46 CFR § 180.200 - Survival craft - general.

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§ 180.200 Survival craft - general.

(a) Each survival craft required on a vessel by this part must meet one of the following:

(1) For an inflatable liferaft - Approved under approval series 160.151 or other standard specified by the Commandant, with the applicable equipment pack, as determined by the cognizant OCMI. Each inflatable liferaft required on a vessel by this part must have a capacity of 6 persons or more. Inflatable liferafts may be substituted for inflatable buoyant apparatus or life floats required under this section;

(2) For a life float - Approved under approval series 160.027 or other standard specified by the Commandant. Buoyant apparatus may be used to meet requirements for life floats if the buoyant apparatus was installed on board the vessel on or before March 11, 1996, and if the buoyant apparatus remains in good and serviceable condition;

(3) For an inflatable buoyant apparatus - Approved under approval series 160.010 or other standard specified by the Commandant. Inflatable buoyant apparatus may be substituted for life floats required under this section.

(4) For a buoyant apparatus - Approved under approval series 160.010 or other standard specified by the Commandant. An existing buoyant apparatus may not be used to satisfy the requirements for life floats on existing vessels wishing to upgrade the total number of passengers carried on an oceans route.

(b) If the vessel carries a small boat or boats, the capacity of these boats may be counted toward life float capacity required by this part. Such boats must meet the requirements for safe loading and flotation in 33 CFR part 183, and must meet the stowage, launching, and equipment requirements in this part for the survival craft they replace.

(c) A summary of survival craft requirements is provided in Table 180.200(c).

Table 180.200(c)

Route Survival craft requirements
Oceans (a) cold water 1 - 100% IBA - § 180.202(a)(1).
(i) w/subdivision 2 - 100% LF - § 180.202(a)(2).
(b) warm water 3 - 67% IBA 4 - § 180.202(b).
Coastwise (a) wood vsls in cold water.
(i) 67% IBA - § 180.204(a)(1).
(ii) w/subdivision - 100% LF - § 180.204(a)(2).
(b) nonwood and vsls operating in warm water.
(i) 100% LF - § 180.204 (b) and (c).
(c) within three miles of shore.
(i) w/o subdivision - 100% LF - § 180.204(d)(1).
(ii) w/subdivision - 50% LF - § 180.204(d)(2).
(iii) w/float free 406 MHz EPIRB - 50% LF - § 180.204(d)(3).
Limited Coastwise (Not more than 20 miles from a harbor of safe refuge) (a) wood vsls in cold water.
(i) 67% IBA - § 180.205(a)(1).
(ii) w/subdivision - 100% LF - § 180.205(a)(2).
(b) nonwood vessels in cold water - 100% LF - § 180.205(b).
(c) within three miles of shore - § 180.205(d).
(A) w/o subdivision - 100% LF.
(B) w/subdivision - 50% LF.
(C) w/float free 406 MHz EPIRB - 50% LF.
(d) vessels operating in warm water.
(i) 50% LF - § 180.205(c).
(ii) within three miles of shore.
(A) w/o subdivision - 50% LF - § 180.205(e)(1).
(B) w/subdivision - NONE - § 180.205(e)(2).
(C) w/float free 406 MHz EPIRB - NONE - § 180.205(e)(3).
Great Lakes (a) same as Limited Coastwise (a) & (b) - § 180.206(a).
(b) within one mile of shore - NONE 5 - § 180.206(b).
Lakes, Bays, & Sounds 6 7 (a) wood vsls in cold water.
(i) 100% LF - § 180.207(a)(1).
(ii) w/subdivision - 50% LF - § 180.207(a)(2).
(b) nonwood - 50% LF - § 180.207(b).
(c) within 1 mile of shore - NONE - § 180.207(e).
(d) warm water - NONE - § 180.207(c).
RIVERS 7 8 (a) cold water.
(i) w/o subdivision - 50% LF - § 180.208(a)(1).
(ii) w/subdivision - NONE - § 180.208(a)(2).
(iii) within one mile of shore - NONE - § 180.208(d).
(b) warm water - NONE - § 180.208(b)

Abbreviations used:

ILR = Inflatable liferaft

IBA = Inflatable Buoyant Apparatus

LF = Life Float. As allowed by § 180.15(b) any buoyant apparatus in use on an existing vessel on March 11, 1996, may be used to meet the requirements for LF as long as the buoyant apparatus is in good and serviceable condition.

Footnotes:

1 Cold water means the cognizant OCMI has determined the monthly mean low temperature of the water is ≤15 °C (59 °F).

2 Vessels ≤65 ft carrying ≤49 passengers built before March 11, 2001, may meet the collision bulkhead standards in § 179.310 and one-compartment subdivision subdivision standards in §§ 179.220 and 179.320 at least in way of the engine room and lazarette in lieu of the subdivision requirements contained in this part.

3 Warm water means the cognizant OCMI has determined the monthly mean low temperature of the water is >15 °C (59 °F).

4 Vessels operating in warm water may substitute 100% LF in lieu of 67% IBA - § 180.202(d).

5 OCMI may reduce primary lifesaving for seasonal or ferry type operations on the Great Lakes - § 180.206(b).

6 Shallow water exception - § 180.207(e).

7 OCMI may reduce survival craft requirements based upon the route, communications schedule and participation in VTS - § 180.207(f) and § 180.208(e)

8 Shallow water exception - § 180.208(e)C.

[CGD 85-080, 61 FR 975, Jan. 10, 1996, as amended at 62 FR 51357, Sept. 30, 1997; USCG-2012-0832, 77 FR 59789, Oct. 1, 2012]

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