AUTHORITY. The following Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Swimming
Pools and Other Related Facilities are duly adopted and promulgated by the
Arkansas State Board of Health Pursuant to the authority expressly conferred by
the Laws of the State of Arkansas including without limitation, Act 96 of 1913,
as amended (A.C.A.
), and Act 623 of 1987, as amended (A.C.A.
PURPOSE. To protect the health of the citizens of Arkansas by
establishing criteria for the design, operation and maintenance of public
swimming pools and other related facilities.
* Abbreviations (technical) include:
"DE" means diatomaceous earth
"fps" means feet per second
"gpm" means gallons per minute
"ppm" means parts per million
* Air Bump Assist Backwash means the compressing
of a volume of air in the filter effluent chamber (by means of an air
compressor or by the water pressure from the recirculating pump) which, when
released, rapidly compresses and forces water in the filter chamber through the
elements in reverse, dislodging the filter media and accumulated debris and
carrying it to waste.
* Alteration means replacement of any portion of
the recirculation system including pool/spa plumbing or perimeter
overflow/skimmer equipment, pumps, filters, or disinfection units, or
modification of the physical structure of the pool or spa, or any change that
would not conform to the original specifications. This does not include repair
of small sections of pipes due to leaking, or maintenance activities such as
painting, plastering or acid washing.
* ANSI means the American National Standard
* Anti-vortex Drain or Covermeans a drain with a
raised cover or design which allows horizontal flow of water into the drain
rather than a vertical flow. The purpose of the design is to prevent the
dangerous suction effect on a body which may come in contact with the
* Automatic Controllers means integrated
electrical/electronic equipment, connected to chemical feed equipment which
continuously monitors and controls the pH level and chorine/bromine residual of
swimming pool water.
* Backwash means the process of thoroughly
cleansing the filter media and/or elements and the contents of the filter
* Barrier means a wall, building, fence or any
combination of these which control access to the pool area. This barrier shall
be of such construction as to provide reasonable protection for the safety of
* Cartridge Filter means a filter that utilizes a
porous material as its media.
* Chlorine Demand means the materials in the water
which use up chlorine such as bacteria, algae, dirt, leaves and swimmer wastes.
The chlorine demand must be satisfied before a chlorine residual is available
to disinfect the pool water.
* Chlorine Residual means the chlorine level in
the water after the chlorine demand has been satisfied. The free chorine
residual is the true measure of potential chlorine disinfection and is the
active chlorine that kills bacteria and algae. The active form of chlorine in
water is known as Hypochlorous Acid.
* Combined Chlorine means the amount of chlorine
that has reacted with the organic substances in the water, forming compounds
known as chloramines.
* Controlled Limited-Use Spas means any spa where
access to the spa unit is strictly controlled by the management by one or more
of the following:
1. Location of the
unit, e.g., installed in individual rooms with sleeping
2. The number of
patrons allowed to use the spa at any one time, e.g. in massage therapy,
wellness centers or similar operations
3. Locked control panels where use of the spa
must be scheduled through the management
4. Limiting the hours of use, e.g., in
* Coping means the covering which joins the top of
the pool wall with the decking and is considered part of the deck.
* Critical Items as stated in Act 623 of 1987,
means those aspects of operation or conditions of facilities or equipment,
which, if in violation constitute the greatest hazards to health and safety,
including imminent health hazard. These include:
1. Restriction of employees with
2. Approved water supply,
hot and cold running water under pressure
3. Sewage, liquid waste disposal
4. No cross connection, back
6. Excessive turbidity
7. Failure to maintain proper chemical
8. Failure or lack of
filtration, sanitizing and cleaning equipment and chemicals
9. Absence or lack of required supervisory
* Cross Connection means any physical arrangement
1. A potable water system
directly or indirectly, with anything other than another potable water system:
2. Pool water to any potable or
nonpotable water source capable of contaminating either the pool water, its
components, or portable water source due to backflow.
* Dead Spots means places in the pool/spa where
filtered/disinfected water does not reach because of poor circulation.
* Department means the Arkansas Department of
Health or, where required, employees authorized by the Department.
* Diatomaceous Earth means the type of filter
medium that is obtained from the fossil remains of microscopic marine plants
and that is used in a thin coating over the filter septa.
* Fill-and-Draw Pool or Spa means a pool or spa
which is drained, cleaned and refilled after each individual use.
* Filter means a device that separates solid
particles from pool water by recirculating through a porous substance (filter
media or cartridge element).
* Filter Media means the fine material which
entraps suspended particles from the water. These include sand and DE.
* Filter Septa means that part of the filter
element consisting of cloth, wire, screen or other porous material on which DE
media are deposited.
* General Public means all people without
* Hose Bibb means a water faucet with male screw
threads for attaching a hose.
* Hydrostatic Relief Valve means a device used to
relieve ground water pressure imposed on the outer shell of the pool. These are
usually installed in the main drain(s).
* Imminent Health Hazard means any condition,
deficiency, or practice which, if not corrected, is very likely to result in
illness, injury or loss of life to any person.
* Inlet means the fitting or opening through which
filtered water enters the pool.
* Lifeguard means an individual who has
demonstrated competency in water safety and life saving. The pool owner shall
* Main Drain means the outlet(s) at the bottom
portion of the pool or spa. These outlets are suction outlets connected to the
* Maximum Flow Rate means the maximum filtation
rate times the square footage of filter provided, i.e., GPM/sq. ft. x sq. ft.
of filter area=GPM.
* Minimum Flow Rate means the least flow of water
measured in gpm through the water treatment system that must be maintained to
provide adequate treatment. GPM is calculated by dividing the volume of the
pool, in gallons, by the required turnover time, in minutes.
* NSF means the National Sanitation
* NSPI means the National Spa and Pool
* Overflow System means perimeter type overflow,
surface skimmers and surface water collection systems of various design and
* Perimeter Overflow means a gutter or trough
around the inside of the pool walls, with the_overflow lip effecting a skimming
action to clean the pool water surface.
* Person means any individual, partnership, firm,
corporation, agency, municipality, state or political subdivision, or the
federal government and its agencies and departments.
* pH means the measure of the degree of acid or alkaline
qualities a solution possesses, as determined by its hydrogen ion content. A pH
below 7.0 is considered acid; a pH of 7.0 is considered neutral; a pH above 7.0
is considered alkaline.
* Pool Area means the water surface and deck
* Pool Deck means the paved area around the pool
including the coping.
* Pool Operator means the person or persons
responsible for the daily maintenance and operation of the pool or other
* Pool/Spa Depth means the distance between the
floor of the pool and the normal operating water level when the pool is in
* Precoat Pot means a hopper with a valved
connection to the suction side of the recirculation pump of pressure DE filter
systems that is used for coating the filter media prior to filtering water
through the system.
* Public Swimming Pool as stated in Act 623 of
1987, as amended, means a structure of all man-made materials, located either
indoors or outdoors, used for bathing or swimming, together with buildings,
appurtenances, and equipment used in connection therewith. Included are
spa-type, wading, special purpose pools or water recreation attractions
including but not limited to those operated at apartment buildings, counties,
institutions, schools motels, hotels, and mobile home parks to which admission
may be gained with or without payment of a fee. This definition shall not apply
to private pools at single-family residences.
For the purposes of this regulation, public swimming pools have
been categorized into the following classes:
* Class A Pool means any pool intended for, or
used by, the general public for recreational use, owned and operated by any
person, firm corporation, institution, association, club or any political
subdivision of the State of Arkansas.
* Class B Pool means any pool not open to the
general public, but open rather to a limited group, such as institutions,
schools, child care facilities, resident subdivisions or similar developments,
camps, day camps, recreational facilities, or pools of similar usage and type.
Or any pool whose use is restricted to residents, members or registered guests,
including but not limited to hotels, motels, apartments, trailer parks/mobile
home parks, churches and condominiums. Also included are country clubs, YWCA or
YMCA health or athletic clubs, and pools of similar type and usage.
* Class C Special Purpose Pool means any pool
whose design and/or use is significantly different from a swimming pool. This
includes, but is not limited to water recreation attractions, scuba pools, zero
depth entry pools, instructional pools, water slides, and spray pools. Or any
pool intended for use for accredited competitive aquatic events such as
Federation International de Natation Amateur (FINA), U.S. Swimming, U.S.
Diving, National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), National Federation of
State High School Associations (NFSHSA), etc._The pool may also be used for
* Class D Wading Pool means a small pool for
non-swimming children with a maximum depth not greater than 24 inches.
* Class E Therapy Pools/Spas means any treatment
spa/pool and special spas/pools for water therapy. Fill-and-drain water therapy
spas used for treatment of athletes or other medical treatment purposes are
exempt from these rules and regulations.
* Class F Spas means any commercial whirlpool, hot
tub, or spa designed for recreational, or relaxational use, in combination with
hydrojet circulation, air induction systems, or other circulation systems using
hot, cold, or ambient water temperature. These facilities have a maximum water
depth of four (4) feet and are not used for swimming or diving. This section
does not apply to fill-and-draw spas, which are drained, cleaned and refilled
after each individual use.
Spas operated in connection with Bed & Breakfast facilities
with less than 6 sleeping rooms and/or less than 10 guests are exempt from
these rules and regulations.
Controlled, limited use spas shall be considered Special
Purpose spas and will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
* Private Residential Pool means any individually
owned swimming pool which is built in connection with a single-family residence
the use of which shall be confined to the family of the owner and his guests.
This shall not include- any type of cooperative housing or joint tenancy oftwo
or more families, and shall be located within the same property boundary as the
family dwelling building to which it serves.
* Rate-of-Flow Indicator means a device installed
on the pool recirculation piping or backwash line to indicate recirculation
flow of the pool or backwash flow in gallons per minute.
* Scuba Pool means a special purpose pool designed
with the intent of training scuba divers.
* Serious Injury means any injury: Requiring
emergency service response where a person needs medical treatment as determined
by the emergency response personnel; and/or resulting in a person seeking
medical attention at a hospital emergency room or admission to a
* Spray pool means an artificial pool for use by
children into which water is sprayed but is not allowed to pond in the bottom
of the pool.
* Stabilizer (Cyanuric Acid) means a chemical that
helps prolong the useful life of chlorine in the water by slowing down chlorine
evaporation due to sunlight.
* Surface Skimmer means a device used to remove
surface debris from the pool over a self-adjusting weir.
* Surge Tank means a tank receiving the gravity
flow water from the overflow gutter and main drain(s) from which the
recirculation pump takes suction. This may also be referred to as a balance
* Turbidity means a cloudy condition of the water
due to the presence of extremely fine particulate materials in suspension that
interfere with the passage of light.
* Turnover means the period of time (usually in
hours) required to circulate a volume of water equal to the pool capacity. The
turnover rate is the number of times a quantity of water equal to the pool
capacity passes through the filters within a stated time (usually turnovers per
* UL means Underwriters Laboratory.
* Water Recreation Attraction means a swimming
facility open to the general public with design and operational features that
provides patron recreational activity which is different from that associated
with a conventional swimming pool in that the purpose fully involves immersion
of the body partially or totally in the water. Water recreation attractions
include, but are not limited to, water amusement lagoons, water slides and wave
* Water Slide means a special purpose facility
which consists of one or more flumes, a plunge pool, pump reservoir,
filtration, disinfection and chemical treatment facilities.
person, firm, corporation, institution, association, club, or governmental
agency operating, maintaining or constructing a swimming pool or related
facility included herein shall be responsible for compliance with these
REVIEW AND CONSTRUCTION.
Plans Required. Before work is commenced on any new construction, any
alteration of any existing pool, spa or water recreation attraction, complete
and detailed plans and specifications shall be submitted in triplicate to the
Arkansas Department of Health. Plans for all Class A pools or other pools as
determined by the Department shall be prepared by a professional engineer. All
work shall be performed in compliance with the Arkansas State Licensing Law for
Contractors and laws of the Arkansas Board of Registration for Professional
Design Not Reviewed. The review of the plans and specifications does not
include structural design or structural stability of any part of the pool
From Plans. No part of the work shall be undertaken until the Department
has granted written approval of said plans. No deviations from the approved
plans shall be made unless the proposed changes have been submitted to, and
approved by, the Arkansas Department of Health.
Final Construction Inspection.
No newly constructed or renovated public pool or other related facility
shall be placed into operation until a final inspection of the facility has
been conducted and written authorization to operate is issued by the
Department. Notification to the Department shall be made not less than ten (10)
days prior to the need for a final construction inspection. In addition to the
final inspection, the local Department representative shall be notified at the
start of construction and shall be notified to inspect the piping in place
prior to covering.
The final construction inspection shall be made by a Department
representative(s) in the presence of the pool owner and/or pool builder or pool
designer to ascertain that the pool was constructed in accordance with the
Instructions For Operation. Upon completion of the pool or other
related facility, the builder shall provide the owner and/or his operator(s)
with complete written and oral instructions on the operation of the pool and
all equipment, on the chemistry of pool water, and on specific details
concerning the maintenance of the equipment. The builder shall supply complete
manufacturer's information on each of the component parts of the recirculation,
filtration, and disinfection systems.
General. The water supply
for all pools, bather preparation facilities, water recreation attractions and
drinking water facilities included as adjuncts to the pool shall meet the
Arkansas Department of Health Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Public Water
Fountains. All drinking water shall be dispensed from angle jet
fountains equipped with a protective mouth guard or from a single-service
container. A suitable protective container must be provided for dispensing the
No piping arrangements shall exist which, under any conditions, will
permit sewage or wastewater to enter the recirculation system or will permit
water from the recirculation system or pool to enter the make-up water
Water (Excessive Turbidity). The water must be sufficiently clear to
plainly view the main drain(s) from the deck of the pool at all times when the
pool in open. The viewer must be able to clearly distinguish the type, shape
and number of gratings of the main drains when standing at the edge of the pool
deck nearest that main drain.
Pool/Spa Water Chemistry. The water in all pools/spas shall meet
the mandatory chemical parameters indicated in Appendix A for free and combined
chlorine or bromine, pH, total alkalinity and, where stabilizer is used,
Bacteriological Water Quality. The Department shall take samples
for bacterial analysis for each pool whenever a suspected water borne illness
is reported. Any such sample shall be analyzed for E. coli bacteria in
accordance with approved drinking water standard methods. The presence of any
E. coli bacteria will indicate unsatisfactory water quality and the pool or
other related facility shall be closed until a satisfactory water sample can be
obtained. Procedures for disinfection and management of fecal accidents are
provided in Appendix C.
Testing and Sampling of Pool Water. Chemical water quality testing
shall be conducted by the pool operator at such intervals as required by the
Department. Water chemistry tests will also be made by an authorized employee
of the Department at the time of inspection. This does not preclude a facility
from utilizing testing facilities provided by a pool service company.
Make Up Water
All water shall enter the pool through one of the following:
1. An over-the-rim fill spout with an air gap
2 ½ times the pipe diameter above the pool coping level. The fill spout
shall be rigid and properly located or shielded so as not to create a safety
hazard. The open end should have no sharp edges and should not extend more than
two inches beyond the edge of the pool. The fill spout can be designed to be
detachable and the plumbing plugged to prevent a trip hazard.
2. An automatic water fill control with a
manual over-ride may be provided to maintain the water level in the pool/spa at
the proper level. The water supply must be protected at all time from backflow.
An approved backflow preventer installation consists of a reduced pressure zone
(RPZ) backflow preventer which has been accepted by the Department and the
State Board of Plumbing and which is installed where it is readily accessible
for inspection andjnaintenance. The RPZ must be protected from freezing
temperature wherever installed-under buildings, inside buildings, or in an
insulated box manufactured for maintenance purposes for the RPZ-ample room is
required for testing and/or maintenance. If installed out in the open, it shall
be the responsibility of the plumbing contractor and/or the owner as the case
may be, to provide proper freeze protection.
A hose bibb equipped with vacuum breaker.
If make-up water is added to the surge tank, the installation
must comply with the above requirements for backflow prevention.
The sewer system for all pools/spas shall comply with the
The sewer system shall have sufficient capacity to serve the facility,
includingbathhouse, locker rooms, toilets, and related
Connection. There shall be no direct physical connection between the
sewer system and any drain from the pool/spa or circulation system. Any
pool/spa deck drain or overflow from the circulation system, when discharged to
the sewer system, storm drain, or other approved natural drainage course, shall
be discharged through a suitable air gap so as to preclude the possibility of
backflow of sewage or waste water into the pool/spa or piping system.
Individual Sewage Disposal Systems.
The sanitary sewer servicing the pool and auxiliary facilities shall
discharge to a public sewer system wherever possible and in accordance with
applicable requirements. Where no such sewer is available the connection shall
be made to a suitable waste water treatment system which has been designed and
constructed and is operated and maintained in accordance with all the current
Arkansas Department of Health Rules and Regulations Pertaining To Individual
Sewage Disposal Systems, Designated Representatives and Installers. An on-site
sewage disposal system permit shall be approved before pool construction can
begin. Filter backwash and pool drainage shall not be discharged into an on
site sewage disposal system.
POOL AND POOL AREA DESIGN/CONSTRUCTION
outdoor pool location shall be evaluated during the design phase to reduce
exposure to excessive pollution by dust, smoke, leaves or other potential
sources of contamination. The pool/spa shall be located so that drainage from
the surrounding area will not wash contamination into the pool/spa during
General. Pools, spas, and
related facilities shall be constructed of concrete or other approved material,
with a white or light colored finish. Materials shall be inert, non-toxic to
man, impervious, permanent, and enduring. Materials must withstand the design
stresses with an adequate factor of safety. Materials must provide a
water-tight tank with a smooth and easy to clean surface or to which a smooth,
easy to clean finish can be applied.
Approved Pool Materials.
Approved pool materials include, but are not limited to: concrete,
stainless steel wall with concrete bottom, or fiberglass wall with a concrete
bottom. Concrete may be required behind the walls of fiberglass wall panel
pools if the bracing system is_determined to be inadequate for support. Vinyl
on sand, earth, or material other than concrete_shall not be permitted in pool,
spas, or water recreational attractions. Vinyl liners may be installed over
existing approved construction materials.
Approved Spa Materials.
Approved spa materials include any of the approved pool materials or
one-piece fiberglass or acrylic prefabricated units. Other materials will be
evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
Safety Ledges. Safety ledges
are not permitted in pools constructed after the effective date of these
regulations or when the shell is remodeled after the effective date of these
Shape, Design, and Slopes.
Pools shall be designed and constructed of such shape
and contour so that efficient and safe control of the pool and bathers can be
accomplished. The pool bottom shall have definite slopes to the outlet.
Minimum standard pool dimensions and slopes are defined in
Figures 1, 2, 3, and Chart A in the Appendix. The minimum dimensions on "No
Diving" pools may be reduced if adequate justification is provided on a
detailed site plan during the plan review process. Whenever the size of the
pool is reduced the Department may increase the turnover requirements to insure
adequate recirculation/filtration/and disinfection and specify certain safety
requirements such as adequate "No Diving" signage.
Competition Pools. These
shall meet the design standards of the appropriate accreditation association
and/or these rules and regulations as determined by the Department.
Wading Pools, Spray Pools And Spas.
The bottom shall slope not less than three (3) inches in ten (10)
feet toward the drains, nor more than six (6) inches in ten
(10) feet toward the drain(s)
No obstructions such as excessively raised drains, steps or
concrete appurtenances on which children may fall or become injured shall be
placed in the wading pool or spray pool area. This does not preclude the
installation of water features such as water spray devices. Design features
shall be reviewed during preliminary review with the Department.
minimum plunge pool operating water depth at the slide flume terminus shall be
three (3) feet. This depth shall be maintained for a minimum distance often
(10) feet in front the slide terminus from which point the plunge pool may have
a constant upward slope to allow a minimum water depth of two (2) feet at the
base of the steps. The floor slope shall not exceed one (1) foot in ten (10)
feet. The slide flume shall terminate at or six (6) inches below normal water
operating level. The slide flume shall be perpendicular to the plunge pool wall
for a minimum length often (10) feet at the exit end of the flume(s). The
minimum distance between any plunge poolside wall and the outer edge of any
slide flume terminus shall be four (4) feet.
All sections of the flume shall be properly formed and sealed
together so as to prevent possible abrasions or injuries.
Water Recreation Attractions,
Special Purpose Pools, Controlled, Limited Use Spas, Therapy Pools/Spas.
Special consultation with the Department is necessary in order
that consideration can be given to concepts of design variations and to areas
where potential problems may exist. Therefore, prior to preparation and
submission of engineering plans and specifications, the design engineer shall
consult with the Department to ensure the Department has a complete
understanding and agrees to the design concepts of the
Walk Areas (Pool Deck)
General. Walk areas shall extend entirely around the perimeter of
the pool. Walks shall be constructed of concrete or other approved material and
kept in good repair. The walks shall be adequately drained by sloping at least
one-fourth inch per foot away from the pool.
Deck Drains. Deck drains must
be installed where necessary to prevent standing water on the deck. All deck
drainage must be "to waste" and not be filtered or returned to the pool. The
deck drain grates shall be removable to facilitate the cleaning of the
Carpet. The use of carpet on indoor facilities is prohibited. If
carpet is used on outdoor pools as a repair method, it must be maintained in
good repair to prevent accidents due to slipping and damage to pool
recirculation piping due to shedding. A Department representative will evaluate
the condition of the carpet. If determined to be unacceptable, a schedule for
deck repair/replacement will be developed with the owner.
Minimum Deck widths.
tables and chairs or other equipment should not obstruct the deck areas. The
minimum widths for each type of pool are listed.
WaIk Area Requirement
Pool with diving board - water surface of 3,000 sq. ft.
4 feet behind board
Pool with diving board - water surface greater than
3000 square feet.......................
8 feet behind board
Wading Pool or Spray
4 feet except at exit side where the walk shall be a
minimum of 10 feet
..4 feet around 50% of the spa
.As determined by the Dept.
As determined by the Dept.
Head Room. There shall be
minimum of thirteen feet of unobstructed head room above the level of the
Ventilation. All indoor pool/spa enclosures must be properly ventilated
to prevent the accumulation of moisture. Ventilation shall meet the
requirements of the current Arkansas State Mechanical Code.
Area Lighting. The following
requirements shall be met whenever the pool is in operation. Area lighting
shall be provided at all pools/spas. A minimum of 5-foot candles per square
foot of pool area shall be provided. Where underwater lighting is not used the
area lighting shall_provide not less than 10-foot candles per square foot of
pool area. When the pool is not in operation, security lighting is
The arrangement and design of the area lighting shall be such that
personnel may clearly observe every part of the pool, diving boards, and other
walk areas. Lights shall be so installed as to create no hazards to
lights. Where underwater lights are used, not less than 0.5 watts per
square foot of pool water surface area shall be provided.
Hose Connections. Sufficient
hose connections of adequate size and water pressure and equipped with vacuum
breakers shall be provided for cleaning all of the pool area.
Steps and Ladders.
General. Steps and ladders
shall be of an impervious material and of such design that they can be easily
cleaned. They shall be so designed and constructed that no water is left on
them when the water level in the pool is lower than the steps. The steps must
have a non-skid surface. Permanent black or dark colored edge stripes or tiles
must mark the steps. Handrails shall be provided for all steps. When figure 4
type handrails are used for spa steps, they may be mounted to the deck. The
ladders must be readily removable.
Placement and Minimum Number.
One ladder shall be provided for each 75 feet of pool perimeter. On "No
Diving" pools, with a maximum depth of 5 ½ feet, one ladder may be
deleted provided that steps with handrails are installed in the shallow end of
the pool. Pools with diving boards or wells shall have two ladders placed in
the diving end.
Sand Beaches or Landscape Area in Pool Enclosures.
Limited Access. Sand beaches
or landscape areas shall not be located inside of the pool enclosure unless an
approved barrier to prevent access on the part of the bathers is provided. If
access is allowed to such areas, satisfactory facilities shall be provided for
the proper cleansing of bathers before they again enter the bathing areas. This
may include the installation of foot showers.
Preliminary Design Review.
Design of these facilities shall be submitted in the preliminary stages
for consultation with the Department in order that consideration can be given
to areas where potential problems may exist.
Foot Baths. The use of
footbaths is prohibited. This does not preclude the use of foot showers,
provided the area is well drained away from the pool.
RECIRCULATION SYSTEMS AND
All pools, spas, or other related facilities shall be equipped with a
circulation system consisting of at least a pump or pumps, hair and lint
strainer(s), piping, a filter or filters, water treatment and disinfecting
equipment and other accessory equipment. All system components shall meet the
latest requirements of Standard 50 of the National Sanitation Foundation and
shall bear their seal of approval. Pumps larger than those reviewed by NSF
Testing Standards or Underwriters Laboratory (UL) shall be considered on a
The capacity of the circulation system, when operating at the
maximum allowable head loss on the filters, shall be sufficient to recirculate
and disinfect the entire volume of the pool, spa, or other facility water as
Existing Construction: 8 hours
New Construction: 6 hours (see Section XI.B.l)
Water Slide or Therapy Pool........
Turnover rate for other water recreation attractions or special
purpose pools shall be determined by the Department during the design review
Separation. Wading pool or spa water shall not be interconnected with
any other pool and all wading pools/spas shall have a separate recirculating
system consisting of a filter, pump, piping and disinfection equipment. Where
multiple pools are designed with common recirculation equipment, i.e. water
recreation attractions, the minimum turnover rate for the pools shall be
determined during the preliminary review process.
Therapy or Jet Systems. The
return lines of spa jet or spa/therapy systems shall be independent of the
recirculation-filtration and heating system.
A pump or pumps
shall be provided with adequate capacity for the required number of turnovers
of swimming pool/spa water as specified in Section IX B, and whenever possible
shall be so located as to eliminate the need for priming. If the pump or
suction piping is located above the overflow level of the pool/spa, the pump
shall be self-priming.
The pump shall be capable of providing a flow adequate for
backwashing filters. Under normal conditions, the pump or pumps shall supply
the required circulation rate of flow to obtain the turnover rate required at a
total dynamic head of at least:
45 feet for all vacuum filters
40 feet for pressure type sand filters
50 feet for pressure type DE or cartridge filters
40 feet total head for vacuum type DE filters with
20 inches of vacuum on the suction side.
Note: When the recirculation equipment is
installed below pool level, these head rates may be increased.
Pump Strainer. The
circulation system shall include a strainer installed on the suction side of
the pump to prevent hair, lint, and other debris from reaching the pump.
Strainers shall be corrosion resistant with openings not more than % inch in
size, and shall provide a free flow area_at least four times the cross-section
area of the pump station line and be readily accessible for cleaning. A spare
strainer basket should be provided.
be constructed of non-toxic material, shall be able to withstand the maximum
internal and external operating temperatures and shall be designed to minimize
friction loss. All plastic pipe used shall be NSF approved. All valves and
piping shall be appropriately labeled and identified as to its purpose.
Pool piping shall be supported to preclude possible settlement,
which would provide either dirt traps or air pockets.
The flow velocity in the pressure piping shall not exceed ten
(10) feet per second. The flow velocity in suction piping shall not exceed six
(6) feet per second.
Design calculations shall be required for projects greater than
3000 square feet of water surface.
should be provided at such points in the recirculation system so as to allow
obstructions and/or accumulations to be readily removed.
General. All facilities
shall be provided with a main outlet at the deepest point to permit the
facility to be completely and easily drained. Openings must be covered by
Flow Rate. The main drain(s) shall be designed for a flow rate based on
a minimum 30% of the total flow in gpm, not to exceed the maximum allowable
Hydrostatic Relief Valves. Each main drain shall be equipped with
a hydrostatic relief valve except for spas installed above ground
Fittings. On a spa, the outlet may be designed as two suction fittings
which have equal pipe diameter sizes. This may consist of two suction fittings
or a main drain and a skimmer. The system shall be designed so that neither of
the two outlets can be cut out of the suction line by a valve or other means. A
12" x 12" or larger square grate or other anti-vortex design cover that guards
against outlet entrapment may be approved. The jet system for spas shall be
equipped with two suction fittings.
The combined areas of
the openings of the grating shall be at least 4 times the area of the main
outlet pipe and have sufficient area so that the maximum velocity of the water
passing through the grate does not exceed 1 ½ ft. per second at maximum
flow. The maximum width of grate openings shall be ¼ inch. Pools with a
single main drain not meeting the above design shall have an anti-vortex type
cover. Dual main drains shall be required on all new construction.
All pool/spa outlet main drain grates, anti-vortex covers and
inlet fittings shall have tamper-proof screws that cannot be removed except
Pool inlets shall be submerged and be located not less than six (6)
inches or more than eighteen (18) inches below normal operating water level.
Pool inlets shall be installed on a maximum of fifteen feet centers to produce
a circulation of water throughout the pool without the existence of dead spots
and to carry pool-bottom deposits to the outlets. Provisions shall be made for
adjusting the volume of flow through each inlet.
Directional Inlets. Wall
inlets shall be capable of adjusting the direction of flow and of producing
sufficient velocity to impart a substantial circulatory movement to the pool
Inlets. At least one inlet shall be located in each
recessed stairwell or other space where water circulation might be
If inlets are to be placed on the bottom of the pool, the number of
inlets shall be determined by dividing the perimeter of the pool (measured in
feet), by 15. Any fraction thereof would require 1 additional inlet. Floor
inlets shall be so designed as to not create a hazard.
Special requirements. Inlet
requirements for special designs such as zero depth entry pools shall be
evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
Wading Pools and Spas. Inlet
requirements for wading pools and spas designed for six (6) or fewer bathers
shall be one for every 50 square feet of water surface. Any additional fraction
thereof would require one (1) additional inlet.
General. All pools and other
related facilities shall be provided with an operational rate-of-flow indicator
that reads in gallons per minute (gpm). All rate-of-flow indicators shall be
installed so as to meet manufacturers' installation requirements, such as
upstream and downstream straight pipe lengths. Where the rate-of-flow indicator
is installed between the pump and the filter, periodic cleaning shall be
performed to insure accurate readings.
Backwash Flow Indicator.
Where the piping arrangement is sufficient to meet the manufacturer's
requirements for pipe lengths, a rate-of-flow indicator on the pump discharge,
between the pump and filter(s), will be provided on pools with filters that
require backwashing. The operator shall be responsible for ensuring that the
rate-of-flow indicator is functioning properly.
Overflow System Required.
All pools/spas shall be provided with a surface overflow system which
shall be an integral part of the circulation system and which shall consist of
either built-in-place gutters, prefabricated gutters, and/or recessed automatic
Combination Gutter/Skimmer System. Nothing in this section shall
preclude use of a surface overflow system which combines both a gutter and a
recessed automatic surface skimmer. All pools with a water surface greater than
3,000 square feet shall be equipped with gutters or a combination of gutters
Perimeter Overflow (Gutters).
Whenever a built-in-place perimeter
overflow system or a prefabricated perimeter overflow system is provided, it
shall be designed and installed such that:
Capacity. The system shall be capable of handling 100 percent of
the circulation flow (based upon the required turnover rate) without the
overflow troughs being flooded for any appreciable period of time.
Surge Capacity. A surge
capacity shall be provided either in the system and/or by use of a surge tank.
The total surge capacity shall be at least equal to one gallon/square foot of
swimming pool water surface area.
Water Level. The water level
of the swimming pool/spa shall be maintained at or slightly higher than the
level of the overflow rim of the perimeter overflows, except for the time
needed to transfer all of the water which may be in surge capacity back into
the swimming pool after a period of use, provided that this transfer time shall
not be greater than 20 minutes.
Overflow Gutters. Gutters shall extend entirely around the
perimeter of the pool and have the necessary slope to prevent accumulations of
debris, dirt, etc., be of ample size to carry off normal amounts of water
introduced into them, and be easily accessible for cleaning. Drainage outlets
shall be provided at least every 15 feet and shall be covered by removable
When installed, the tolerance of the overflow rim shall not exceed %
inch as measured between the highest point and the lowest point of the overflow
During quiescence, the overflow system shall be capable of providing
continuous and automatic skimming action to the water at the surface of
The overflow troughs shall be installed completely around the perimeter
of the swimming pool, except at steps, recessed ladders and stairs.
Hand Hold. The exposed
surfaces of the overflow trough shall be capable of providing a firm and safe
The overflow trough shall be capable of being cleaned easily and shall
be of such configuration as to minimize accidental injury and provide for
adequate water depth marking.
Roll Out Gutter. This section
shall preclude the use of roll out or deck level type of gutters.
C.Recessed Automatic Surface
Required. Whenever a recessed automatic surface skimmer is installed it
shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the applicable NSF
standards pertaining to recessed automatic surface skimmers.
Skimmer Design and Material.
The recessed skimmer shall be of a grade designed for commercial pools,
be of substantial, durable, reasonably corrosion resistant material and
equipped with an automatic skimmer weir and removable strainer basket and flat
lid flush with deck and securely attached at all times.
Skimmer Flow Rate. The
skimmer shall be designed for a flow rate based on a minimum 70% of the total
flow, in gpm, not to exceed the minimum turnover rate.
Skimmer Flow Adjustment Valve.
All skimmers shall have an integral trimmer valve.
Skimmer Minimum Required.
1 per 500 sq. ft.
1 per 500 sq. ft.
1 per 500 sq. ft.
2 Skimmers - Plunge Pool; 1 Skimmer-Pump
1 per 500 sq. ft.
Skimmer quantity for other water recreation attractions or
special purpose pools shall be as determined by the Department during the
design review process.
*Note: Minimum number of skimmers may be reduced
as determined by the Department.
Skimmer Location. On outdoor pools/spas the recessed automatic
surface skimmer or skimmers shall be so located as to take into consideration
the direction of prevailing winds.
Skimmer Recessed. A recessed
automatic skimmer shall not protrude into the pool.
Skimmer Weir. The weir in the
skimmer shall adjust automatically and operate freely to variations in water
level over a minimum range flow of four inches. The floating basket design is
approved in lieu of weirs.
Equalizer. Equalizer piping for skimmers is not allowed.
FILTRATION SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT.
Required. All pools/spas shall be equipped with a filtration system for
the purpose of clarifying the water. The filtration system shall be an integral
part of the circulation system and shall consist of sand-type filters, DE type
filters, or cartridge filters.
Design. All filter units shall be designed and constructed in
accordance with applicable NSF/ANSI standards pertaining to swimming pool/spa
filters. The filter system shall be designed and installed with all the
necessary valves and piping which may be needed to isolate, backwash or drain
an individual filter unit for maintenance and/or repair.
System Capacity. The
filtration system shall have the capacity to meet the flow rate required for
the prescribed number of turnovers without exceeding the maximum allowable
Flow Control. All filter installations shall be equipped with a rate
flow control valve on the discharge side of the pump.
Accessibility. All filters
shall be designed and installed so as to provide easy accessibility for
cleaning, operating, maintaining and servicing.
Gauges. Filters shall be
equipped with an approved pressure gauge or gauges. Vacuum filters shall be
equipped with a vacuum gauge(s).
Drainage. All filters shall be designed and installed with all the
valves and piping needed to drain the filters completely for servicing or
Provisions shall be made to bypass the filter and empty the pool water
All pressure filters shall be designed and installed with an air relief
valve or valves which shall be located at or near the high point of the filters
and be capable of being operated manually. Automatic air-relief valves on top
of the filters with manual air-relief capabilities are acceptable.
Filter Backwash. Backwash
from the filter(s) shall be piped to a sanitary sewer or other disposal method
approved by the Department. If required, a permit for the discharge shall be
obtained from the Department of Environmental Quality. In all cases of filter
backwash discharge, an air-gap shall be provided with a minimum of six (6)
inches between the discharge pipe and top of the sump or sewer piping. Both the
sump and the exit pipe shall be sized to accommodate the backwash flow. A sight
glass or other means for viewing the clarity of the backwash shall be provided.
A provision to filter to waste shall be provided.
When a sand-type
filter(s) is installed, it may be either a gravity or a pressure, or a vacuum,
sand-type filter. Options include:
rapid-rate sand-type filter, which shall be designed for filtration rates not
in excess of 3 gpm/square foot of sand bed area, or
b) high rate sand-type filter, which shall be
designed: with filtration rates not in excess of 7.5 gpm/square foot of sand
bed area on existing pools using an 8 hour turnover rate or with filtration
rates not in excess of 15 gpm/square foot of sand bed area on newly constructed
pools using a 6 hour turnover rate All other pool/spas may utilize the 15
gpm/square foot of sand bed area rate (see Section IX.B for turnover
Filter Flow Control. If a single filter unit is provided, the pump shall
be sized at 15 gpm/square foot of filter area to provide the necessary backwash
flows. A valve to control flow shall be provided to limit the normal filtration
rate to 7.5 gallons per minute per square foot of filter area. Flow control
valves shall be required on existing facilities utilizing single sand filters
on a 7.5 GPM/sq. ft. rate.
Dual Filters. Dual filters are recommended. If two or more filters
are used to achieve the required filter area, they must be of the same
Internal components of the filter shall be accessible through an
inspection port as required by NSF.
Backwash. When a sand-type
filter is installed it shall be designed and installed such that it may be
backwashed at a rate of no less than 15 gpm/square foot of filter bed
Filter sand shall be hard filter silicon material free of carbonates or
other foreign material, with an effective particle size of between 0.4 and .55
mm and a uniformity coefficient not exceeding 1.75. Depth of filter sand shall
be adequate for the function intended. In no case shall it be less than 20
inches for rapid-type filters and 12 inches for high-rate type
A freeboard between the top of the filter media and the lowest draw off
point of the upper distribution system shall be provided and be of sufficient
height so no media is lost during backwash.
Diatomaceous Earth Filters.
Filter Type. When a DE type
filter is installed, it may be either a pressure or a vacuum type and it may be
designed to operate either with or without continuous slurry feed. A DE filter
with a continuous slurry feed shall be used for filtration rates not in excess
of 2.5 gpm/ square foot filter area. A DE filter which operates without
continuous slurry feed shall be used for filtration rates not in excess of 2
gpm/square foot of filter area.
When a DE filter is installed it shall be designed and
installed with provisions for cleaning by one or more of the following methods.
c)Spray Wash (Either mechanical or
The water used in cleaning a DE filter shall be discharged to
waste or other approved means.
Precoat. Precoating of the
septa shall be in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations to insure
adequate coating of diatomite prior to filtering water through the_system. A
precoat pot may be installed on the suction side of the pump to insure adequate
coating of the filter septa. No additional precoat equipment is needed on
vacuum systems since the diatomite can be placed directly in the filter
The system piping shall be such that during precoat procedures the
filter effluent shall be refiltered or wasted without passing into the pool
until the effluent is clear of suspended matter.
General. Cartridge type
filters are permitted for use on Class E Spas or Class F Spas. Approval of
cartridge filters for use on all other classes of pools shall be on a
Number. One extra complete set of cartridges per filter shall be
kept on the premises at all times. Replacement of cartridge elements shall be
done whenever the requirements of Section VI B cannot be maintained.
Cleaning. Cartridge filters
must be cleaned by soaking in an approved cleaning solution and/or by pressure
Cartridge filters must filter at a rate not in excess of .375 gpm per
Other Filters. Any filters other than those described above must
be approved by the NSF and the Department before they can be considered for use
in the recirculation system for public swimming pools/spas.
Every pool/spa shall be equipped with a disinfectant feeder(s) as
required to maintain the microbiological, chemical and physical characteristics
of the pool/spa water within the required limits as listed in Appendix A. The
disinfectant shall provide a residual in the pool/spa water so that it can be
Feeders. Disinfectant feeders for use on public pools and spas may be
the hypochlorinator type that feeds as a liquid by positive displacement or by
a feeder that uses controlled erosion or dissolving of a chemical by the flow
through process. Feeders shall maintain a dosage proportional to the flow.
Because of serious safety considerations the use of gas chlorine is not
recommended and may not be approved. When used, the operation must be in
compliance with all state and federal safety requirements.
Disinfectants Other Than Chlorine
or Bromine. Disinfectants other than chlorine or bromine require special
approval and are not to be used without prior written permission from the
Disinfectant Feeders and Chemical Feeders. All disinfectant feeders and
all chemical feeders which are installed on pools/spas shall be designed and
constructed in accordance_with applicable NSF or UL standards pertaining to
disinfectant and chemical feeding equipment for use on swimming pools and
Chlorine disinfection feeders shall have the capacity to feed 5 ppm to
the 24 hour recirculation flow of the filtration system. All other
disinfectants shall feed at rates as determined by the Department.
Minimum standards for Gas Chlorine
Feeders on Existing Pools.
Design. Feeders shall be of such design and construction as will
withstand wear, corrosion, or attack by chlorine gas, chlorine vapors or
chlorine solutions and will not be adversely affected by repeated regular
adjustments or other conditions anticipated in the normal use of the
Feeders shall be capable of being easily disassembled for cleaning and
maintenance and being easily reassembled.
Non-clog Design. Feeders
shall be of such design and construction as to preclude stoppage from materials
which may be contained in the compressed gas.
Fail Safe. Feeders shall
incorporate failure-proof features so that the chlorine gas cannot feed
directly into the swimming pool, the pool piping system, water supply system or
the swimming pool enclosure under any type of failure or interruption of
operation of the equipment.
Solution Feed Type. Feeders shall be a solution feed type, capable
of delivering a chlorine solution at its maximum rate without releasing
chlorine gas into the atmosphere.
Accidental Failure. Feeders
shall be of such design so that during accidental failure or interruptions of
water supply to the chlorinator, any leaking gas will be safely conducted to
the outdoors, not onto the pool deck or any populated area.
gaseous chlorine equipment is provided, the mechanical proportioning device and
cylinders of chlorine shall be housed in a reasonably gas tight,
corrosion-resistant and mechanically vented enclosure with a shatter-proof gas
tight inspection window. Venting shall be to atmosphere in an unrestricted area
and shall have a motor-driven exhaust fan capable of producing at least one air
exchange per minute. Properly designed automatic louvers are required near the
top of the enclosure for admitting fresh air. Electrical switches for the
control of artificial lighting and ventilation shall be on the outside of the
enclosure adjacent to the door.
The floor area of the enclosure shall be of adequate size to
house the chlorinator, fan, scales, and one extra chlorine cylinder. Cylinders
must be anchored to provide proper storage. Ammonia, stored outside the
chlorine room, must be available to detect any possible chlorine leaks.
SCBA Required. A
self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) shall be provided and shall be
readily accessible in a secured location outside the chlorine room.
Feed Required. Feed shall be positive and constant under all conditions
of pressure in the circulating system.
Back Flow Prevention.
Positive features to prevent back-flow from the circulation system to
the solution container shall be provided.
Flow Through or Controlled Erosion
1. Flow through or controlled
erosion feeders shall be used in conjunction with a chemical feeder to maintain
pH when used for feeding a hypochlorite non-stabilized compound.
2. The feeder shall have an adjustable rate
of flow through the feeder.
feeder shall have a positive flow indicator.
4. The feeder shall be so constructed and
installed so that no chemical shall be fed when the circulating system has been
General. A chemical feeder
must be used in conjunction with a hypochlorinator feeding non-stabilized
chlorine or gas chlorinators in order to maintain pH of pool/spa water. It
shall be a positive displacement type feeder.
Feed Rate. Equipment shall
be sufficient to supply at least 2 pounds of soda ash per 15,000 gallons of
pool/spa water per 24-hour period and shall have a minimum feed capacity of 2
½ gallons per hour. This same type feeder can also be used to feed acid
and granular chlorine for super-chlorination.
All gas-fired heaters for pools or spas shall meet the requirements of
the current Arkansas Gas Code.
CONTROLLED LIMITED-USE SPAS.
use spas as defined in Section III shall meet all the applicable requirements
of these Regulations with the following variances:
A. A minimum of 50 square feet of NSF
approved cartridge filter for units 500 gallons or less. The filtration may be
located below the skimmer unit or within an equipment system. Larger units
shall be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
B. An NSF approved continuous disinfection
(chlorine or bromine) unit shall be installed with a flow indicator and flow
control valve. The unit shall be sized in accordance with Section XII E.
Floating dispensers are not approved for routine disinfection.
C. One skimmer with weir and a minimum of 2
side/bottom suction fittings shall be provided per pump.
D. A NSF approved ozonator is recommended. If
installed it shall be installed and ventilated per manufacturers'
E. All safety and
signage requirements for spas shall be met.
NOTE: The recirculation/filtration/disinfection
system shall operate 24 hours continuously.
All pools/spas shall have a functional and accurate test kit or
equipment for measuring free and combined chlorine or bromine concentration,
pH, total alkalinity and cyanuric acid (if stabilizer is used in pool/spa
Other test kits may be required when deemed necessary by the
Department. The use of orthotolodine tests for chlorine is prohibited. Test
strips may be used in lieu of liquid reagents.
Suction Cleaner or
Equipment shall be provided to remove sediment, sludge and other
accumulations from all areas of the pool/spa bottom and walls.
minimum equipment required for pool/spa cleaning includes:
one (1) vacuum head and hose or portable vacuum
one (1) wall brush suitable for use on pool/spa material
one (1) leaf net
one (1) telescoping pole
Use of Common Cleaning Equipment.
Multiple facility operations may use common cleaning equipment. To
prevent cross contamination, caution must be taken to clean and disinfect
vacuum equipment following fecal accidents or suspected waterborne disease
Access to Equipment. The
equipment room shall be evaluated during the plan review process to determine
if adequate space is provided for equipment to be serviced. Filters and other
equipment shall be easily accessible for service. Equipment shall be
safeguarded to prevent unauthorized tampering. The equipment room shall be
adequately drained and ventilated. The room(s) and equipment shall be
maintained clean and in good repair.
Gas Chlorine Storage. Where
gas chlorine is used on existing facilities, the chlorine room shall meet the
minimum standards as described in Section XIIF 7.
Ventilation for Equipment Rooms.
Where the equipment room is provided below grade, stairway access and
suitable drainage shall be provided. Enclosed stairways shall have louvered
vents on three sides of the room and an exhaust fan.
All other equipment and chemical storage rooms shall be
ventilated through a louvered door and an opening, louvered vent on at least
one other side. In order to achieve adequate ventilation, an exhaust fan may be
necessary. Chemical rooms must be vented away from the walk area.
Adequate space shall be provided for off-floor storage of chemicals,
separate from the operating equipment. In rooms or areas with fixed ceilings,
the minimum height shall be 6.5 feet.
Lighting. All equipment and
chemical storage rooms shall be equipped with at least of one (1) watt of
artificial light per square foot of floor area with a minimum of 100 watts
BATHER PREPARATION FACILITIES
All Class "A" pools and spas open to the general public
shall provide adequate bather preparation facilities. Whenever any pool other
than Class "A" pools are opened to the general public, a minimum of one
restroom and shower facility for each gender shall be provided. Pools not open
to the general public shall provide bather preparation facilities whenever
suitable facilities are not available within a reasonable distance of the pool.
In these instances the Department shall determine reasonable distance.
Lavatories, showers and water closets shall be provided for each gender based
on the maximum bather load and as listed below or as required by the current
Arkansas State Plumbing Code, whichever is most stringent. Certain pools having
a high rate of swimmer change out, such as a school's pool used for classes,
may be required to provide additional facilities.
1 per 100
2 per 100
1 per 100
2 per 100
1 per 100
1 per 40
1 per 40
Dressing Rooms. A dressing room shall be provided for each
gender. The dressing rooms shall be satisfactorily located, constructed,
equipped, lighted and ventilated. Floor finish shall be non-skid cement, tile,
or other impervious material. Indoor-outdoor carpet is not approved. Non-skid
mats may be installed but shall be removable for cleaning. Walls and partitions
shall be constructed of smooth, impervious material.
Light and Ventilation. All
bather preparation areas shall be adequately ventilated and lighted. A minimum
of one (1) watt of light for each square foot of floor area is
Hot and Cold
Running Water Shall Be Provided. Dispensers for providing either liquid
or powdered soap shall be provided for lavatories and showers. Adequate hand
drying facilities, either single service paper towels or blower type hand
dryers, must be provided.
Maintenance. All bather preparation facilities shall be maintained in a
clean condition and in good repair.
Operation and Management.
The pool or other related facility shall be maintained under the
supervision and direction of a properly trained operator on staff, or on call,
who shall be responsible for promoting good sanitation and safety, the proper
maintenance of the facility and all physical and mechanical equipment and
It is recommended that the operator shall have successfully
completed a swimming pool operatorcourse and have current certification
recognized by the Department.
Recommended Courses include:
1. National Swimming Pool Foundation
Certified Pool Operator Course
NSPI Tech I, II, or Certified Level Training
3. Other courses or curriculum (evaluated on
a case by case basis) which provide technical training in pool/spa water
chemistry, maintenance, and safety
Lifeguards. Shall be present
in accordance with the following: All Class A pools and any pool that is opened
to the general public.
Number of Lifeguards. A minimum of one lifeguard shall be provided
for each 2000 square feet of water surface. One additional lifeguard shall be
provided for each additional 2000 square feet of water surface, or fraction
thereof equal to or greater than 1000 square feet.
Lifeguard Chairs. One
lifeguard chair shall be provided for each lifeguard as required by these
regulations. Lifeguard chair(s) shall be elevated and strategically located to
provide adequate coverage of all areas of the pool. This does not preclude the
use of a lifeguard to walk the pool area or be stationed in the shallow areas
of the pool.
No broken bottles, cans, glass, sharp objects or any
other debris, which might cause injury or accidents, shall be in the pool.
Glass bottles are prohibited in the pool area. No operational activities or
conditions of facilities which are likely to cause illness or injuryshall be
allowed to exist. Food and/or drinks are prohibited in the pool/spa water.
Steps and ladders as specified in Section VIIII shall be provided.
Area lighting as specified in sections VIII G, XVIIIE, and XIX
C shall be provided
A recommended list of pool rules is located in Appendix
No diving board, tower, or platform greater than ten (10) feet
above the water level shall be permitted in any public pool, except by express
permission of the Department Director.
Main drain grates, anti-vortex covers and vacuum-fitting covers
shall be in place and in good condition whenever the pool/spa is in use.
Missing or damaged covers shall constitute grounds for immediate
Prevention of Unauthorized Entry.
General. Provisions must be made to exclude unauthorized entry to
the facility. The barrier may be any fence, wall or structure which prevents
entry except through self-closing, self-latching and lockable gates or doors.
The barrier shall not prevent visual observation of the pool. Shrubbery shall
not constitute an acceptable barrier.
Barrier Design. The barrier
shall not be less than four feet in height. The topography outside the barrier
shall be considered during the construction phase to insure the barrier will
provide a minimum four (4) foot barrier. Barriers shall not have open spaces
greater than four (4) inches horizontally. There shall not be more than four
(4) inches of space between the bottom of the barrier and the ground's surface
or the pool deck. Where existing construction does not comply with the
Regulations, plans to correct this violation must be developed in cooperation
with the Department.
Multiple Facilities. Where a pool and a wading pool are located
within a common pool area, separate fencing, which meets the above criteria, is
required for the wading pool. Where other multiple facilities are located
within a common pool area (i.e., pool and spa) provisions shall be made to
prevent access to any pool or spa, which is closed for maintenance, repair or
as the result of non-compliance. Locking spa covers and portable fencing which
meet the above criteria are acceptable options for closure. Floating spa covers
are not acceptable. Signs shall be posted indicating which facility is closed.
The need for separate fencing for water recreationattractions, such as water
theme parks, shall be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
Indoor Pools/Spas. The area
must be secured by self closing doors for dedicated pool/spa rooms or by
barriers as required above, wherever the pool/spa are located where guest rooms
or lobbies open onto the pool area. Some means of access control (such as room
key or card) should be provided to prevent entry by unattended
The entire water slide area including the plunge pool, pool deck, the
slide, and the walk area to the slide, shall be fenced to prevent access when
the slide is not in operation.
The Department may approve alternative enclosure materials and
methods when such materials and methods are found to be equivalent to those
Chemical Storage and Handling.
Chemicals shall be kept in the original containers and shall be used and
stored in accordance with label instructions. All rooms used for storage of
pool chemicals shall be plainly marked by any combination of words, pictures or
Emergency. All pools shall have telephone service conveniently available
on the premises. A clearly visible listing of emergency phone numbers - to
include the nearest emergency and medical services - shall be posted next to
Report. The operator of any pool or other related facility shall report
any drowning, other death or serious injury occurring on the premises within 72
hours of the occurrence. A written report shall be submitted to the Department
on forms provided by the Department.
Life Saving and Safety
Readily accessible and conspicuously mounted lifesaving
equipment shall be provided at all swimming pools. One unit of lifesaving
equipment shall consist of the following:
One shepherd's crook and pole (recommended by the Department) and/or
One ring buoy or similar flotation device
such as an American Red Cross approved rescue tube
One unit of life saving equipment shall be required for each
2,000 square feet of water surface or fraction thereof. A minimum of one ring
buoy or similar flotation device shall be provided for spas. For multiple
facilities, common equipment may be used in quantity based on the square
footage requirement for total water surface area of the facilities. It is
recommended that instructions for proper usage of life saving equipment be
All pools in which the maximum pool depth exceeds five
(5) feet six (6) inches, shall install a lifeline located at or before the five
(5) feet depth area(s) separating the shallow area(s) and the deep area(s).
"Wave" type pools shall be exempt from this requirement.
Pools which provide lane swimming, may remove a lifeline during
periods of lane swimming or routine maintenance. The lifeline shall be
maintained in good condition. Connections for lifeline shall be recessed in the
walls at appropriate locations, and in a manner which presents no hazard to
First Aid Equipment. Each pool and other related facility shall
have basic first aid equipment available to care for minor injuries.
Wiring and grounding for lights and all electrical power for pool
equipment must conform with the codes of the current edition of the National
Fire Protection Association National Electric Code. Ground fault protection
shall be provided on all electrical circuits within the pool area. Junction
boxes must be above the pool water level and not be a trip hazard.
Spa Timers. A 15 minute
timer to activate the jet system shall be installed on all new or remodeled spa
installations and shall be located at a distance that would require the bather
to exit the spa to restart.
Signs and Safety Markings.
All signs and depth markers must be
clearly readable at all times.
Diving. This sign shall be displayed in conspicuous locations at all
pools not meeting the minimum requirements for diving i.e., less than 5
½ feet deep. The sign shall read "NO DIVING" with minimum three (3) inch
lettering. "NO DIVING" tiles placed conspicuously on the deck shall meet this
Warning - No
Lifeguard On Duty. This sign shall be posted at pools and other related
facilities where lifeguard service is not required and not provided. The sign
shall be in clearly legible letters at least three (3) inches high. The sign
shall also state children should not use the pool without an adult in
Sign. On a warning sign, precautions for spa patrons shall be posted
which provides in similar language:
* Elderly persons and those suffering from heart disease,
diabetes, or high blood pressure should consult a physician before using the
* No person suffering from a communicable disease,
transmissible via water, shall use the spa pool.
* Persons using prescription medications should consult a
physician before using the spa pool.
* Individuals under the influence of alcohol should not use the
* No person shall use the spa pool alone.
* Pregnant women should not use the spa pool without consulting
* Persons should spend no more than 15 minutes in the spa at
any one session.
* All children under 14 years of age shall be accompanied by a
responsible adult observer.
* No person shall run or engage in horseplay in or around the
Water Slides Safety
The following warnings must be posted at all slides:
* Always slide feet first and only after previous slider has
cleared the area.
* No jumping or diving from slide.
* Only one person at a time allowed on the slide.
* No play equipment on slide.
Maximum Bather Load. The
maximum bather load as determined by Section XXI of the regulation shall be
conspicuously posted at the entrance of the pool/spa.
Pool Depth Markers.
a. Plainly mark the water
depth in a unit of measurement, i.e. feet, inches or meters, on the vertical
wall at or above the water level and on the horizontal surface of the coping or
b. Be located on the
vertical pool wall to be read from the waterside. Where markings cannot be
placed above the water level, markings shall be placed in other areas and
plainly visible to users in the pool
c. Be located on the coping or deck within
eighteen inches of the water edge and readable while standing on the deck
facing the water
d. Be slip
e. Be placed at the
maximum and minimum water depths and at all points of slope change
f. Meet the above requirements on irregularly
shaped pools and designate the depths at all major deviations in
g. Be three-inch minimum
height on the deck and a two-inch minimum height on the vertical pool
h. Be applied in a contrasting
Wading Pool Depth Markers. A spa or wading pool shall have a minimum of
two (2) three inch depth markers indicating depth on the deck and/or posted on
a sign or wall.
Edges. These shall be marked in a contrasting color or contrasting slip
Temperature. The maximum water temperature for a spa or therapy/spa pool
shall be 104°F and this temperature shall be posted at the spa in three (3)
inch letters. A non-breakable thermometer shall be provided for use in the
Oils, Body Lotions
and Minerals. Oils, body lotions, minerals or other materials not
associated with chemicals used for water chemistry balance and disinfection of
the water are prohibited in the spa, and this information shall be posted.
Prohibited in Pool/Spa Area. Except for service animals for the
physically impaired, animals are not allowed in the
The maximum number of bathers in the pool at any one time shall
not exceed a number determined by the following formula:
SWIMMING POOL MAXIMUM BATHING LOAD (SPMBL)
here to view image
A = Total area of water surface in square feet.
S = Area of pool less than 5.5 feet deep in square feet.
*Note: This formula will be used in determining certain
features of pools as noted elsewhere in these Rules and Regulation.
Bather load requirements shall not apply to Class D Wading
pools, Class C Special Purpose pools or Class E Therapy pools/Spas.
Bather load requirements for Class C, Special Purpose pools,
shall be determined on a case-by-case basis by the Department.
Bather load requirements for Class F spas shall be based on one
(1) bather for every 10 square feet of water surface.
When applicable the maximum bather load shall be conspicuously
posted at the entrance of the facility and shall not be exceeded.
Pool/Spa. Floating scum, sputum or debris shall not be allowed to
accumulate in the pool. Water levels in pools with skimmers shall be maintained
and operated to remove such material continuously. The bottom and sides of the
pool shall be cleaned as often as necessary to maintain a condition of
cleanliness. The sides and bottom of pools, decks and other surfaces shall be
kept free of slime and algae. Procedures for disinfection and management of
fecal accidents are located in Appendix C.
Cleaning and Maintenance of
Pool/Spa and the Facility. All parts of the pool/spa and related
pool/spa facilities and equipment shall be maintained in good repair. Floors
shall be kept free from cracks and other defects. Walls, ceilings, partitions,
doors, lockers and similar surfaces and equipment shall be refmished as often
as necessary to be kept in a state of good repair. Pool/spa surfaces including
but not limited to tile, plaster and/or paint shall be maintained in good
Records. Operational records shall be kept on forms provided by the
Department. Records shall be retained by the pool owner/manager for review upon
request by the Department.
At all reasonable times, representatives of the
Department shall have access to, and are hereby empowered to enter the premises
of any public pool or other related facility and to makejnspections to
determine whether the provisions of these Rules and Regulations of the
Department are being complied with. Results of inspections shall be recorded on
Department forms which summarize the requirements of these Rules and
Regulations. The completed inspection report shall specify a reasonable period
of time for correction of any violation found.
All violations of critical items shall be corrected within 10
days following the inspection. A follow-up inspection will be conducted to
All other items should be corrected as soon as possible, but in
any event by the time of the next routine inspection unless the violation
involves construction as addressed in Section XXIV, Existing pools/Spas.
Any public pool is to be closed by the owner whenever the
following conditions exist;
pool is being operated without a valid permit from the Department;
2. Any critical item is noted on the
3. Any required
safety equipment is missing or any violation Section XX;
4. The mandatory chemical operation
parameters are not in compliance as indicated in Appendix A;
5. An imminent health hazard as determined by
6. A suspected
water-borne outbreak is reported to the Department;
When the time limits have been exceeded
for the correction, repair, or replacement of defective, missing or unapproved
In the case of voluntary pool closure, one or more signs shall
be posted conspicuously stating "Pool Closed" or "No Swimming" or similar
When the owner fails to close a facility, the Department shall
close the facility and post "CLOSED" sign(s). When closed by the Department,
the facility shall not reopen until an inspection has been conducted by the
Department indicating compliance.
Communicable Disease. No
person suffering from an open cut, rash, skin lesion, or any skin disease or
any possible communicable disease transmitted via water shall be permitted to
patronize the pool. No person having a communicable disease shall work at any
pool in a function in which there is a likelihood that they will transmit the
disease to any other person.
Bather Clothing. Only clothing designed for use in swimming shall
be allowed in the pool. Cutoffs shall not be worn in the pool unless hemmed.
Street shoes are not allowed in the water. Children should not be allowed in
the pool or wading pool with disposable diapers unless covered with plastic
Facility Closure or
A pool or other related facility for which no operation
permit is in effect and which is not in use for two (2) weeks or longer shall
be covered, drained, ormaintained by the owner in a condition which prevents
creating a hazard to health or safety. If drained, care should be taken to
ensure that the facility is not damaged by subsurface hydro-static pressure and
that access by animals and humans is restricted.
If a public swimming pool/spa is to be permanently closed, the
pool/spa shall be filled in or removed and the water and drainage connections
removed. Written notification must be made to the Department. Any public
swimming pool/spa left in a state of disrepair or out of service for more than
one (1) swimming season shall be drained and secured so as to not create an
imminent health hazard or nuisance.
Food Service Operations. Any
food service operations conducted at the pool facility shall meet the current
Arkansas Department of Health Rule and Regulations Pertaining to Food Service
Winterizing. All equipment shall be properly winterized, if and when the
pool/spa is closed for operation at the end of the season. When the pool/spa is
closed all gates shall be locked. A means to completely drain all piping and
equipment shall be provided.
Transfer of Ownership. Each holder of a permit for operation shall
notify the Department in writing upon sale, lease, or other transfer of
responsibility for the facility and shall supply the Department with the name
and address of the new owner/operator.
ANNUAL PERMIT FOR
Annual Permit for
No municipality, person, firm, corporation,
organization, or institution shall operate, maintain or permit
the use of any public swimming pool or other water related facilities without a
written permit from the State Health Officer or authorized
Prior to approval of the application for permit, the Department
shall inspect the proposed facility to determine compliance with these rules
and regulations. The department shall issue a permit to the applicant if the
inspection reveals that the facility is in compliance with the requirements of
the rules and regulations. Each permit shall expire December 31 following the
date of issue.
Applications for renewal of permits for existing public
swimming pools will be mailed to the operator prior to January 1 of each
The annual permit fee to operate a public swimming pool shall
be twenty-five dollars ($25.00), due and payable January 1 and each January 1
If a public swimming pool and a food service establishment are
owned and operated at the same location by a common individual, corporation,
firm or other entity, the annual swimming pool permit fee shall be ten dollars
($10.00), due and payable January 1.
The permit fee shall be paid to the Department before the
permit is issued. The permit shall be kept and displayed in a conspicuous
manner, properly framed, at the pool for which it is issued.
Suspension and Revocation of
Permit. Failure to comply with these regulations or failure to maintain
equipment and facilities in good condition will be cause to immediately suspend
this permit until such time the condition, which caused the suspension, has
been corrected. Continuing violations of these regulations will be cause for
the permit to be revoked by the State Health Officer or his authorized
representative after a legal hearing as provided for in the Administrative
Procedures Act. Ark. Code annotated
EXISTING POOLS/SPAS. All existing pools/spas which are not in
compliance with these regulations at the effective date shall be exempt from
compliance with those construction provisions which do not pertain directly to
health and safety of the patrons. All pools/spas, when remodeled, shall comply
with all applicable provisions pertinent to the renovation, unless a variance
is granted by the Department. Any variance shall be granted in writing for a
specific time period.
NEW PRODUCT APPROVAL AND ACCEPTANCE
Submission of Technical Data. The manufacturer or
other sponsor proposing an alternative equipment, product, or material for use
in pools/spas shall make a written request to the Department for acceptance of
the equipment, product or material by the Department. Technical information as
required by the Department to complete its review shall be submitted. Such
information is typically as follows:
Equipment and Material Items.
Technical documents, including approval or acceptance by other states,
NSF approval information describing the proposed product and including catalog
cut sheets, drawings, specifications, and promotional literature shall be
Products. Technical documents including information on chemical
formulation, toxicity and efficacy studies and date. EPA registration
manufacturer's proposed use and_directions for and promotional literature shall
OTHER RELATED REGULATIONS
All pools and other related facilities shall comply with all
appropriate State Laws and Rules Regulations, including but not limited to the
* ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH RULES AND REGULATIONS
PERTAINING TO GENERAL SANITATION.
* ACT 402 OF 1977 AND ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH RULES AND
REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO SEWAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEMS, DESIGNATED REPRESENTATIVES,
* ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH RULES AND REGULATIONS
PERTAINING TO PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM.
* ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH RULES AND REGULATIONS
PERTAINING TO FOOD SERVICE ESTABLISHMENTS.
* ARKANSAS PLUMBING CODE.
* ARKANSAS GAS CODE
* ARKANSAS STATE MECHANICAL CODE
* ARKANSAS STATE LICENSING LAW FOR CONTRACTORS (ACT 50, AS
SEVERABILITY. If any provisions of these Rules and Regulations,
or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid,
such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of these
Rules applications, and to this end the provisions hereto are declared to be
REPEAL. All Regulations and parts of Regulations in conflict herewith
are hereby repealed.
PENALTY CLAUSE. Any person operating a public swimming pool who
fails or refuses to comply with any of the provisions of these rules and
Regulations or otherwise operates a swimming pool in violation of this Act or
Rules and Regulations shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction
shall be fined not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) and not more than five
hundred dollars ($500.00) for each offense and each day after sufficient notice
has been given shall constitute a separate offense.