28 CFR 51.57 - Relevant factors.
Among the factors the Attorney General will consider in making determinations with respect to the submitted changes affecting voting are the following:
(a) The extent to which a reasonable and legitimate justification for the change exists;
(b) The extent to which the jurisdiction followed objective guidelines and fair and conventional procedures in adopting the change;
(c) The extent to which the jurisdiction afforded members of racial and language minority groups an opportunity to participate in the decision to make the change;
(d) The extent to which the jurisdiction took the concerns of members of racial and language minority groups into account in making the change; and
(e) The factors set forth in Village of Arlington Heights v. Metropolitan Housing Development Corp., 429 U.S. 252 (1977):
(1) Whether the impact of the official action bears more heavily on one race than another;
(2) The historical background of the decision;
(3) The specific sequence of events leading up to the decision;
(4) Whether there are departures from the normal procedural sequence;
(5) Whether there are substantive departures from the normal factors considered; and
(6) The legislative or administrative history, including contemporaneous statements made by the decision makers.