Currency Regulations

Reinforced by the necessary and proper clause, the powers “ ‘to lay and collect taxes, to pay the debts and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States,’ and ‘to borrow money on the credit of the United States and to coin money and regulate the value thereon . . . ,’ ”1870 have been held to give Congress virtually complete control over money and currency. A prohibitive tax on the notes of state banks,1871 the issuance of treasury notes impressed with the quality of legal tender in payment of private debts1872 and the abrogation of clauses in private contracts, which called for payment in gold coin,1873 were sustained as appropriate measures for carrying into effect some or all of the foregoing powers.


Juilliard v. Greenman, 110 U.S. 421, 449 (1884). back
Veazie Bank v. Fenno, 75 U.S. (8 Wall.) 533 (1869). back
Juilliard v. Greenman, 110 U.S. 421 (1884). See also Legal Tender Cases (Knox v. Lee), 79 U.S. (12 Wall.) 457 (1871). back
Norman v. Baltimore & Ohio R.R., 294 U.S. 240, 303 (1935). back