46 CFR § 540.2 - Definitions.
As used in this subpart, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(a) Person includes individuals, limited liability companies, corporations, partnerships, associations, and other legal entities existing under or authorized by the laws of the United States or any State thereof or the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands or any territory or possession of the United States, or the laws of any foreign country.
(b) Vessel means any commercial vessel having berth or stateroom accommodations for 50 or more passengers and embarking passengers at U.S. ports.
(c) Commission means the Federal Maritime Commission.
(d) United States includes the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands or any territory or possession of the United States.
(e) Berth or stateroom accommodation or passenger accommodations includes all temporary and all permanent passenger sleeping facilities.
(f) Certificate (Performance) means a Certificate of Financial Responsibility for Indemnification of Passengers for Nonperformance of Transportation issued pursuant to this subpart.
(g) Passenger means any person who is to embark on a vessel at any U.S. port and who has paid any amount for a ticket contract entitling him to water transportation.
(h) Passenger revenue means those monies wherever paid by passengers who are to embark at any U.S. port for water transportation and all other accommodations, services and facilities relating thereto.
(i) Unearned Passenger Revenue means: (1) Passenger revenue received for water transportation and all other accommodations, services, and facilities that have not been performed by the PVO. Passenger revenue includes port fees, taxes, and all ancillary fees remitted to the PVO by the passenger;
(2) From March 17, 2022 through March 17, 2024, for small businesses that operate in deep sea waters and have 1,500 or fewer employees or operate exclusively in coastal, Great Lakes, and inland water ways and have 500 or fewer employees, Unearned Passenger Revenue means passenger revenue received for water transportation and all other accommodations, services, and facilities relating thereto not yet performed; this includes port fees and taxes paid, but excludes such items as airfare, hotel accommodations, and tour excursions.
(j) Insurer means any insurance company, underwriter, corporation, or association or underwriters, ship owners' protection and indemnity association, or other insurer acceptable to the Commission.
(k) Evidence of insurance means a policy, certificate of insurance, cover note, or other evidence of coverage acceptable to the Commission.
(l) Whole-ship charter means an arrangement between a passenger vessel operator and a corporate or institutional entity:
(1) Which provides for the purchase of all the passenger accommodations on a vessel for a particular voyage or series of voyages; and
(2) Whereby the involved corporate or institutional entity provides such accommodations to the ultimate passengers free of charge and such accommodations are not resold to the public.
(m) Nonperformance of transportation means cancelling or delaying a voyage by three (3) or more calendar days, if the passenger elects not to embark on the delayed voyage or a substitute voyage offered by the passenger vessel operator.