40 CFR 172.59 - Enforcement.

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§ 172.59 Enforcement.

(a)Imminent threat of substantial harm to health or the environment. The use of a microbial pesticide in small-scale testing covered by this subpart (whether subject to the notification requirements of § 172.45(c) or exempt under § 172.45(d)) in a manner that creates an imminent threat of substantial harm to health or the environment is prohibited, and is considered a violation of section 12(a)(2)(S) of the Act.

(b)EPA response to violations. Under section 14 of the Act, EPA may seek civil or criminal penalties for violations of the Act. Failure to comply with the regulations in this part could result in civil or criminal penalties. Moreover, under sections 14 and 16(c) of the Act, EPA may at any time take appropriate action against violators to prevent or otherwise restrain use of a microbial pesticide in small-scale testing if it is determined that:

(1) Such use would create an imminent threat of substantial harm to health or the environment that is prohibited under paragraph (a) of this section; or

(2) The terms or conditions on which approval of the testing was granted under this subpart C are violated.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code

Title 40 published on 2015-08-22

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 40 CFR Part 172 after this date.

  • 2016-12-05; vol. 81 # 233 - Monday, December 5, 2016
    1. 81 FR 87509 - Notification of Submission to the Secretary of Agriculture; Pesticides; Removal of Obsolete Information
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
      Notification of submission to the Secretary of Agriculture.
      See Unit I. under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION .
      40 CFR Parts 152, 153, 155, 156, 160, 165, 168, 170, and 172