42 CFR § 414.425 - Claims for damages.
(a) Eligibility for filing a claim for damages as a result of the termination of supplier contracts by the Medicare Improvements for Patients and Providers Act of 2008 (MIPPA).
(1) Any aggrieved supplier, including a member of a network that was awarded a contract for the Round 1 Durable Medical Prosthetics, Orthotics, and Supplies Competitive Bidding Program (DMEPOS CBP) that believes it has been damaged by the termination of its competitive bid contract, may file a claim under this section.
(b) Timeframe for filing a claim.
(1) A completed claim, including all documentation, must be filed within 90 days of January 1, 2010 (the effective date of these damages provisions), unless that day is a Federal holiday or Sunday in which case it will fall to the next business day.
(2) The date of filing is the actual date of receipt by the CBIC of a completed claim that includes all the information required by this rule.
(c) Information that must be included in a claim.
(3) A detailed explanation of the damages incurred by this supplier as a direct result of the termination of the Round 1 competitive bid contract by MIPPA. The explanation must include all of the following:
(i) Documentation of the supplier's damages through receipts.
(ii) Records that substantiate the supplier's damages and demonstrate that the damages are directly related to performance of the Round 1 contract and are consistent with information the supplier provided as part of their bid.
(4) The supplier must explain how it would be damaged if not reimbursed.
(5) The claim must document steps the supplier took to mitigate any damages they may have incurred due to the contract termination, including a detailed explanation of the steps of all attempts to use for other purposes, return or dispose of equipment or other assets purchased or rented for the use in the Round 1 DMEPOS CBP contract performance.
(d) Items that will not be considered in a claim. The following items will not be considered in a claim:
(1) The cost of submitting a bid.
(2) Any fees or costs incurred for consulting or marketing.
(3) Costs associated with accreditation or licensure.
(4) Costs incurred before March 20, 2008.
(5) Costs incurred for contract performance after July 14, 2008 except for costs incurred to mitigate damages.
(6) Any profits a supplier may have expected from the contract.
(7) Costs that would have occurred without a contract having been awarded.
(e) Filing a claim.
(3) The CBIC does not accept electronic submissions of claims for damages.
(f) Review of claim.
(1) Role of the CBIC.
(i) The CBIC will review the claim to ensure it is submitted timely, complete, and by an eligible claimant. When the CBIC identifies that a claim is incomplete or not filed timely, it will make a recommendation to the Determining Authority not to process the claim further. Incomplete or untimely claims may be dismissed by the Determining Authority without further processing.
(ii) For complete, timely claims, the CBIC will review the claim on its merits to determine if damages are warranted and may seek further information from the claimant when making its recommendation to the Determining Authority. The CBIC may set a deadline for receipt of additional information. A claimant's failure to respond timely may result in a denial of the claim.
(iii) The CBIC will make a recommendation to the Determining Authority for each claim filed and include an explanation that supports its recommendation.
(iv) The recommendation must be either to award damages for a particular amount (which may not be the same amount requested by the claimant) or that no damages should be awarded.
(A) If the CBIC recommends that damages are warranted, the CBIC will calculate a recommended reasonable amount of damages based on the claim submitted.
(B) The reasonable amount will consider both costs incurred and the contractor's attempts and action to limit the damages;
(v) The recommendation will be sent to the Determining Authority for a final determination.
(2) CMS' role as the Determining Authority.
(i) The Determining Authority shall review the recommendation of the CBIC.
(ii) The Determining Authority may seek further information from the claimant or the CBIC in making a concurrence or non-concurrence determination.
(iii) The Determining Authority may set a deadline for receipt of additional information. A claimant's failure to respond timely may result in a denial of the claim.
(iv) If the Determining Authority concurs with the CBIC recommendation, the Determining Authority shall submit a final signed decision to the CBIC and direct the CBIC to notify the claimant of the decision and the reasons for the final decision.
(v) If the Determining Authority non-concurs with the CBIC recommendation, the Determining Authority may return the claim for further processing or the Determining Authority may:
(B) Direct the CBIC to write said determination for the Determining Authority's signature; or
(C) Return the claim to the CBIC with further instructions.
(vi) The Determining Authority's determination is final and not subject to administrative or judicial review.
(g) Timeframe for determinations.
(1) Every effort will be made to make a determination within 120 days of initial receipt of the claim for damages by the CBIC or the receipt of additional information that was requested by the CBIC, whichever is later.
(2) In the case of more complex cases, or in the event of a large workload, a decision will be issued as soon as practicable.
(h) Notification to claimant of damage determination. The CBIC must mail the Determining Authority's determination to the claimant by certified mail return receipt requested, at the address provided in the claim.