40 CFR § 52.2781 - Visibility protection.

§ 52.2781 Visibility protection.

(a) The requirements of section 169A of the Clean Air Act are not met, because the plan does not include approvable procedures for protection of visibility in mandatory Class I Federal areas.

(b)-(c) [Reserved]

(d) Regional Haze Plan for Virgin Islands National Park. The regional haze plan for the Virgin Islands consists of a Federal Implementation Plan entitled: “FEDERAL IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR REGIONAL HAZE FOR THE UNITED STATES VIRGIN ISLANDS.” The applicable requirements consist of:

(1) Applicability. This section addresses Clean Air Act requirements and EPA's rules to prevent and remedy future and existing man-made impairment of visibility in the mandatory Class I area of the Virgin Islands National Park through a Regional Haze Program. This section applies to the owner and operator of HOVENSA L.L.C. (HOVENSA), a petroleum refinery located on St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands.

(2) Definitions. Terms not defined below shall have the meaning given them in the Clean Air Act or EPA's regulations implementing the Clean Air Act. For purposes of this section: NOX means nitrogen oxides.

Owner/operator means any person who owns, leases, operates, controls, or supervises a facility or source identified in paragraph (d)(1) of this section.

PM means particulate matter.

Process unit means any collection of structures and/or equipment that processes, assembles, applies, blends, or otherwise uses material inputs to produce or store an intermediate or a completed product. A single stationary source may contain more than one process unit, and a process unit may contain more than one emissions unit. For a petroleum refinery, there are several categories of process units that could include: Those that separate and/or distill petroleum feedstocks; those that change molecular structures; petroleum treating processes; auxiliary facilities, such as steam generators and hydrogen production units; and those that load, unload, blend or store intermediate or completed products.

SO2 means sulfur dioxide.

Startup means the setting in operation of an affected facility for any purpose.

(3) Reasonable Progress Measures. On June 7, 2011, EPA and HOVENSA entered into a Consent Decree (CD) in the U.S. District Court for the Virgin Islands to resolve alleged Clean Air Act violations at its St. Croix, Virgin Islands facility. The CD requires HOVENSA, among other things, to achieve emission limits and install new pollution controls pursuant to a schedule for compliance. The measures required by the CD reduce emissions of NOX by 5,031 tons per year (tpy) and SO2 by 3,460 tpy. The emission limitations, pollution controls, schedules for compliance, reporting, and recordkeeping provisions of the HOVENSA CD constitute an element of the long term strategy and address the reasonable progress provisions of 40 CFR 51.308(d)(1). Should the existing federally enforceable HOVENSA CD be revised, EPA will reevaluate, and if necessary, revise the FIP after public notice and comment.

(4) HOVENSA requirement for notification. HOVENSA must notify EPA 60 days in advance of startup and resumption of operation of refinery process units at the HOVENSA, St. Croix, Virgin Islands facility. HOVENSA shall submit such notice to the Director of the Clean Air and Sustainability Division, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 2, 290 Broadway, 25th Floor, New York, New York, 10007-1866. HOVENSA's notification to EPA that it intends to startup refinery process units must include information regarding those emission units that will be operating, including unit design parameters such as heat input and hourly emissions, information on potential to emit limitations, pollution controls and control efficiencies, and schedules for compliance. EPA will revise the FIP as necessary, after public notice and comment, in accordance with regional haze requirements including the “reasonable progress” provisions in 40 CFR 51.308(d)(1). HOVENSA will be required to install any controls that are required by the revised FIP as expeditiously as practicable, but no later than 5 years after the effective date of the revised FIP.

(5) Best Available Retrofit Technology (BART) measures. Emissions limitations, the owners/operators subject to this section shall not emit or cause to be emitted SO2, NOX, and PM in excess of the following limitations:

Table 1 to Paragraph (d)(5)

Facility BART unit BART controls/limits
Control SO2
(tons/year)
NOX
(tons/year)
PM
(tons/year)
HOVENSA Boilers:
1 (B-1151) 330.1 450.6 40.6.
3 (B-1153) 330.1 450.6 40.6.
4 (B-1154) 322.5 443.5 39.7.
5 (B-1155) 484.9 676.9 60.7.
6 (B-3301) 330.8 435.3 40.6.
7 (B-3302) 330.8 435.3 40.6.
8 (B-3303) 640.1 559.8 78.6.
9 (B-3304) 640.1 559.8 78.6.
Turbines:
GT1 (G-1101E) 135.5 805.7 12.2.
GT2 (G-1101F) 135.5 805.7 12.2.
GT3 (G-1101G) 135.5 805.7 12.2.
GT4 (G-3404) 161.0 809.5 12.9.
GT5 (G-3405) 161.0 766.5 12.9.
GT6 (G-3406) 161.0 766.5 12.9.
GT7 (G-3407) 161.0 766.5 12.9.
GT8 (G-3408) 167.6 1002.1 15.1.
GT9 (G-3409) Steam Injection for NOX Control 52.2 150.2 14.0.
Process Heaters:
H-101 155.5 232.5 19.3.
H-104 115.5 172.8 17.2.
H-200 8.1 16.0 1.2.
H-201 8.2 16.1 1.2.
H-202 26.6 146.5 4.0.
H-401A 197.6 279.1 24.4.
H-401B 197.6 279.1 24.4.
H-401C 197.6 279.1 24.4.
H-1401A 163.1 388.7 21.1.
H-1401B 155.4 370.2 20.1.
H-1500 13.0 25.5 2.0.
H-1501 13.7 26.8 2.0.
H-160 29.6 163.0 4.4.
H-600 11.5 22.5 1.7.
H-601 7.8 15.2 1.2.
H-602 62.6 344.4 9.4.
H-603 17.2 33.7 2.6.
H-604 8.1 15.9 1.2.
H-605 3.4 6.6 0.5.
H-606 11.8 23.1 1.8.
H-800A 9.4 18.4 1.4.
H-800B 9.4 18.4 1.4.
H-801 22.0 121.1 3.3.
H-2101 116.4 283.2 15.1.
H-2102 112.7 274.1 14.6.
H-2201A 13.4 26.3 2.0.
H-2201B 13.4 26.3 2.0.
H-2202 26.1 143.7 3.9.
H-2400 7.2 14.2 1.1.
H-2401 24.1 132.5 3.6.
H-2501 44.5 244.5 6.7.
H-4502 32.5 178.9 4.9.
H-4503 30.8 169.6 4.6.
H-4504 27.6 151.9 4.1.
H-4505 23.9 131.3 3.6.
H-3101A 356.7 507.1 48.1.
H-3101B 356.7 507.1 48.1.
H-4101A 356.7 507.1 48.1.
H-4101B 356.7 507.1 48.1.
H-4401 29.4 161.5 4.4.
H-4402 28.0 153.8 4.2.
H-4451 83.4 458.7 12.5.
H-4452 54.3 298.6 8.1.
H-4453 54.3 298.6 8.1.
H-4454 16.9 33.1 2.5.
H-4455 30.3 166.6 4.5.
H-4201 367.7 448.1 44.9.
H-4202 355.7 433.6 43.4.
H-5401 29.4 161.5 4.4.
H-5402 28 153.8 4.2.
H-5451 83.4 458.7 12.5.
H-5452 54.3 298.6 8.1.
H-5453 54.3 298.6 8.1.
H-5454 16.9 33.1 2.5.
H-5455 30.3 166.6 4.5.
H-4601A 13.4 26.3 2.
H-4601B 13.4 26.3 2.
H-4602 26.1 143.7 3.9.
H-4301A 14.6 28.7 2.2.
H-4301B 14.6 28.7 2.2.
H-4302 26.7 147.1 4.
H-5301A 14.6 28.7 2.2.
H-5301B 14.6 28.7 2.2.
H-5302 26.7 147.1 4.
TGT unit No. 2 Beavo:
H-4761 & T-4761 2.0 4.0 1.0.
TGI units:
H-1032 1.6 3.1 0.2.
H-1042 3.3 6.5 0.5.
H-4745 900.0 28.0 3.0.
Compressors:
C-200A Catalytic Converters for NOX and CO control 0.0 33.1 0.2.
C-200B Catalytic Converters for NOX and CO control 0.0 33.1 0.2.
C-200C Catalytic Converters for NOX and CO control 0.0 33.1 0.2.
C-1500A 0.0 40.0 0.1.
C-1500B 0.0 40.0 0.1.
C-1500C 0.0 40.0 0.1.
C-2400A Catalytic Converters for NOx and CO control 0.0 19.4 0.3.
C-2400B Catalytic Converters for NOX and CO control 0.0 19.4 0.3.
C-4601A 0.0 380.6 0.9.
C-4601B 0.0 380.6 0.9.
C-4601C 0.0 380.6 0.9.
Flares:
#2 Flare (H-1105) 150.0 237.0 negligible.
#3 Flare (H-1104) 150.0 237.0 negligible.
#5 Flare (H-3351) 150.0 237.0 negligible.
#6 Flare (H-3352) 150.0 237.0 negligible.
#7 Flare (H-3301) 150.0 237.0 negligible.
Water Pumps:
PD-1602 1.9 40.6 2.9.
PD-1603 1.9 40.6 2.9.
PD-1604 1.9 40.6 2.9.
PD-1605 1.9 40.6 2.9.
PD-1620 1.3 27.0 1.9.
[50 FR 28553, July 12, 1985, as amended at 52 FR 45137, Nov. 24, 1987; 77 FR 64421, Oct. 22, 2012; 82 FR 3129, Jan. 10, 2017; 87 FR 7731, Feb. 10, 2022]

The following state regulations pages link to this page.