U.S. Patent Act
..Part II. Patentabililty of Inventions and Grant of Patents
....Chapt. 14. Issue of Patent
(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this title [35 USCS Sects. 1 et seq.], the Commissioner is authorized to publish a statutory invention registration containing the specification and drawings of a regularly filed application for a patent without examination if the applicant-
(1) meets the requirements of section 112 of this title 35 USCS Sect. 112];
(2) has complied with the requirements for printing, as set forth in regulations of the Commissioner;
(3) waives the right to receive a patent on the invention within such period as may be prescribed by the Commissioner; and
(4) pays application, publication, and other processing fees established by the Commissioner. If an interference is declared with respect to such an application, a statutory invention registration may not be published unless the issue of priority of invention is finally determined in favor of the applicant.
(b) The waiver under subsection (a)(3) of this section by an applicant shall take effect upon publication of the statutory invention registration.
(c) A statutory invention registration published pursuant to this section shall have all of the attributes specified for patents in this title [35 USCS Sects. 1 et seq.] except those specified in section 183 and sections 271 through 289 of this title [35 USCS Sects. 183,271-289]. A statutory invention registration shall not have any of the attributes specified for patents in any other provision of law other than this title [35 USCS Sects. 1 et seq.]. A statutory invention registration published pursuant to this section shall give appropriate notice to the public, pursuant to regulations which the Commissioner shall issue, of the preceding provisions of this subsection. The invention with respect to which a statutory invention certificate is published is not a patented invention for purposes of section 292 of this title 35 USCS Sect. 292].
(d) The Secretary of Commerce shall report to the Congress annually on the use of statutory invention registrations. Such report shall include an assessment of the degree to which agencies of the Federal Government are making use of the statutory invention registration system, the degree to which it aids the management of federally developed technology, and an assessment of the cost savings to the Federal Government of the use of such procedures.