49 CFR 831.9 - Authority during investigations.

§ 831.9 Authority during investigations.

(a)General authority of investigators. To carry out the statutory responsibilities of the agency, an NTSB investigator may -

(1) Conduct hearings;

(2) Administer oaths;

(3) Require, by subpoena or otherwise, the production of evidence and witnesses;

(4) Enter any property where an accident subject to the NTSB's jurisdiction has occurred, or wreckage from any such accident is located, and take all actions necessary to conduct a complete investigation of the accident;

(5) Inspect, photograph, or copy any records or information (including medical records pursuant to paragraph (b)(2) of this section), and correspondence regardless of the date of their creation or modification, for the purpose of investigating an accident;

(6) Take possession of wreckage, records or other information if it determines such possession is necessary for an investigation; and

(7) Question any person having knowledge relevant to a transportation accident.

(b)Subpoenas. The NTSB may issue a subpoena, enforceable in Federal District Court, to obtain testimony or evidence related to an accident, including but not limited to personal electronic devices.

(1) The NTSB's authority to issue subpoenas includes access to medical records and specimens.

(2) For purposes of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), Public Law 104-191, and the regulations promulgated by the DHHS, 45 CFR 164.501et seq., the NTSB is a “public health authority” to which protected health information may be disclosed by a HIPAA “covered entity” without the prior written authorization of the subject of the records. In addition, the NTSB may issue a subpoena to gain access to such information.

(c)Examination of evidence. In accordance with 49 U.S.C. 1134(d), the NTSB has exclusive authority to decide timing, manner and method of testing and examination of evidence, and extraction of data.

This is a list of United States Code sections, Statutes at Large, Public Laws, and Presidential Documents, which provide rulemaking authority for this CFR Part.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


United States Code

Title 49 published on 09-Jun-2018 04:52

The following are ALL rules, proposed rules, and notices (chronologically) published in the Federal Register relating to 49 CFR Part 831 after this date.

  • 2017-10-12; vol. 82 # 196 - Thursday, October 12, 2017
    1. 82 FR 47401 - Civil Monetary Penalty Catch Up Inflation Adjustment and Annual Inflation Adjustment
      GPO FDSys XML | Text
      NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD
      Interim Final Rule with request for comments.
      This Interim Final Rule is effective on October 12, 2017. The NTSB will accept written comments on this Interim Final Rule on or before October 27, 2017.
      49 CFR Part 831