45 CFR § 150.203 - Circumstances requiring CMS enforcement.
CMS enforces PHS Act requirement to the extent warranted (as determined by CMS) in any of the following circumstances:
(b) Determination by CMS. If CMS receives or obtains information that a State may not be substantially enforcing PHS Act requirements, it may initiate the process described in this subchapter to determine whether the State is failing to substantially enforce these requirements.
(c) Special rule for guaranteed availability in the individual market. If a State has notified CMS that it is implementing an acceptable alternative mechanism in accordance with § 148.128 of this subchapter instead of complying with the guaranteed availability requirements of § 148.120, CMS's determination focuses on the following:
(1) Whether the State's mechanism meets the requirements for an acceptable alternative mechanism.
(2) Whether the State is implementing the acceptable alternative mechanism.
(d) Consequence of a State not implementing an alternative mechanism. If a State is not implementing an acceptable alternative mechanism, CMS determines whether the State is substantially enforcing the requirements of §§ 148.101 through 148.126 and § 148.170 of this subchapter.