 72 - Annuities; certain proceeds of endowment and life insurance contracts

§ 101 - Certain death benefits

§ 103 - Interest on State and local bonds

§ 103A - Repealed. Pub. L. 99–514, title XIII, § 1301(j)(1), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2657]

§ 108 - Income from discharge of indebtedness

§ 110 - Qualified lessee construction allowances for short-term leases

§ 129 - Dependent care assistance programs

§ 132 - Certain fringe benefits

§ 148 - Arbitrage

§ 149 - Bonds must be registered to be tax exempt; other requirements

§ 150 - Definitions and special rules

§ 152 - Dependent defined

§ 162 - Trade or business expenses

§ 163 - Interest

§ 165 - Losses

§ 166 - Bad debts

§ 168 - Accelerated cost recovery system

§ 170 - Charitable, etc., contributions and gifts

§ 171 - Amortizable bond premium

§ 179 - Election to expense certain depreciable business assets

§ 179A - Repealed. Pub. L. 113–295, div. A, title II, § 221(a)(34)(A), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 4042]

§ 197 - Amortization of goodwill and certain other intangibles

§ 199 - Income attributable to domestic production activities

§ 216 - Deduction of taxes, interest, and business depreciation by cooperative housing corporation tenant-stockholder

§ 221 - Interest on education loans

§ 263A - Capitalization and inclusion in inventory costs of certain expenses

§ 267 - Losses, expenses, and interest with respect to transactions between related taxpayers

§ 274 - Disallowance of certain entertainment, etc., expenses

§ 280C - Certain expenses for which credits are allowable

§ 280F - Limitation on depreciation for luxury automobiles; limitation where certain property used for personal purposes

§ 280G - Golden parachute payments

§ 301 - Distributions of property

§ 304 - Redemption through use of related corporations

§ 305 - Distributions of stock and stock rights

§ 324

§ 336 - Gain or loss recognized on property distributed in complete liquidation

§ 337 - Nonrecognition for property distributed to parent in complete liquidation of subsidiary

§ 338 - Certain stock purchases treated as asset acquisitions

§ 351 - Transfer to corporation controlled by transferor

§ 355 - Distribution of stock and securities of a controlled corporation

§ 357 - Assumption of liability

§ 358 - Basis to distributees

§ 362 - Basis to corporations

§ 367 - Foreign corporations

§ 382 - Limitation on net operating loss carryforwards and certain built-in losses following ownership change

§ 383 - Special limitations on certain excess credits, etc.

§ 401 - Qualified pension, profit-sharing, and stock bonus plans

§ 401 note - Qualified pension, profit-sharing, and stock bonus plans

§ 402A - Optional treatment of elective deferrals as Roth contributions

§ 403 - Taxation of employee annuities

§ 404 - Deduction for contributions of an employer to an employees’ trust or annuity plan and compensation under a deferred-payment plan

§ 408 - Individual retirement accounts

§ 408A - Roth IRAs

§ 409 - Qualifications for tax credit employee stock ownership plans

§ 410 - Minimum participation standards

§ 411 - Minimum vesting standards

§ 414 - Definitions and special rules

§ 417 - Definitions and special rules for purposes of minimum survivor annuity requirements

§ 419A - Qualified asset account; limitation on additions to account

§ 420 - Transfers of excess pension assets to retiree health accounts

§ 441 - Period for computation of taxable income

§ 442 - Change of annual accounting period

§ 444 - Election of taxable year other than required taxable year

§ 446 - General rule for methods of accounting

§ 453 - Installment method

§ 453A - Special rules for nondealers

§ 458 - Magazines, paperbacks, and records returned after the close of the taxable year

§ 460 - Special rules for long-term contracts

§ 461 - General rule for taxable year of deduction

§ 465 - Deductions limited to amount at risk

§ 466 - Repealed. Pub. L. 99–514, title VIII, § 823(a), Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2373]

§ 467 - Certain payments for the use of property or services

§ 468A - Special rules for nuclear decommissioning costs

§ 468B - Special rules for designated settlement funds

§ 469 - Passive activity losses and credits limited

§ 471 - General rule for inventories

§ 472 - Last-in, first-out inventories

§ 475 - Mark to market accounting method for dealers in securities

§ 481 - Adjustments required by changes in method of accounting

§ 482 - Allocation of income and deductions among taxpayers

§ 483 - Interest on certain deferred payments

§ 493

§ 504 - Status after organization ceases to qualify for exemption under section 501(c)(3) because of substantial lobbying or because of political activities

§ 514 - Unrelated debt-financed income

§ 527 - Political organizations

§ 585 - Reserves for losses on loans of banks

§ 597 - Treatment of transactions in which Federal financial assistance provided

§ 642 - Special rules for credits and deductions

§ 643 - Definitions applicable to subparts A, B, C, and D

§ 645 - Certain revocable trusts treated as part of estate

§ 663 - Special rules applicable to sections 661 and 662

§ 664 - Charitable remainder trusts

§ 672 - Definitions and rules

§ 679 - Foreign trusts having one or more United States beneficiaries

§ 701 - Partners, not partnership, subject to tax

§ 702 - Income and credits of partner

§ 703 - Partnership computations

§ 704 - Partner’s distributive share

§ 705 - Determination of basis of partner’s interest

§ 706 - Taxable years of partner and partnership

§ 707 - Transactions between partner and partnership

§ 708 - Continuation of partnership

§ 709 - Treatment of organization and syndication fees

§ 721 - Nonrecognition of gain or loss on contribution

§ 722 - Basis of contributing partner’s interest

§ 723 - Basis of property contributed to partnership

§ 724 - Character of gain or loss on contributed unrealized receivables, inventory items, and capital loss property

§ 731 - Extent of recognition of gain or loss on distribution

§ 732 - Basis of distributed property other than money

§ 733 - Basis of distributee partner’s interest

§ 734 - Adjustment to basis of undistributed partnership property where section 754 election or substantial basis reduction

§ 735 - Character of gain or loss on disposition of distributed property

§ 736 - Payments to a retiring partner or a deceased partner’s successor in interest

§ 737 - Recognition of precontribution gain in case of certain distributions to contributing partner

§ 741 - Recognition and character of gain or loss on sale or exchange

§ 742 - Basis of transferee partner’s interest

§ 743 - Special rules where section 754 election or substantial built-in loss

§ 751 - Unrealized receivables and inventory items

§ 752 - Treatment of certain liabilities

§ 753 - Partner receiving income in respect of decedent

§ 754 - Manner of electing optional adjustment to basis of partnership property

§ 755 - Rules for allocation of basis

§ 761 - Terms defined

§ 809 - Repealed. Pub. L. 108–218, title II, § 205(a), Apr. 10, 2004, 118 Stat. 610]

§ 817A - Special rules for modified guaranteed contracts

§ 832 - Insurance company taxable income

§ 845 - Certain reinsurance agreements

§ 846 - Discounted unpaid losses defined

§ 848 - Capitalization of certain policy acquisition expenses

§ 852 - Taxation of regulated investment companies and their shareholders

§ 860E - Treatment of income in excess of daily accruals on residual interests

§ 860G - Other definitions and special rules

§ 863 - Special rules for determining source

§ 864 - Definitions and special rules

§ 865 - Source rules for personal property sales

§ 874 - Allowance of deductions and credits

§ 882 - Tax on income of foreign corporations connected with United States business

§ 883 - Exclusions from gross income

§ 884 - Branch profits tax

§ 892 - Income of foreign governments and of international organizations

§ 894 - Income affected by treaty

§ 897 - Disposition of investment in United States real property

§ 901 - Taxes of foreign countries and of possessions of United States

§ 902 - Deemed paid credit where domestic corporation owns 10 percent or more of voting stock of foreign corporation

§ 904 - Limitation on credit

§ 907 - Special rules in case of foreign oil and gas income

§ 911 - Citizens or residents of the United States living abroad

§ 924

§ 925

§ 927

§ 934 - Limitation on reduction in income tax liability incurred to the Virgin Islands

§ 936 - Puerto Rico and possession tax credit

§ 937 - Residence and source rules involving possessions

§ 954 - Foreign base company income

§ 956 - Investment of earnings in United States property

§ 957 - Controlled foreign corporations; United States persons

§ 960 - Special rules for foreign tax credit

§ 963 - Repealed. Pub. L. 94–12, title VI, § 602(a)(1), Mar. 29, 1975, 89 Stat. 58]

§ 985 - Functional currency

§ 987 - Branch transactions

§ 988 - Treatment of certain foreign currency transactions

§ 989 - Other definitions and special rules

§ 1017 - Discharge of indebtedness

§ 1032 - Exchange of stock for property

§ 1059 - Corporate shareholder’s basis in stock reduced by nontaxed portion of extraordinary dividends

§ 1060 - Special allocation rules for certain asset acquisitions

§ 1092 - Straddles

§ 1202 - Partial exclusion for gain from certain small business stock

§ 1221 - Capital asset defined

§ 1244 - Losses on small business stock

§ 1248 - Gain from certain sales or exchanges of stock in certain foreign corporations

§ 1254 - Gain from disposition of interest in oil, gas, geothermal, or other mineral properties

§ 1275 - Other definitions and special rules

§ 1286 - Tax treatment of stripped bonds

§ 1291 - Interest on tax deferral

§ 1293 - Current taxation of income from qualified electing funds

§ 1294 - Election to extend time for payment of tax on undistributed earnings

§ 1295 - Qualified electing fund

§ 1296 - Election of mark to market for marketable stock

§ 1297 - Passive foreign investment company

§ 1298 - Special rules

§ 1301 - Averaging of farm income

§ 1361 - S corporation defined

§ 1368 - Distributions

§ 1374 - Tax imposed on certain built-in gains

§ 1377 - Definitions and special rule

§ 1378 - Taxable year of S corporation

§ 1397D - Qualified zone property defined

§ 1397E - Credit to holders of qualified zone academy bonds

§ 1402 - Definitions

§ 1441 - Withholding of tax on nonresident aliens

§ 1443 - Foreign tax-exempt organizations

§ 1445 - Withholding of tax on dispositions of United States real property interests

§ 1471 - Withholdable payments to foreign financial institutions

§ 1472 - Withholdable payments to other foreign entities

§ 1473 - Definitions

§ 1474 - Special rules

§ 1502 - Regulations

§ 1503 - Computation and payment of tax

§ 1504 - Definitions

§ 1561 - Limitations on certain multiple tax benefits in the case of certain controlled corporations

§ 3401 - Definitions

§ 5000 - Certain group health plans

§ 5000A - Requirement to maintain minimum essential coverage

§ 6001 - Notice or regulations requiring records, statements, and special returns

§ 6011 - General requirement of return, statement, or list

§ 6015 - Relief from joint and several liability on joint return

§ 6033 - Returns by exempt organizations

§ 6035 - Basis information to persons acquiring property from decedent

§ 6038 - Information reporting with respect to certain foreign corporations and partnerships

§ 6038A - Information with respect to certain foreign-owned corporations

§ 6038B - Notice of certain transfers to foreign persons

§ 6038D - Information with respect to foreign financial assets

§ 6039I - Returns and records with respect to employer-owned life insurance contracts

§ 6041 - Information at source

§ 6043 - Liquidating, etc., transactions

§ 6045 - Returns of brokers

§ 6046A - Returns as to interests in foreign partnerships

§ 6049 - Returns regarding payments of interest

§ 6050E - State and local income tax refunds

§ 6050H - Returns relating to mortgage interest received in trade or business from individuals

§ 6050I-1

§ 6050K - Returns relating to exchanges of certain partnership interests

§ 6050M - Returns relating to persons receiving contracts from Federal executive agencies

§ 6050P - Returns relating to the cancellation of indebtedness by certain entities

§ 6050S - Returns relating to higher education tuition and related expenses

§ 6060 - Information returns of tax return preparers

§ 6061 - Signing of returns and other documents

§ 6065 - Verification of returns

§ 6081 - Extension of time for filing returns

§ 6103 - Confidentiality and disclosure of returns and return information

§ 6109 - Identifying numbers

§ 6302 - Mode or time of collection

§ 6402 - Authority to make credits or refunds

§ 6411 - Tentative carryback and refund adjustments

§ 6655 - Failure by corporation to pay estimated income tax

§ 6662 - Imposition of accuracy-related penalty on underpayments

§ 6695 - Other assessable penalties with respect to the preparation of tax returns for other persons

§ 6851 - Termination assessments of income tax

§ 7520 - Valuation tables

§ 7654 - Coordination of United States and certain possession individual income taxes

§ 7701 - Definitions

§ 7702 - Life insurance contract defined

§ 7805 - Rules and regulations

§ 7872 - Treatment of loans with below-market interest rates

§ 7874 - Rules relating to expatriated entities and their foreign parents

U.S. Code: Title 29 - LABOR
Statutes at Large
Public Laws
Presidential Documents

Reorganization ... 1978 Plan No. 4

Title 26 published on 16-Jun-2017 03:58

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 26 CFR Part 1 after this date.

  • 2017-06-30; vol. 82 # 125 - Friday, June 30, 2017
    1. 82 FR 29719 - Regulations Regarding Withholding of Tax on Certain U.S. Source Income Paid to Foreign Persons, Information Reporting and Backup Withholding on Payments Made to Certain U.S. Persons, and Portfolio Interest Treatment; Correction
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, Internal Revenue Service
      Correcting amendment.
        Effective Date: These corrections are effective June 30, 2017. Applicability Date: The corrections to §§ 1.1441-0; 1.1441-1(b)(7)(ii)(B), (e)(3)(iv)(B) and (C), (e)(4)(ii)(B)( 11 ), (e)(4)(ix)(D), (e)(5)(ii) through (e)(5)(ii)(B), (e)(5)(ii)(D) through (e)(5)(v)(B)( 3 ), (e)(5)(v)(B)( 5 ) through (e)(5)(v)(D), and (f) through (f)(4); 1.1441-1T; 1.1441-3(d)(1); 1.1441-4; 1.6045-1(m)(2)(ii) and (n)(12)(ii); and 1.6049-5(c)(1) through (c)(4) are applicable on January 6, 2017.
      26 CFR Part 1

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