49 CFR § 107.331 - Assessment considerations.
After finding a knowing violation under this subpart, the Office of Chief Counsel assesses a civil penalty taking the following into account:
(a) The nature and circumstances of the violation;
(b) The extent and gravity of the violation;
(c) The degree of the respondent's culpability;
(d) The respondent's prior violations;
(e) The respondent's ability to pay;
(f) The effect on the respondent's ability to continue in business; and
(g) Such other matters as justice may require.