7 CFR § 319.40-2 - General prohibitions and restrictions; relation to other regulations.
(a) Permit required. Except for regulated articles exempted from this requirement by paragraph (c) of this section or § 319.40-3, no regulated article may be imported unless a specific permit has been issued for importation of the regulated article in accordance with § 319.40-4, and unless the regulated article meets all other applicable requirements of this subpart and any requirements specified by APHIS in the specific permit.
(b) Importer document; documentation of type, quantity, and origin of regulated articles. Except for regulated articles exempted from this requirement by paragraph (c) of this section or § 319.40-3, no regulated article may be imported unless it is accompanied by an importer document stating the following information. A certificate that contains this information may be used in lieu of an importer document at the option of the importer:
(3) The quantity of the regulated article to be imported;
(4) The use for which the regulated article is imported; and
(c) Regulation of articles imported for propagation or human consumption. The requirements of this subpart do not apply to regulated articles that are allowed importation in accordance with Subpart H - Plants for Planting of this part or to regulated articles imported for human consumption that are allowed importation in accordance with Subpart L - Fruits and Vegetables of this part.
(d) Regulated articles imported for experimental, therapeutic, or developmental purposes. Any regulated article may be imported without further restriction under this subpart if:
(e) Designation of additional regulated articles. An inspector may designate any article as a regulated article by giving written notice of the designation to the owner or person in possession or control of the article. APHIS will implement rulemaking to add articles designated as regulated articles to the definition of regulated article in § 319.40-1 if importation of the article appears to present a recurring significant risk of introducing plant pests. Inspectors may designate an article as a regulated article after determining that:
(1) The article was imported in the same container or hold as a regulated article;
(3) The article appears to be contaminated with regulated articles or soil.
(f) In addition to meeting the requirements of this subpart, bark and bark products and logs and pulpwood with bark attached, as well as cut trees (e.g., Christmas trees), imported from Canada are subject to the inspection and certification requirements for gypsy moth in § 319.77-4 of this part.