45 CFR § 2554.2 - What kind of conduct will result in program fraud enforcement?
(a) Any person who makes, or causes to be made, a false, fictitious, or fraudulent claim or written statement to the Corporation is subject to program fraud enforcement. A “person” means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal entity.
(b) If more than one person makes a false claim or statement, each person is liable for a civil penalty. If more than one person makes a false claim which has induced the Corporation to make payment, an assessment is imposed against each person. The liability of each such person to pay the assessment is joint and several, that is, each is responsible for the entire amount.
(c) No proof of specific intent to defraud is required to establish liability under this part.