42 CFR § 447.10 - Prohibition against reassignment of provider claims.
(a) Basis and purpose. This section implements section 1902(a)(32) of the Act which prohibits State payments for Medicaid services to anyone other than a provider or beneficiary, under an assignment, power of attorney, or similar arrangement, except in specified circumstances.
(b) Definitions. For purposes of this section:
Facility means an institution that furnishes health care services to inpatients.
Factor means an individual or an organization, such as a collection agency or service bureau, that advances money to a provider for accounts receivable that the provider has assigned, sold or transferred to the individual organization for an added fee or a deduction of a portion of the accounts receivable. Factor does not include a business representative as described in paragraph (f) of this section.
Organized health care delivery system means a public or private organization for delivering health services. It includes, but is not limited to, a clinic, a group practice prepaid capitation plan, and a health maintenance organization.
(c) State plan requirements. A State plan must provide that the requirements of paragraphs (d) through (h) of this section are met.
(d) Who may receive payment. Payment may be made only -
(1) To the provider; or
(2) To the beneficiary if he is a noncash beneficiary eligible to receive the payment under § 447.25; or
(3) In accordance with paragraphs (e), (f), and (g) of this section.
(e) Reassignments. Payment may be made in accordance with a reassignment from the provider to a government agency or reassignment by a court order.
(f) Business agents. Payment may be made to a business agent, such as a billing service or an accounting firm, that furnishes statements and receives payments in the name of the provider, if the agent's compensation for this service is -
(1) Related to the cost of processing the billing;
(2) Not related on a percentage or other basis to the amount that is billed or collected; and
(3) Not dependent upon the collection of the payment.
(g) Individual practitioners. Payment may be made to -
(1) The employer of the practitioner, if the practitioner is required as a condition of employment to turn over his fees to the employer;
(2) The facility in which the service is provided, if the practitioner has a contract under which the facility submits the claim; or
(3) A foundation, plan, or similar organization operating an organized health care delivery system, if the practitioner has a contract under which the organization submits the claim.
(h) Prohibition of payment to factors. Payment for any service furnished to a beneficiary by a provider may not be made to or through a factor, either directly or by power of attorney.
(i) The payment prohibition in section 1902(a)(32) of the Act and paragraph (d) of this section does not apply to payments to a third party on behalf of an individual practitioner for benefits such as health insurance, skills training, and other benefits customary for employees, in the case of a class of practitioners for which the Medicaid program is the primary source of revenue, if the practitioner voluntarily consents to such payments to third parties on the practitioner's behalf.