49 CFR 180.203 - Definitions.
As used in this section, the word “cylinder” includes UN pressure receptacles. In addition to the definitions contained in § 171.8 of this subchapter, the following definitions apply to this subpart:
Commercially free of corrosive components means a hazardous material having a dew point at or below minus 46.7 °C (minus 52 °F) at 101kPa (1 atmosphere) and free of components that will adversely react with the cylinder (e.g. chemical stress corrosion).
Condemn means a determination that a cylinder is unserviceable for the continued transportation of hazardous materials in commerce and that the cylinder may not be restored by repair, rebuilding, requalification, or any other procedure.
Defect means an imperfection requiring removal of a cylinder from service.
Elastic expansion means a temporary increase in a cylinder's volume, due to application of pressure, that is lost when pressure is released (elastic expansion = total expansion minus permanent expansion).
Filled or charged means an introduction or presence of a hazardous material in a cylinder.
Over-heated means a condition in which the temperature of any portion of an aluminum cylinder has reached 176 °C (350 °F) or higher, or in which the temperature of any portion of a steel or nickel cylinder has reached 343 °C (650 °F) or higher.
Permanent expansion means a permanent increase in a cylinder's volume after the test pressure is released.
Proof pressure test means a pressure test by interior pressurization without the determination of a cylinder's expansion.
Rebuild means the replacement of a pressure part (e.g. a wall, head, or pressure fitting) by welding.
Repair means a procedure for correction of a rejected cylinder that may involve welding.
Requalification means the completion of a visual inspection and/or the test(s) required to be performed on a cylinder to determine its suitability for continued service.
Test pressure means the pressure used for the requalification of a cylinder.
Total expansion means the total increase in a cylinder's volume due to application of the test pressure.
Visual inspection means an internal or external visual examination, or both, performed as part of the cylinder requalification process.
Volumetric expansion test means a pressure test to determine the total and permanent expansion of a cylinder at a given pressure. The volumetric expansion test is conducted using the water jacket or direct expansion methods:
(1)Water jacket method means a volumetric expansion test to determine a cylinder's total and permanent expansion by measuring the difference between the volume of water the cylinder externally displaces at test pressure and the volume of water the cylinder externally displaces at ambient pressure.
(2)Direct expansion method means a volumetric expansion test to calculate a cylinder's total and permanent expansion by measuring the amount of water forced into a cylinder at test pressure, adjusted for the compressibility of water, as a means of determining the expansion.