49 CFR § 1503.607 - Administrative law judges.
(a) Powers of an ALJ. In accordance with the rules of this subpart, an ALJ may:
(1) Give notice of, and hold, prehearing conferences and hearings.
(2) Issue scheduling orders and other appropriate orders regarding discovery or other matters that come before him or her consistent with the rules of this subpart.
(3) Administer oaths and affirmations.
(4) Issue subpoenas authorized by law.
(5) Rule on offers of proof.
(6) Receive relevant and material evidence.
(7) Regulate the course of the hearing in accordance with the rules of this subpart.
(8) Hold conferences to settle or to simplify the issues on his or her own motion or by consent of the parties.
(9) Rule on procedural motions and requests.
(10) Make findings of fact and conclusions of law, and issue an initial decision.
(12) Order payment of witness fees in accordance with § 1503.649.
(b) Limitations on the power of the ALJ.
(1) The ALJ may not:
(i) Issue an order of contempt.
(ii) Award costs to any party.
(iii) Impose any sanction not specified in this subpart.
(iv) Adopt or follow a standard of proof or procedure contrary to that set forth in this subpart.
(3) This section does not preclude an ALJ from issuing an order that bars a person from a specific proceeding based on a finding of obstreperous or disruptive behavior in that specific proceeding.