Current through Register Vol. 2022, No. 3, March, 2022
AUTHORITY. The following Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Swimming
Pools and Other Related Facilities are duly adopted and promulgated by the
Arkansas State Board of Health Pursuant to the authority expressly conferred by
the Laws of the State of Arkansas including without limitation, Act 96 of 1913,
as amended (A.C.A.
), and Act 623 of 1987, as amended (A.C.A.
PURPOSE. To protect the health of the citizens of Arkansas by
establishing criteria for the design, operation and maintenance of public
swimming pools and other related facilities.
* Abbreviations (technical) include:
"DE" means diatomaceous earth "fps" means feet per second
"gpm" means gallons per minute "ppm" means parts per
* Alteration/Renovation means replacement of any
portion of the recirculation system including pool/spa plumbing or perimeter
overflow/skimmer equipment, pumps, filters, or disinfection units, or
modification of the physical structure of the pool or spa, or any change that
would not conform to the original specifications. This does not include repair
of small sections of pipes due to leaking, or maintenance activities such as
painting, plastering or acid washing.
* ANSI means the American National Standard
* Anti-entrapment Drain or Cover means a drain
with a raised cover or design which allows horizontal flow of water into the
drain rather than a vertical flow. The purpose of the design is to prevent the
dangerous suction effect on a body, limb, hair entanglement or physical object
which may come in contact with the drain.
* APSP means Association of Pool and Spa
* Automatic Controllers means integrated
electrical/electronic equipment, connected to chemical feed equipment which
continuously monitors and controls the pH level and chorine/bromine residual of
swimming pool water.
* Backflow Preventer means a device used to
protect a water supply from contamination or pollution.
* Backwash means the process of thoroughly
cleansing the filter media and/or elements and the contents of the filter
* Barrier means a wall, building, fence or any
combination of these which control access to the pool area. This barrier shall
be of such construction as to provide reasonable protection for the safety of
* Break Point Chlorination means the process of
adding enough free chlorine to chemically oxidize and remove combined chlorine
(chloramines) from pool or spa water. Commonly referred to as "shocking" a
pool. The additional free chlorine amount needed is typically calculated: ten
(10) times the combine chlorine (CC) amount minus the existing free chlorine
(FC) residual. (10 x CC) - (FC) = amount of additional chlorine needed to shock
* Cartridge Filter means a filter that utilizes a
porous material as its media.
* CDC means Center for Disease Control and
* Chlorine Demand means the materials in the water
which use up chlorine such as bacteria, algae, dirt, leaves and swimmer wastes.
The chlorine demand must be satisfied before a chlorine residual is available
to disinfect the pool water.
* Chlorine Residual means the chlorine level in
the water after the chlorine demand has been satisfied. The free chorine
residual is the true measure of potential chlorine disinfection and is the
active chlorine that kills bacteria and algae. The active form of chlorine in
water is known as Hypochlorous Acid.
* Combined Chlorine means the amount of chlorine
that has reacted with the organic substances in the water, forming compounds
known as chloramines.
* Controlled Limited-Use Spa means any spa where
access to the spa unit is strictly controlled by the management by one or more
of the following:
1. Location of the
unit, e.g., installed in individual rooms with sleeping accommodations or on
decks for individual units such as cabins
2. The number of patrons allowed to use the
spa at any one time, e.g. in massage therapy, wellness centers or similar
operations with supervised use
Locked control panels where use of the spa must be scheduled through the
4. Limiting the hours of
use, e.g., in retirement centers
* Coping means the covering which joins the top of
the pool wall with the decking and is considered part of the deck.
* Critical Item as stated in Act 623 of 1987 as
amended, means those aspects of operation or conditions of facilities or
equipment, which, if in violation constitute the greatest hazards to health and
safety, including imminent health hazard. Any pool may be subject to immediate
closure whenever a critical item(s) are noted. These include:
1. Restriction of employees with
2. Approved water supply,
hot and cold running water under pressure
3. Sewage, liquid waste disposal
4. No cross connection, back
6. Excessive turbidity
7. Failure to maintain proper chemical
8. Failure or lack of
filtration, sanitizing and cleaning equipment and chemicals
9. Absence or lack of required supervisory
* Cross Connection means any physical arrangement
1. A potable water system
directly or indirectly, with anything other than another potable water system:
2. Pool water to any potable or
nonpotable water source capable of contaminating either the pool water, its
components, or portable water source due to backflow.
* Dead Spots means places in the pool/spa where
filtered/disinfected water does not reach because of poor circulation.
* Department means the Arkansas Department of
Health or, where required, employees authorized by the Department.
* Diatomaceous Earth (DE) means the type of filter
medium that is obtained from the fossil remains of microscopic marine organisms
and that is used in a thin coating over the filter septa.
* Fill-and-Draw Pool or Spa means a pool or spa
which is drained, cleaned and refilled after each individual use.
* Filter means a device that separates solid
particles from pool water by recirculating through a porous substance (filter
media or cartridge element).
* Filter Media means the fine material which
entraps suspended particles from the water. These include sand, DE and sand/DE
* Filter Septa means that part of the filter
element consisting of cloth, wire, screen or other porous material on which DE
or similar media are deposited.
* General Public means all people without
* Hose Bibb means a water faucet with male screw
threads for attaching a hose.
* Hydrostatic Relief Valve means a device used to
relieve ground water pressure imposed on the outer shell of the pool. These are
usually installed in the main drain(s).
* Imminent Health Hazard means any condition,
deficiency, or practice which, if not corrected, is very likely to result in
illness, injury or loss of life to any person.
* Inlet means the fitting or opening through which
filtered water enters the pool.
* Lifeguard means an individual who has
demonstrated competency in water safety and lifesaving. The pool owner shall
* Main Drain means the outlet(s) at the bottom
portion of the pool or spa. These outlets are suction outlets connected to the
* Maximum Flow Rate means the maximum filtration
rate times the square footage of filter provided, i.e., GPM/sq. ft. x sq. ft.
of filter area=GPM.
* Minimum Flow Rate means the least flow of water
measured in gpm through the water treatment system that must be maintained to
provide adequate treatment. GPM is calculated by dividing the volume of the
pool, in gallons, by the required turnover time, in minutes.
* NSF means the National Sanitation Foundation.
* Overflow System means perimeter type overflow,
surface skimmers and surface water collection systems of various design and
* Perimeter Overflow means a gutter or trough
around the inside of the pool walls, with the overflow lip effecting a skimming
action to clean the pool water surface.
* Person means any individual, partnership, firm,
corporation, agency, municipality, state or political subdivision, or the
federal government and its agencies and departments.
* pH means the measure of the degree of acid or alkaline
qualities a solution possesses, as determined by its hydrogen ion content. A pH
below 7.0 is considered acid; a pH of 7.0 is considered neutral; a pH above 7.0
is considered alkaline.
* Pool Area means the water surface and deck
* Pool Deck means the paved area around the pool
including the coping.
* Pool Operator means the person or persons
responsible for the daily maintenance and operation of the pool or other
* Pool/Spa Depth means the distance between the
floor of the pool and the normal operating water level when the pool or spa is
* Precoat Pot means a hopper with a valved
connection to the suction side of the recirculation pump of pressure DE filter
systems that are used for coating the filter media prior to filtering water
through the system.
* Public Swimming Pool as stated in Act 623 of
1987, as amended, means a structure of all man-made materials, located either
indoors or outdoors, used for bathing or swimming, together with buildings,
appurtenances, and equipment used in connection therewith. Included are
spa-type, wading, special purpose pools or water recreation attractions
including but not limited to those operated at apartment buildings,
municipalities, counties, institutions, schools, motels, hotels, and mobile
home parks to which admission may be gained with or without payment of a fee.
This definition shall not apply to private pools at single-family
For the purposes of this regulation, public swimming pools have
been categorized into the following classes:
* Class A Pool means any pool
intended for, or used by, the general public for recreational use, owned and
operated by any person, firm corporation, institution, association, club or any
political subdivision of the State of Arkansas.
* Class B Pool means any pool not open to the
general public, but open rather to a limited group, such as institutions,
schools, child care facilities, resident subdivisions or similar developments,
camps, day camps, recreational facilities, or pools of similar usage and type.
Or any pool whose use is restricted to residents, members or registered guests,
including but not limited to hotels, motels, apartments, trailer parks/mobile
home parks, churches and condominiums. Also included are country clubs, YWCA or
YMCA health or athletic clubs, and pools of similar type and usage.
* Class C Special Purpose Pool means any pool
whose design and/or use is significantly different from a swimming pool. This
includes, but is not limited to water recreation attractions, scuba pools, zero
depth entry pools, instructional pools, water slides, spray grounds and spray
pools. Or any pool intended for use for accredited competitive aquatic events
such as Federation International de Natation Amateur (FINA), U.S. Swimming,
U.S. Diving, National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), National
Federation of State High School Associations (NFSHSA), etc. The pool may also
be used for recreation.
* Class D Wading Pool means a small pool for
non-swimming children with a maximum depth not greater than 24 inches.
* Class E Therapy Pools/Spas means any treatment
spa/pool and special spas/pools for water therapy. Fill-and-drain water therapy
spas used for treatment of athletes or other medical treatment purposes are
exempt from these rules and regulations.
* Class F Spas means any commercial
whirlpool, hot tub, or spa designed for recreation, or relaxation use, in
combination with hydrojet circulation, air induction systems, or other
circulation systems using hot, cold, or ambient water temperature. These
facilities have a maximum water depth of four (4) feet and are not used for
swimming or diving. This section does not apply to fill-and-draw spas, which
are drained, cleaned and refilled after each individual use.
Spas operated in connection with Bed & Breakfast facilities
with less than 6 sleeping rooms and/or less than 10 guests are exempt from
these rules and regulations.
Controlled, limited use spas shall be considered Special
Purpose spas and will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
* Private Residential Pool means any individually
owned swimming pool which is built in connection with a single-family residence
the use of which shall be confined to the family of the owner and his guests.
This shall not include any type of cooperative housing or joint tenancy of two
or more families, and shall be located within the same property boundary as the
family dwelling building to which it serves.
* Rate-of-Flow Indicator means a device installed
on the pool recirculation piping or backwash line to indicate recirculation
flow of the pool or backwash flow in gallons per minute.
* Readily Accessible means an item or device that
is capable of being reached and utilized quickly for operation, safety or
inspection purposes without requiring those to whom use is essential to climb
over, remove obstacles, and search for intended item/device, or anything else
that requires undo time to utilize.
* Scuba Pool means a special purpose pool designed
with the intent of training scuba divers.
* Serious Injury means any injury: Requiring
emergency service response where a person needs medical treatment as determined
by the emergency response personnel; and/or resulting in a person seeking
medical attention at a hospital emergency room or admission to a
* Spray pool/Spray ground means an artificial pool
for use by children into which water is sprayed but is not allowed to pond in
the bottom of the pool.
* Stabilizer (Cyanuric Acid) means a chemical that
helps prolong the useful life of chlorine in the water by slowing down chlorine
loss due to sunlight.
* Surface Skimmer means a device used to remove
surface debris from the pool over a self-adjusting weir.
* Surge Tank means a tank receiving the gravity
flow water from the overflow gutter and main drain(s) from which the
recirculation pump takes suction. This may also be referred to as a balance
* Turbidity means a cloudy condition of the water
due to the presence of extremely fine particulate materials in suspension that
interfere with the passage of light.
* Turnover means the period of time (usually in
hours) required to circulate a volume of water equal to the pool capacity. The
turnover rate is the number of times a quantity of water equal to the pool
capacity passes through the filters within a stated time (usually turnovers per
* UL means Underwriters Laboratory.
* Water Recreation Attraction means a swimming
facility open to the general public with design and operational features that
provides patron recreational activity which is different from that associated
with a conventional swimming pool in that the purpose fully involves immersion
of the body partially or totally in the water. Water recreation attractions
include, but are not limited to, water amusement lagoons, water slides and wave
* Water Slide means a special purpose facility
which consists of one or more flumes, a plunge pool, pump reservoir,
filtration, disinfection and chemical treatment facilities.
person, firm, corporation, institution, association, club, or governmental
agency operating, maintaining or constructing a swimming pool or related
facility included herein shall be responsible for compliance with these
REVIEW AND CONSTRUCTION.
Plans Required. Before work is commenced on any new construction, any
alteration of any existing pool, spa or water recreation attraction, complete
and detailed plans and specifications shall be submitted in triplicate to the
Arkansas Department of Health. Specific plan requirements are available upon
request. Plans for all Class A pools or other pools as determined by the
Department shall be prepared by a professional engineer. All work shall be
performed in compliance with the Arkansas State Licensing Law for Contractors
and laws of the Arkansas Board of Registration for Professional Engineers.
Preliminary plans shall be submitted for review and design evaluation on all
Class C pools (special purpose pools).
Structural Design Not Reviewed.
The review of the plans and specifications does not include structural
design or structural stability of any part of the pool construction.
Deviation From Plans. No part
of the work shall be undertaken until the Department has granted written
approval of said plans. No deviations from the approved plans shall be made
unless the proposed changes have been submitted to, and approved by, the
Arkansas Department of Health.
Final Construction Inspection.
No newly constructed or renovated
public pool or other related facility shall be placed into operation until a
final inspection of the facility has been conducted and written authorization
to operate is issued by the Department. Notification to the Department shall be
made not less than ten (10) days prior to the need for a final construction
inspection. In addition to the final inspection, the local Department
representative shall be notified at the start of construction and shall be
notified to inspect the piping in place prior to covering.
The final construction inspection shall be made by a Department
representative(s) in the presence of the pool owner and/or pool builder or pool
designer to ascertain that the pool was constructed in accordance with the
Instructions For Operation. Upon completion of the pool or other
related facility, the builder shall provide the owner and/or his operator(s)
with complete written and oral instructions on the operation of the pool and
all equipment, on the chemistry of pool water, and on specific details
concerning the maintenance of the equipment. The builder shall supply complete
manufacturer's information on each of the component parts of the recirculation,
filtration, and disinfection systems.
General. The water supply
for all pools, bather preparation facilities, water recreation attractions and
drinking water facilities included as adjuncts to the pool shall meet the
Arkansas Department of Health Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Public Water
Fountains. All drinking water shall be dispensed from angle jet
fountains equipped with a protective mouth guard or from a single-service
container. A suitable protective container must be provided for dispensing the
No piping arrangements shall exist which, under any conditions, will
permit sewage or wastewater to enter the recirculation system or will permit
water from the recirculation system or pool to enter the make-up water
Water (Excessive Turbidity). The water must be sufficiently clear to
plainly view the main drain(s) from the deck of the pool at all times when the
pool is open. The viewer must be able to clearly distinguish the type, shape
and number of gratings of the main drains when standing at the edge of the pool
deck nearest that main drain.
Pool/Spa Water Chemistry. The water in all pools/spas shall meet
the mandatory chemical parameters indicated in Appendix B for free and combined
chlorine or bromine, pH, total alkalinity and, where stabilizer (cyanuric acid)
Water Quality. The Department shall take samples for bacterial analysis
for each pool whenever a suspected water borne illness is reported. Any such
sample shall be analyzed for E. coli bacteria in accordance with approved
drinking water standard methods. The presence of any E. coli bacteria will
indicate unsatisfactory water quality and the pool or other related facility
shall be closed until a satisfactory water sample can be obtained. Procedures
for disinfection and management of fecal accidents are provided in Appendix D.
Other samples may be collected based on recommendations of the CDC.
Testing and Sampling of Pool Water.
Chemical water quality testing shall be conducted by the pool operator
at such intervals as required by the Department. Water chemistry tests will
also be made by an authorized employee of the Department at the time of
inspection. This does not preclude a facility from utilizing testing facilities
provided by a pool service company.
Make Up Water Facilities.
All water shall enter the pool through one of the following:
1. An over-the-rim fill spout with an air gap
2 lA times the pipe diameter above
the pool coping level. The fill spout shall be rigid and properly located or
shielded so as not to create a safety hazard . The open end should have no
sharp edges and should not extend more than two inches beyond the edge of the
pool. The fill spout can be designed to be detachable and the plumbing plugged
to prevent a trip hazard.
automatic water fill control with a manual over-ride may be provided to
maintain the water level in the pool/spa at the proper level. The water supply
must be protected at all time from backflow. An approved backflow preventer
installation consists of a reduced pressure zone (RPZ) backflow preventer which
has been accepted by the Department and the State Board of Plumbing and which
is installed where it is readily accessible for inspection and maintenance. The
RPZ must be protected from freezing temperature wherever installed-under
buildings, inside buildings, or in an insulated box manufactured for
maintenance purposes for the RPZ-ample room is required for testing and/or
maintenance. If installed out in the open, it shall be the responsibility of
the plumbing contractor and/or the owner as the case may be, to provide proper
A hose bibb
equipped with vacuum breaker.
If make-up water is added to the surge tank, through the
pool/spa recirculation piping, or through a dedicated fill line which allows
water to enter at the pool water level then the installation must comply with
the above requirements for backflow prevention.
The sewer system for all pools/spas shall comply with the
The sewer system shall have sufficient capacity to serve the facility,
including bathhouse, locker rooms, toilets, and related
Connection. There shall be no direct physical connection between the
sewer system and any drain from the pool/spa or circulation system. Any
pool/spa deck drain, backwash or overflow from the circulation system, when
discharged to the sewer system, storm drain, or other approve natural drainage
course, shall be discharged through a suitable air gap so as to preclude the
possibility of backflow of sewage or waste water into the pool/spa or piping
Disposal Systems. The sanitary sewer servicing the pool and auxiliary
facilities shall discharge to a public sewer system wherever possible and in
accordance with applicable requirements. Where no such sewer is available the
connection shall be made to a suitable waste water treatment system which has
been designed and constructed and is operated and maintained in accordance with
all the current Arkansas Department of Health Rules and Regulations Pertaining
To Individual Sewage Disposal Systems, Designated Representatives and
Installers. An on-site sewage disposal system permit shall be approved before
pool construction can begin. Filter backwash and pool drainage shall not be
discharged into an onsite sewage disposal system.
POOL AND POOL AREA
Location. An outdoor pool location shall be evaluated during the design
phase to reduce exposure to excessive pollution by dust, smoke, leaves or other
potential sources of contamination. The pool/spa shall be located so that
drainage from the surrounding area will not wash contamination into the
pool/spa during rains. Gutters from buildings adjacent to the pool/spa area
shall not discharge onto the pool deck.
General. Pools, spas, and
related facilities shall be constructed of concrete or other approved material,
with a white or light colored finish. Materials shall be inert, non-toxic to
man, impervious, permanent, and enduring. Materials must withstand the design
stresses with an adequate factor of safety. Materials must provide a
water-tight tank with a smooth and easy to clean surface or to which a smooth,
easy to clean finish can be applied.
Approved Pool Materials.
Approved pool materials include, but are not limited to: concrete,
stainless steel wall with concrete bottom, or fiberglass wall with a concrete
bottom. Concrete may be required behind the walls of fiberglass wall panel
pools if the bracing system is determined to be inadequate for support. Vinyl
on sand, earth, or material other than concrete shall not be permitted in pool,
spas, or water recreational attractions. Vinyl liners may be installed over
existing approved construction materials as a method of repair.
Approved Spa Materials.
Approved spa materials include any of the approved pool materials or
one-piece fiberglass or acrylic prefabricated units. Other materials will be
evaluated on a case-by-case basis per Section XXV.
Safety Ledges. Safety ledges
are not permitted in pools constructed after the effective date of these
regulations or when the shell is remodeled after the effective date of these
Shape, Design, and Slopes.
Pools shall be designed and constructed of such shape
and contour so that efficient and safe control of the pool and bathers can be
accomplished. The pool bottom shall have definite slopes to the outlet.
Minimum standard pool dimensions and slopes are defined in
Figures 1, 2, 3, and Chart A in Appendix A. The minimum dimensions on "No
Diving" pools may be reduced if adequate justification is provided on a
detailed site plan during the plan review process. Whenever the size of the
pool is reduced the Department may increase the turnover requirements to insure
adequate recirculation/filtration/and disinfection and specify certain safety
requirements such as adequate "No Diving" signage.
Competition Pools. These
shall meet the design standards of the appropriate accreditation association
and/or these rules and regulations as determined by the Department.
Wading Pools, Spray Pools And Spas.
The bottom shall slope not less than three (3) inches in ten (10) feet
toward the drains, nor more than six (6) inches in ten (10) feet toward the
No obstructions such as excessively raised drains, steps or
concrete appurtenances on which children may fall or become injured shall be
placed in the wading pool or spray pool area. This does not preclude the
installation of water features such as water spray devices. Design features
shall be reviewed during preliminary review with the Department.
minimum plunge pool operating water depth at the slide flume terminus shall be
three (3) feet. This depth shall be maintained for a minimum distance often
(10) feet in front the slide terminus from which point the plunge pool may have
a constant upward slope to allow a minimum water depth of two (2) feet at the
base of the steps. The floor slope shall not exceed one (1) foot in ten (10)
feet. The slide flume shall terminate at or six (6) inches below normal water
operating level. The slide flume shall be perpendicular to the plunge pool wall
for a minimum length of ten (10) feet at the exit end of the flume(s). The
minimum distance between any plunge poolside wall and the outer edge of any
slide flume terminus shall be four (4) feet.
All sections of the flume shall be properly formed and sealed
together so as to prevent possible abrasions or injuries.
Water Recreation Attractions,
Special Purpose Pools, Controlled, Limited Use Spas, Therapy Pools/Spas.
Special consultation with the Department is necessary in order that
consideration can be given to concepts of design variations and to areas where
potential problems may exist. Therefore, prior to preparation and submission of
engineering plans and specifications, the design engineer shall consult with
the Department to ensure the Department has a complete understanding and agrees
to the design concepts of the project. Preliminary design plans shall be
submitted for review.
Walk Areas (Pool Deck)
General. Walk areas shall extend entirely around the perimeter of
the pool. Walks shall be constructed of concrete or other approved material and
kept in good repair. The walks shall be adequately drained by sloping at least
one-fourth inch per foot away from the pool. New products used on or as pool
decks shall be reviewed per Section XXV.
Deck Drains. Deck drains must
be installed where necessary to prevent standing water on the deck. All deck
drainage must be "to waste" and not be filtered or returned to the pool. The
deck drain grates shall be removable to facilitate the cleaning of the
Use Of Carpet.
The use of carpet on indoor or outdoor pool/spa facilities is
Poolside tables and chairs or other equipment should not
obstruct the deck areas. The minimum widths for each type of pool are listed.
Walk Area Requirement
Pool with diving board - water surface
of 3,000 sq. ft. or
..........4 feet behind board
Pool with diving board - water surface
greater than 3000 square feet................
.........8 feet behind board
Wading Pool or Spray pool..................
.........4 feet except at exit side where the
walk shall be a minimum of 10 feet
..........4 feet around 50% of the spa
Water Recreation Attractions................
..........As determined by the Dept.
Special Purpose Pools........................
..........As determined by the Dept.
Head Room. There shall be a
minimum of thirteen feet of unobstructed head room above the level of the
Ventilation. All indoor pool/spa enclosures must be properly ventilated
to prevent the accumulation of moisture. Ventilation shall meet the
requirements of the current Arkansas State Mechanical Code.
Area Lighting. The following
requirements shall be met whenever the pool is in operation. Area lighting
shall be provided at all pools/spas. A minimum of 5-foot candles per square
foot of pool area shall be provided. Where underwater lighting is not used the
area lighting shall provide not less than 10-foot candles per square foot of
pool area. When the pool is not in operation, security lighting is
The arrangement and design of the area lighting shall be such that
personnel may clearly observe every part of the pool, diving boards, and other
walk areas. Lights shall be so installed as to create no hazards to
lights. Where underwater lights are used, not less than 0.5 watts per
square foot of pool water surface area shall be provided.
Hose Connections. Sufficient
hose connections of adequate size and water pressure and equipped with vacuum
breakers shall be provided for cleaning all of the pool area.
Steps, Benches and Ladders.
General. Steps, benches and
ladders shall be of an impervious material and of such design that they can be
easily cleaned. They shall be so designed and constructed that no water is left
on them when the water level in the pool is lower than the steps. The steps
must have a non-skid surface. Permanent black or dark colored edge stripes or
tiles must mark the steps. Handrails shall be provided for all steps. When
figure 4 type handrails are used for spa steps, they may be mounted to the
deck. The ladders must be readily removable. All pool benches or other
underwater design features must be clearly marked on the vertical and
horizontal faces or edges.
Placement and Minimum Number. One ladder shall be provided for
each 75 feet of pool perimeter. On "No Diving" pools, with a maximum depth of 5
lA feet, one ladder may be deleted
provided that steps with handrails are installed in the shallow end of the pool
or if the pool has zero depth entry. Pools with diving boards or wells shall
have two ladders placed in the diving end.
Sand Beaches or Landscape Area in
Access. Sand beaches or landscape areas shall not be located inside of
the pool enclosure unless an approved barrier to prevent access on the part of
the bathers is provided. If access is allowed to such areas, satisfactory
facilities shall be provided for the proper cleansing of bathers before they
again enter the bathing areas. This may include the installation of foot
Design Review. Design of these facilities shall be submitted in the
preliminary stages for consultation with the Department in order that
consideration can be given to areas where potential maintenance or safety
problems may exist.
Foot Baths. The use of footbaths is prohibited. This does not
preclude the use of foot showers, provided the area is well drained away from
RECIRCULATION SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT.
General. All pools, spas, or
other related facilities shall be equipped with a circulation system consisting
of at least a pump or pumps, hair and lint strainer(s), piping, a filter or
filters, water treatment and disinfecting equipment and other accessory
equipment. All system components shall meet the latest requirements of Standard
50 of the National Sanitation Foundation and shall bear their seal of approval.
Pumps larger than those reviewed by NSF Testing Standards or Underwriters
Laboratory (UL) shall be considered on a case-by-case basis.
The capacity of
the circulation system, when operating at the maximum allowable head loss on
the filters, shall be sufficient to recirculate and disinfect the entire volume
of the pool, spa, or other facility water as follows:
Existing Construction: 8 hours (pools built prior to
New Construction: 6 hours (see Section XI.B.l)
Water Slide or Therapy Pool
Turnover rate for other water recreation attractions or special
purpose pools shall be determined by the Department during the design review
Separation. Wading pool or spa water shall not be interconnected with
any other pool and all wading pools/spas shall have a separate recirculating
system consisting of a filter, pump, piping and disinfection equipment. Where
multiple pools are designed with common recirculation equipment, i.e. water
recreation attractions, the minimum turnover rate for the pools shall be
determined during the preliminary review process.
Therapy or Jet Systems. The
return lines of spa jet or spa/therapy systems shall be independent of the
recirculation-filtration and heating system.
A pump or pumps
shall be provided with adequate capacity for the required number of turnovers
of swimming pool/spa water as specified in Section IX B, and whenever possible
shall be so located as to eliminate the need for priming. If the pump or
suction piping is located above the overflow level of the pool/spa, the pump
shall be self-priming.
The pump shall be capable of providing a flow adequate for
backwashing filters. Under normal conditions, the pump or pumps shall supply
the required circulation rate of flow to obtain the turnover rate required at a
total dynamic head of at least:
45 feet for all vacuum filters
40 feet for pressure type sand filters
50 feet for pressure type DE or cartridge filters
40 feet total head for vacuum type DE filters with 20 inches of
vacuum on the suction side.
Note: When the recirculation equipment is installed below pool
level, these head rates may be increased.
Pump Strainer. The
circulation system shall include a strainer installed on the suction side of
the pump to prevent hair, lint, and other debris from reaching the pump.
Strainers shall be corrosion resistant with openings not more than % inch in
size, and shall provide a free flow area at least four times the cross-section
area of the pump station line and be readily accessible for cleaning. A spare
strainer basket should be provided.
be constructed of non-toxic material, shall be able to withstand the maximum
internal and external operating temperatures and shall be designed to minimize
friction loss. All plastic pipe used shall be NSF approved and shall be
schedule 40 or greater. All valves and piping shall be appropriately labeled
and identified as to its purpose.
Pool piping shall be supported to preclude possible settlement,
which would provide either dirt traps or air pockets.
The flow velocity in the pressure piping shall not exceed ten
(10) feet per second. The flow velocity in suction piping shall not exceed six
(6) feet per second.
Design calculations shall be required for projects greater than
3000 square feet of water surface.
should be provided at such points in the recirculation system so as to allow
obstructions and/or accumulations to be readily removed.
General. All facilities
shall be provided with a main outlet at the deepest point to permit the
facility to be completely and easily drained. Openings must be covered by
Flow Rate. The main drain(s) shall be designed for a flow rate based on
a minimum 30% of the total flow in gpm, not to exceed the maximum allowable
filtration rate and shall not exceed the drain cover flow rating.
Hydrostatic Relief Valves.
Each main drain shall be equipped with a hydrostatic relief valve except
for spas/pools installed above ground level or if the spa/pool contains
sidewall main drains. A sump pump or other approved method of removing ground
water from under the pool shell shall be required on any below grade spa/pool
that has sidewall main drains.
Spa Suction Fittings. On a spa, the main drain outlets shall be
designed as with dual suction fittings which have equal pipe
diameter sizes. The system shall be designed so that neither of the main drain
outlets can be cut out of the suction line by a valve or other means. The jet
system for spas shall be equipped with two suction fittings of approved
The combined areas of the openings of the grating shall be
at least 4 times the area of the main outlet pipe and have sufficient area so
that the maximum velocity of the water passing through the grate does not
exceed 1 lA
ft. per second at
maximum flow. The maximum width of grate openings shall be % inch. Pools with a
single main drain not meeting the above design shall have an anti-entrapment
type cover. Dual main drains shall be required on all new construction or
renovation of pool main drain plumbing. The dual main drains must have a
minimum of three foot distance from center to center from each other.
All pool/spa outlet main drain grates, anti-entrapment covers
and inlet fittings shall have tamper-proof screws that cannot be removed except
Pool inlets shall be submerged and be located not less than six (6)
inches or more than eighteen (18) inches below normal operating water level.
Pool inlets shall be installed on a maximum of fifteen feet centers to produce
a circulation of water throughout the pool without the existence of dead spots
and to carry pool-bottom deposits to the outlets. Provisions shall be made for
adjusting the volume of flow through each inlet.
Directional Inlets. Wall
inlets shall be capable of adjusting the direction of flow and of producing
sufficient velocity to impart a substantial circulatory movement to the pool
Inlets. At least one inlet shall be located in each
recessed stairwell or other space where water circulation might be
If inlets are to be placed on the bottom of the pool, the number of
inlets shall be determined by dividing the perimeter of the pool (measured in
feet), by 15. Any fraction thereof would require 1 additional inlet. Floor
inlets shall be so designed as to not create a hazard.
Special requirements. Inlet
requirements for special designs such as zero depth entry pools shall be
evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
Wading Pools and Spas. Inlet
requirements for wading pools and spas designed for six (6) or fewer bathers
shall be one for every 50 square feet of water surface. Any additional fraction
thereof would require one (1) additional inlet.
General. All pools and other
related facilities shall be provided with an operational rate-of-flow indicator
that reads in gallons per minute (gpm). All rate-of-flow indicators shall be
installed so as to meet manufacturers' installation requirements, such as
upstream and downstream straight pipe lengths. Where the rate-of-flow indicator
is installed between the pump and the filter, periodic cleaning shall be
performed to insure accurate readings.
Backwash Flow Indicator.
Where the piping arrangement is sufficient to meet the manufacturer's
requirements for pipe lengths, a rate-of-flow indicator on the pump discharge,
between the pump and filter(s), will be provided on pools with filters that
require backwashing. The operator shall be responsible for ensuring that the
rate-of-flow indicator is functioning properly.
Overflow System Required.
All pools/spas shall be provided with a surface overflow system which
shall be an integral part of the circulation system and which shall consist of
either built-in-place gutters, prefabricated gutters, and/or recessed automatic
Combination Gutter/Skimmer System. Nothing in this section shall
preclude use of a surface overflow system which combines both a gutter and a
recessed automatic surface skimmer. All pools with a water surface greater than
3,000 square feet shall be equipped with gutters or a combination of gutters
Perimeter Overflow (Gutters).
Whenever a built-in-place perimeter
overflow system or a prefabricated perimeter overflow system is provided, it
shall be designed and installed such that:
Capacity. The system shall be capable of handling 100 percent of the
circulation flow (based upon the required turnover rate) without the overflow
troughs being flooded for any appreciable period of time.
Surge Capacity. A surge
capacity shall be provided either in the system and/or by use of a surge tank.
The total surge capacity shall be at least equal to one gallon/square foot of
swimming pool water surface area.
Water Level. The water level
of the swimming pool/spa shall be maintained at or slightly higher than the
level of the overflow rim of the perimeter overflows, except for the time
needed to transfer all of the water which may be in surge capacity back into
the swimming pool after a period of use, provided that this transfer time shall
not be greater than 20 minutes.
Overflow Gutters. Gutters shall extend entirely around the
perimeter of the pool and have the necessary slope to prevent accumulations of
debris, dirt, etc., be of ample size to carry off normal amounts of water
introduced into them, and be easily accessible for cleaning. Drainage outlets
shall be provided at least every 15 feet and shall be covered by removable
When installed, the tolerance of the overflow rim shall not exceed %
inch as measured between the highest point and the lowest point of the overflow
During non-use, the overflow system shall be capable of providing
continuous and automatic skimming action to the water at the surface of
The overflow troughs shall be installed completely around the perimeter
of the swimming pool, except at steps, recessed ladders and stairs.
Hand Hold. The exposed
surfaces of the overflow trough shall be capable of providing a firm and safe
The overflow trough shall be capable of being cleaned easily and shall
be of such configuration as to minimize accidental injury and provide for
adequate water depth marking.
Recessed Automatic Surface
Required. Whenever a recessed automatic surface skimmer is installed it
shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the current NSF standards
pertaining to recessed automatic surface skimmers.
Skimmer Design and Material.
The recessed skimmer shall be of a grade designed for commercial pools,
be of substantial, durable, reasonably corrosion resistant material and
equipped with an automatic skimmer weir and removable strainer basket and flat
lid flush with deck and securely attached at all times.
Skimmer Flow Rate. The
skimmer shall be designed for a flow rate based on a minimum 70% of the total
flow, in gpm.
Adjustment Valve. All skimmers shall have an integral trimmer
1 per 500 sq. ft.
1 per 500 sq. ft.
1 per 500 sq. ft.
2 Skimmers - Plunge Pool; 1 Skimmer-Pump
1 per 500 sq.
Skimmer quantity for other water recreation attractions or
special purpose pools shall be as determined by the Department during the
design review process.
Skimmer Location. On outdoor pools/spas the recessed automatic
surface skimmer or skimmers shall be so located as to take into consideration
the direction of prevailing winds.
Skimmer Recessed. A recessed
automatic skimmer shall not protrude into the pool.
Skimmer Weir. The weir in the
skimmer shall adjust automatically and operate freely to variations in water
level over a minimum range flow of four inches. The floating basket design is
approved in lieu of weirs.
Equalizer. Equalizer piping for skimmers is not allowed.
*Note: Minimum number of skimmers may be reduced
as determined by the Department.
XI. FILTRATION SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT.
Filter Required. All
pools/spas shall be equipped with a filtration system for the purpose of
clarifying the water. The filtration system shall be an integral part of the
circulation system and shall consist of sand-type filters, DE type filters, or
2. Design. All
filter units shall be designed and constructed in accordance with applicable
NSF/ANSI standards pertaining to swimming pool/spa filters. The filter system
shall be designed and installed with all the necessary valves and piping which
may be needed to isolate, backwash or drain an individual filter unit for
maintenance and/or repair.
System Capacity. The filtration system shall have the capacity to
meet the flow rate required for the prescribed number of turnovers without
exceeding the maximum allowable filtration rate.
Rate of Flow Control. All
filter installations shall be equipped with a rate of flow control valve (ball,
gate and other control valve types) on the discharge side of the
All filters shall be designed and installed so as to provide easy
accessibility for cleaning, operating, maintaining and servicing.
Gauges. Filters shall be
equipped with an approved pressure gauge or gauges. Vacuum filters shall be
equipped with a vacuum gauge(s).
Drainage. All filters shall be designed and installed with all the
valves and piping needed to drain the filters completely for servicing or
Provisions shall be made to bypass the filter and empty the pool water
All pressure filters shall be designed and installed with an air relief
valve or valves which shall be located at or near the high point of the filters
and be capable of being operated manually. Automatic air-relief valves on top
of the filters with manual air-relief capabilities are acceptable.
Filter Backwash. Backwash
from the filter(s) shall be piped to a sanitary sewer or other disposal method
approved by the Department. If required, a permit for the discharge shall be
obtained from the Department of Environmental Quality. In all cases of filter
backwash discharge, an air-gap shall be provided with a minimum of six (6)
inches between the discharge pipe and top of the sump or sewer piping. Both the
sump and the exit pipe shall be sized to accommodate the backwash flow. A sight
glass or other means for viewing the clarity of the backwash shall be provided.
A provision to filter to waste shall be provided.
When a sand-type
filter(s) is installed, it may be either a gravity or a pressure, or a vacuum,
sand-type filter. Options include:
rapid-rate sand-type filter, which shall be designed for filtration rates not
in excess of 3gpm/square foot of sand bed area, or
(b) high rate sand-type filter, which shall
be designed: with filtration rates not in excess of 7.5 gpm/square foot of sand
bed area on existing pools using an 8 hour turnover rate or with filtration
rates not in excess of 15 gpm/square foot of sand bed area on newly constructed
pools using a 6 hour turnover rate. All other pool/spas may utilize the
15gpm/square foot of sand bed area rate (see Section IX.B for turnover
Filter Flow Control. If a single filter unit is provided on pools
designed and constructed prior to December 2003, the pump shall be sized at 15
gpm/square foot of filter area to provide the necessary backwash flows. A valve
to control flow shall be provided to limit the normal filtration rate to 7.5
gallons per minute per square foot of filter area. Flow control valves shall be
required on existing facilities utilizing single sand filters on a 7.5 GPM/sq.
ft. rate. Any filter renovation of pools prior to 2003 will require preliminary
review to determine existing piping size and design considerations.
Multiple Filters. If two or
more filters are used to achieve the required filter area, they must be of the
Port. Internal components of the filter shall be accessible through an
inspection port as required by NSF.
Backwash. When a sand-type
filter is installed it shall be designed and installed such that it may be
backwashed at a rate of no less than 15 gpm/square foot of filter bed
Filter sand shall be hard filter silicon material free of carbonates or
other foreign material, with an effective particle size of between 0.4 and .55
mm and a uniformity coefficient not exceeding 1.75. Depth of filter sand shall
be adequate for the function intended. In no case shall it be less than 20
inches for rapid-type filters and 12 inches for high-rate type
A freeboard between the top of the filter media and the lowest draw off
point of the upper distribution system shall be provided and be of sufficient
height so no media is lost during backwash.
Diatomaceous Earth Filters.
Filter Type. When a DE type
filter is installed, it may be either a pressure or a vacuum type and it may be
designed to operate either with or without continuous slurry feed. A DE filter
with a continuous slurry feed shall be used for filtration rates not in excess
of 2.5 gpm/ square foot filter area. A DE filter which operates without
continuous slurry feed shall be used for filtration rates not in excess of 2
gpm/square foot of filter area.
When a DE filter is installed it shall be designed and
installed with provisions for cleaning by one or more of the following methods.
b) Spray Wash (Either mechanical or
The water used in cleaning a DE filter shall be discharged to
waste or other approved means.
Precoat. Precoating of the
septa shall be in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations to insure
adequate coating of DE prior to filtering water through the system. A precoat
pot may be installed on the suction side of the pump to insure adequate coating
of the filter septa. No additional precoat equipment is needed on vacuum
systems since the DE can be placed directly in the filter tank.
Filter Piping. The system
piping shall be such that during precoat procedures the filtered effluent shall
be refiltered or wasted without passing into the pool until the effluent is
clear of suspended matter.
DE Substitutes. Synthetic substitutes such as cellulose products
manufactured as DE replacements may be utilized.
General. Cartridge type
filters are permitted for use on Class E Spas or Class F Spas. Approval of
cartridge filters for use on all other classes of pools shall be on a
One extra complete set of cartridges per filter shall be
kept on the premises at all times.
Replacement of cartridge elements shall be done whenever the
requirements of Section VI B cannot be maintained.
Cleaning. Cartridge filters
must be cleaned by soaking in an approved cleaning solution and/or by pressure
Cartridge filters must filter at a rate not in excess of .375 gpm per
Other Filters. Any filters other than those described above must
be approved by the NSF and the Department as set forth in Section XXV before
they can be considered for use in the recirculation system for public swimming
General. Every pool/spa shall be equipped with a disinfectant
feeder(s) as required to maintain the microbiological, chemical and physical
characteristics of the pool/spa water within the required limits as listed in
Appendix B. The disinfectant shall provide a residual in the pool/spa water so
that it can be monitored.
Types of Feeders. Disinfectant feeders for use on public pools and
spas may be the hypochlorinator type that feeds as a liquid by positive
displacement or by a feeder that uses controlled erosion or dissolving of a
chemical by the flow through process. Feeders shall maintain a dosage
proportional to the flow. Because of serious safety considerations the use of
gas chlorine is not recommended and may not be approved. When used, the
operation must be in compliance with all state and federal safety
Disinfectants Other Than Chlorine or Bromine. Disinfectants other than
chlorine or bromine require special approval and are not to be used without
prior written permission from the Department.
Approval of Disinfectant Feeders
and Chemical Feeders. All disinfectant feeders and all chemical feeders
which are installed on pools/spas shall be designed and constructed in
accordance with applicable NSF or UL standards pertaining to disinfectant and
chemical feeding equipment for use on swimming pools and spas.
Alternate Disinfection Devices.
Any disinfection device such as chlorine generators (salt systems),
ultraviolet light, ozonators, copper/silver ionizers, etc. must be reviewed and
approved for use per Section XXV.
Feed Rate. Disinfection
feeders shall have the capacity to feed 5 ppm to the 24 hour recirculation flow
of the filtration system. All other disinfectants shall feed at rates as
determined by the Department.
Minimum standards for Gas Chlorine Feeders on Existing Pools.
Design. Feeders shall be of
such design and construction as will withstand wear, corrosion, or attack by
chlorine gas, chlorine vapors or chlorine solutions and will not be adversely
affected by repeated regular adjustments or other conditions anticipated in the
normal use of the device.
Easily Cleanable. Feeders shall be capable of being easily disassembled
for cleaning and maintenance and being easily reassembled.
Non-clog Design. Feeders
shall be of such design and construction as to preclude stoppage from materials
which may be contained in the compressed gas.
Fail Safe. Feeders shall
incorporate failure-proof features so that the chlorine gas cannot feed
directly into the swimming pool, the pool piping system, water supply system or
the swimming pool enclosure under any type of failure or interruption of
operation of the equipment.
Solution Feed Type. Feeders shall be a solution feed type,
capable of delivering a chlorine solution at its maximum rate without releasing
chlorine gas into the atmosphere.
Accidental Failure. Feeders
shall be of such design so that during accidental failure or interruptions of
water supply to the chlorinator, any leaking gas will be safely conducted to
the outdoors, not onto the pool deck or any populated area.
gaseous chlorine equipment is provided, the mechanical proportioning device and
cylinders of chlorine shall be housed in a reasonably gas tight,
corrosion-resistant and mechanically vented enclosure with a shatter-proof gas
tight inspection window. Venting shall be to atmosphere in an unrestricted area
and shall have a motor-driven exhaust fan capable of producing at least one air
exchange per minute. Properly designed automatic louvers are required near the
top of the enclosure for admitting fresh air. Electrical switches for the
control of artificial lighting and ventilation shall be on the outside of the
enclosure adjacent to the door.
The floor area of the enclosure shall be of adequate size to
house the chlorinator, fan, scales, and one extra chlorine cylinder. Cylinders
must be anchored to provide proper storage. Ammonia, stored outside the
chlorine room, must be available to detect any possible chlorine leaks.
SCBA Required. A
self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) shall be provided and shall be
readily accessible in a secured location outside the chlorine room.
Feed Required. Feed shall be positive and constant under all conditions
of pressure in the circulating system.
Back Flow Prevention.
Positive features to prevent back-flow from the circulation system to
the solution container shall be provided.
Flow Through or Controlled Erosion
1. Flow through or controlled
erosion feeders shall be used in conjunction with a chemical feeder to maintain
pH when used for feeding a hypochlorite non-stabilized compound.
2. The feeder shall have an adjustable rate
of flow through the feeder.
feeder shall have a positive flow indicator.
4. The feeder shall be so constructed and
installed so that no chemical shall be fed when the circulating system has been
Chemical Training. Any facility utilizing chlorine gas shall be required
to have operators complete a certified training course which should include
topics such as: handling, storage, hazard response and planning. Similar
training is also recommended for facilities utilizing sodium
General. A chemical feeder
must be used in conjunction with a hypochlorinator feeding non-stabilized
chlorine or gas chlorinators in order to maintain pH of pool/spa water. It
shall be a positive displacement type feeder.
Feed Rate. Equipment shall
be sufficient to supply at least 2 pounds of soda ash per 15,000 gallons of
pool/spa water per 24-hour period and shall have a minimum feed capacity of 2
lA gallons per hour. This same type
feeder can also be used to feed acid and granular chlorine for
POOL/SPA HEATERS. All gas-fired heaters for
pools or spas shall meet the requirements of the current Arkansas Gas
Controlled limited use spas as defined in Section III
shall meet all the applicable requirements of these Regulations with the
A. A minimum of 50
square feet of NSF approved cartridge filter for units 500 gallons or less. The
filtration may be located below the skimmer unit or within an equipment system.
Larger units shall be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
B. An NSF approved continuous disinfection
(chlorine or bromine) unit shall be required. Other similar dispensing devices
maybe approved on a case by case basis. Location of facility, patron use, and
supervision shall be considered when determining equipment need. The unit shall
be sized in accordance with Section XII E.
C. One skimmer with weir and a minimum of 2
side/bottom suction fittings with anti-entrapment covers shall be provided per
D. An alternate disinfection
unit (i.e. ozonator, UV, etc.) is recommended and only in conjunction with an
approved primary disinfection unit. If installed it shall be installed per
safety and signage requirements for spas shall be met.
NOTE: The recirculation/filtration/disinfection
system shall operate 24 hours continuously.
All pools/spas shall have a functional and accurate test kit or
equipment for measuring free and combined chlorine or bromine concentration,
pH, total alkalinity and cyanuric acid (if stabilizer is used in pool/spa
Other test kits may be required when deemed necessary by the
Department. The use of orthotolodine (OTO) tests for chlorine is prohibited.
N,N-diethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPD) test kits shall be provided and capable of
measuring the minimum and maximum allowable ranges for chemical operational
parameters in Appendix B.
or Cleaning Equipment.
General. Equipment shall be provided to remove sediment, sludge and
other accumulations from all areas of the pool/spa bottom and walls.
minimum equipment required for pool/spa cleaning includes:
one (1) vacuum head and hose or portable vacuum one (1) wall
brush suitable for use on pool/spa material one (1) leaf net one (1)
Use of Common Cleaning Equipment. Multiple facility operations may
use common cleaning equipment. To prevent cross contamination, caution must be
taken to clean and disinfect vacuum equipment following fecal accidents or
suspected waterborne disease outbreaks.
Access to Equipment. The
equipment room shall be evaluated during the plan review process to determine
if adequate space is provided for equipment to be serviced. Filters and other
equipment shall be easily accessible for service. Equipment shall be
safeguarded to prevent unauthorized tampering. The equipment room shall be
adequately drained and ventilated. The room(s) and equipment shall be
maintained clean and in good repair.
Gas Chlorine Storage. Where
gas chlorine is used on existing facilities, the chlorine room shall meet the
minimum standards as described in Section XIIF 7.
Ventilation for Equipment Rooms.
Where the equipment room is provided below grade, stairway access and
suitable drainage shall be provided. Enclosed stairways shall have louvered
vents on three sides of the room and an exhaust fan.
All other equipment and chemical storage rooms shall be
ventilated through a louvered door and an opening, louvered vent on at least
one other side. In order to achieve adequate ventilation, an exhaust fan may be
necessary. Chemical rooms must be vented away from the walk area.
Adequate space shall be provided for off-floor storage of chemicals,
separate from the operating equipment. In rooms or areas with fixed ceilings,
the minimum height shall be 6.5 feet.
Lighting. All equipment and
chemical storage rooms shall be equipped with at least of one (1) watt of
artificial light per square foot of floor area with a minimum of 100 watts
BATHER PREPARATION FACILITIES.
All Class "A" pools
and spas open to the general public shall provide adequate bather preparation
facilities. Whenever any pool other than Class "A" pools are opened to the
general public, a minimum of one restroom and shower facility for each gender
shall be provided. Pools not open to the general public shall provide bather
preparation facilities whenever suitable facilities are not available within a
reasonable distance of the pool. In these instances the Department shall
determine reasonable distance. Lavatories, showers and water closets shall be
provided for each gender based on the maximum bather load and as listed below
or as required by the current Arkansas State Plumbing Code, whichever is most
stringent. Certain pools having a high rate of swimmer change out, such as a
school's pool used for classes, may be required to provide additional
1 per 100
2 per 100
1 per 100
2 per 100
1 per 100
1 per 40
1 per 40
Dressing Rooms. A dressing room shall be provided for each
gender. The dressing rooms shall be satisfactorily located, constructed,
equipped, lighted and ventilated. Floor finish shall be non-skid cement, tile,
or other impervious material. Indoor-outdoor carpet is not approved. Non-skid
mats may be installed but shall be removable for cleaning. Walls and partitions
shall be constructed of smooth, impervious material.
Light and Ventilation. All
bather preparation areas shall be adequately ventilated and lighted. A minimum
of one (1) watt of light for each square foot of floor area is
Hot and Cold
Running Water Shall Be Provided. Dispensers for providing either liquid
or powdered soap shall be provided for lavatories and showers. Adequate hand
drying facilities, either single service paper towels or blower type hand
dryers, must be provided.
Maintenance. All bather preparation facilities shall be maintained in a
clean condition and in good repair.
Operation and Management.
The pool or other related facility shall be maintained under the
supervision and direction of a properly trained operator on staff, or on call,
who shall be responsible for promoting good sanitation and safety, the proper
maintenance of the facility and all physical and mechanical equipment and
It is recommended that the operator shall have successfully
completed a swimming pool operator course and have current certification
recognized by the Department.
Recommended Courses include:
1. National Swimming Pool Foundation
Certified Pool Operator (CPO) Course
2. Association of Pool and Spa Professionals
(APSP) pool certification courses
3. National Recreation and Park Association
(NRPA) pool certification courses
4.Other courses or curriculum (evaluated on a
case by case basis) which provide technical training in pool/spa water
chemistry, maintenance, and safety
Lifeguards. Shall be present
in accordance with the following: All Class A pools and any pool that is opened
to the general public.
Number of Lifeguards. A minimum of one lifeguard shall be provided
for each 2000 square feet of water surface. One additional lifeguard shall be
provided for each additional 2000 square feet of water surface, or fraction
thereof equal to or greater than 1000 square feet.
Lifeguard Chairs. One
lifeguard chair shall be provided for each lifeguard as required by these
regulations. Lifeguard chair(s) shall be elevated and strategically located to
provide adequate coverage of all areas of the pool. This does not preclude the
use of a lifeguard to walk the pool area or be stationed in the shallow areas
of the pool.
No broken bottles, cans, glass, sharp objects or any
other debris, which might cause injury or accidents, shall be in the pool.
Glass bottles are prohibited in the pool area. No operational activities or
conditions of facilities which are likely to cause illness or injury shall be
allowed to exist. Food and/or drinks are prohibited in the pool/spa water.
Steps, benches and ladders as specified in Section VIIII shall be provided.
Area lighting as specified in sections VIII G, XVIII E, and XIX
C shall be provided
A recommended list of pool rules is located in Appendix
No diving board, tower, or platform greater than ten (10) feet
above the water level shall be permitted in any public pool, except by express
permission of the Department Director.
Main drain grates, anti-entrapment covers and vacuum-fitting
covers shall be in place and in good condition whenever the pool/spa is in use.
Missing or damaged covers shall constitute grounds for immediate
Prevention of Unauthorized Entry.
General. Provisions must be made to exclude unauthorized entry to
the facility. The barrier may be any fence, wall or structure which prevents
entry except through self-closing, self-latching and lockable gates or doors.
The barrier shall surround all four sides of the pool/spa and not prevent
visual observation of the pool. In any new construction of an outside pool or
spa, an adjacent building (clubhouse, locker room, etc.) may only serve as one
barrier side. In existing construction, each entry from any adjacent building
to the pool area must contain either an alarm on the door, cardkey access to
pool deck, install fencing between building structure and pool or other means
which may be reviewed on a case by case basis. Shrubbery shall not constitute
an acceptable barrier.
Barrier Design. The barrier shall not be less than four feet in height.
The topography outside the barrier shall be considered during the construction
phase to insure the barrier will provide a minimum four (4) foot barrier.
Barriers shall not have open spaces greater than four (4) inches horizontally.
There shall not be more than four (4) inches of space between the bottom of the
barrier and the ground's surface or the pool deck. Any new fence/barrier
construction or renovation shall comply with the design criteria set forth in
Facilities. Where a pool and a wading pool are located within a common
pool area, separate fencing, which meets the above criteria, is required for
the wading pool. Where other multiple facilities are located within a common
pool area (i.e., pool and spa) provisions shall be made to prevent access to
any pool or spa, which is closed for maintenance, repair or as the result of
non-compliance. Locking spa covers and portable fencing which meet the above
criteria are acceptable options for closure. Floating spa covers are not
acceptable. Signs shall be posted indicating which facility is closed. The need
for separate fencing for water recreation attractions, such as water theme
parks, shall be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
Indoor Pools/Spas. The area
must be secured by self-closing doors for dedicated pool/spa rooms or by
barriers as required above, wherever the pool/spa are located where guest rooms
or lobbies open onto the pool area. Some means of access control (such as room
key or card) should be provided to prevent entry by unattended
The entire water slide area including the plunge pool, pool deck, the
slide, and the walk area to the slide, shall be fenced to prevent access when
the slide is not in operation.
The Department may approve alternative enclosure materials and
methods when such materials and methods are found to be equivalent those
Chemical Storage and Handling.
Chemicals shall be kept in the original containers and shall be used and
stored in accordance with label instructions. All rooms used for storage of
pool chemicals shall be plainly marked by any combination of words, pictures or
Communications. All pools shall have a suitable means of communication
for emergency services conveniently available on the premises capable of
reaching 911 dispatch services.
Accident Report. The operator of any pool or other related
facility shall report any drowning, other death or serious injury occurring on
the premises within 72 hours of the occurrence. A written report shall be
submitted to the Department on forms provided by the Department.
Life Saving and Safety
Readily accessible and conspicuously mounted lifesaving
equipment shall be provided at all swimming pools. One unit of lifesaving
equipment shall consist of the following:
One shepherd's crook and pole (recommended by the Department) and
One ring buoy or similar flotation device
such as an American Red Cross approved rescue tube
One unit of life saving equipment shall be required for each
2,000 square feet of water surface or fraction thereof. A minimum of one ring
buoy or similar flotation device shall be provided for spas. For multiple
facilities, common equipment may be used in quantity based on the square
footage requirement for total water surface area of the facilities. It is
recommended that instructions for proper usage of life saving equipment be
All pools in which the maximum pool depth exceeds five
(5) feet six (6) inches, shall install a lifeline located at or before the five
(5) feet depth area(s) separating the shallow area(s) and the deep area(s).
"Wave" type pools shall be exempt from this requirement.
Pools which provide lane swimming, may remove a lifeline during
periods of lap swimming or routine maintenance. The lifeline shall be replaced
following any maintenance activities or lap swimming to insure safety for
recreational swimming. The lifeline shall be maintained in good condition.
Connections for lifeline shall be recessed in the walls at appropriate
locations, and in a manner which presents no hazard to swimmers.
Equipment. Each pool and other related facility shall have basic first
aid equipment available to care for minor injuries.
Wiring and grounding for lights and all electrical power for pool
equipment must conform to the codes of the current edition of the National Fire
Protection Association National Electric Code. Ground fault protection shall be
provided on all electrical circuits within the pool area. Junction boxes must
be above the pool water level and not be a trip hazard.
Spa Timers and Emergency Shut-Off
Switch. A maximum setting of 15 minutes for the timer to activate the
jet system shall be installed on all new or remodeled spa installations and
shall be located at a distance that would require the bather to exit the spa to
restart. An emergency shut-off switch shall also be required for all new or
renovated spas and shall be conspicuously placed and accessible.
Signs and Safety Markings.
All signs and depth markers must be clearly readable at all times.
No Diving. This sign shall
be displayed in conspicuous locations at all pools not meeting the minimum
requirements for diving i.e., less than 5 lA
feet deep. The sign shall read "NO DIVING" with minimum three (3) inch
lettering. "NO DIVING" tiles placed conspicuously on the deck shall meet this
Warning - No
Lifeguard On Duty. This sign shall be posted at pools and other related
facilities where lifeguard service is not required and not provided. The sign
shall be in clearly legible letters at least three (3) inches high. The sign
shall also state children should not use the pool without an adult in
On a warning sign, precautions for spa patrons shall be posted.
The following language is recommended:
* Elderly persons and those suffering from heart disease,
diabetes, or high blood pressure should consult a physician before using the
* No person suffering from a communicable disease,
transmissible via water, shall use the spa pool.
* Persons using prescription medications should consult a
physician before using the spa pool.
* Individuals under the influence of alcohol should not use the
* No person shall use the spa pool alone.
* Pregnant women should not use the spa pool without consulting
* Persons should spend no more than 15 minutes in the spa at
any one session.
* All children under 14 years of age shall be accompanied by a
responsible adult observer.
* No person shall run or engage in horseplay in or around the
* Patrons should shower before and after using the spa
The following warnings must be posted at all slides:
* Always slide feet first and only after previous slider has
cleared the area.
* No jumping or diving from slide.
* Only one person at a time allowed on the slide.
* No play equipment on slide.
Maximum Bather Load. The
maximum bather load as determined by Section XXI of the regulation shall be
conspicuously posted at the entrance of the pool/spa.
Pool Depth Markers.
a. Plainly mark the water
depth in a unit of measurement, i.e. feet, inches or meters, on the vertical
wall at or above the water level and on the horizontal surface of the coping or
b. Be located on the
vertical pool wall to be read from the waterside. Where markings cannot be
placed above the water level, markings shall be placed in other areas and
plainly visible to users in the pool
c. Be located on the coping or deck within
eighteen inches of the water edge and readable while standing on the deck
facing the water
d. Be slip
e. Be placed at the
maximum and minimum water depths and at all points of slope change
f. Meet the above requirements on irregularly
shaped pools and designate the depths at all major deviations in shape
g. Be three-inch minimum height on
the deck and a two-inch minimum height on the vertical pool wall
h. Be applied in a contrasting color
i. Additional markers may be
required based on pool design
Spa or Wading Pool Depth Markers.
A spa or wading pool shall have a minimum of two (2) three inch depth
markers indicating depth on the deck and/or posted on a sign or wall.
Step and Bench Edges. These
shall be marked in a contrasting color or contrasting slip resistant tile. The
vertical and horizontal faces on bench edges shall be marked. All steps shall
have horizontal edges marked.
Spa Water Temperature.
The maximum water temperature for a spa or
therapy/spa pool shall be 104°F
and this temperature shall be posted at the spa in three (3)
inch letters. A non-breakable thermometer shall be provided for use in the
Lotions and Minerals. Oils, body lotions, minerals or other materials
not associated with chemicals used for water chemistry balance and disinfection
of the water are prohibited in the spa, and this information shall be posted.
Prohibited in Pool/Spa Area. Except for service animals for the
physically impaired, animals are not allowed in the
The maximum number of bathers in the pool at any one time shall
not exceed a number determined by the following formula:
SWIMMING POOL MAXIMUM BATHING LOAD (SPMBL)
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A = Total area of water surface in square feet.
S = Area of pool less than 5.5 feet deep in square feet.
*Note: This formula will be used in determining certain
features of pools as noted elsewhere in these Rules and Regulation.
Bather load requirements shall not apply to Class D Wading
pools, Class C Special Purpose pools or Class E Therapy pools/Spas.
Bather load requirements for Class C, Special Purpose pools,
shall be determined on a case-by-case basis by the Department.
Bather load requirements for Class F spas shall be based on one
(1) bather for every 10 square feet of water surface.
When applicable the maximum bather load shall be conspicuously
posted at the entrance of the facility and shall not be exceeded.
Pool/Spa. Floating scum, sputum or debris shall not be allowed to
accumulate in the pool. Water levels in pools shall be maintained and operated
to remove such material continuously. The bottom and sides of the pool shall be
cleaned as often as necessary to maintain a condition of cleanliness. The sides
and bottom of pools, decks and other surfaces shall be kept free of slime and
algae. Procedures for disinfection and management of fecal accidents are
located in Appendix D.
Cleaning and Maintenance of
Pool/Spa and the Facility. All parts of the pool/spa and related
pool/spa facilities and equipment shall be maintained in good repair. Floors
shall be kept free from cracks and other defects. Walls, ceilings, partitions,
doors, lockers and similar surfaces and equipment shall be refinished as often
as necessary to be kept in a state of good repair. Pool/spa surfaces including
but not limited to tile, plaster and/or paint shall be maintained in good
Records. Operational records shall be kept on forms provided by the
Department. Records shall be retained by the pool owner/manager for review upon
request by the Department. Such mandatory records include but not limited to:
Swimming Pool Operational Records and Report of Accident or Drowning at Pools,
Spas, etc. Recommended documentation includes: Record of Pool Contamination
Incident, Employee MSDS Training, (see Appendix for form copies)
reasonable times, representatives of the Department shall have access to, and
are hereby empowered to enter the premises of any public pool or other related
facility and to make inspections to determine whether the provisions of these
Rules and Regulations of the Department are being complied with.
Results of inspections shall be recorded on Department forms
which summarize the requirements of these Rules and Regulations. The completed
inspection report shall specify a reasonable period of time for correction of
any violation found.
All violations of critical items shall be corrected within 10
days following the inspection. A follow-up inspection will be conducted to
All other items should be corrected as soon as possible, but in
any event by the time of the next routine inspection unless the violation
involves construction as addressed in Section XXIV, Existing pools/Spas.
Any public pool is to be closed by the owner whenever the
following conditions exist:
pool is being operated without a valid permit from the Department
2. Any critical item is noted on the
3. Any required
safety equipment is missing or any violation Section XX
4. The mandatory chemical operation
parameters are not in compliance as indicated in Appendix A B
5. An imminent health hazard as determined by
6. A suspected
water-borne outbreak is reported to the Department
When the time limits have been exceeded
for the correction, repair, or replacement of defective, missing or unapproved
In the case of voluntary pool closure, one or more signs shall
be posted conspicuously stating "Pool Closed" or "No Swimming" or similar
When the owner fails to close a facility, the Department shall
close the facility and post "CLOSED" sign(s). When closed by the Department,
the facility shall not reopen until an inspection has been conducted by the
Department indicating compliance.
Communicable Disease. No
person suffering from an open cut, rash, skin lesion, or any skin disease or
any possible communicable disease transmitted via water shall be permitted to
patronize the pool. No person having a communicable disease shall work at any
pool in a function in which there is a likelihood that they will transmit the
disease to any other person.
Bather Clothing. Only clothing designed for use in swimming shall
be allowed in the pool. Cutoffs shall not be worn in the pool unless hemmed.
Street shoes are not allowed in the water. Children should not be allowed in
the pool or wading pool with disposable diapers unless covered with plastic
A pool or other related facility for which no operation
permit is in effect and which is not in use for two (2) weeks or longer shall
be covered, drained, or maintained by the owner in a condition which prevents
creating a hazard to health or safety. If drained, care should be taken to
ensure that the facility is not damaged by subsurface hydro-static pressure and
that access by animals and humans is restricted.
If a public swimming pool/spa is to be permanently closed, the
pool/spa shall be filled in or removed and the water and drainage connections
removed. Written notification must be made to the Department. Any public
swimming pool/spa left in a state of disrepair or out of service for more than
one (1) swimming season shall be drained and secured so as to not create an
imminent health hazard or nuisance.
Food Service Operations. Any
food service operations conducted at the pool facility shall meet the current
Arkansas Department of Health Rules and Regulations Pertaining to Retail Food
Winterizing. All equipment shall be properly winterized, if and when the
pool/spa is closed for operation at the end of the season. When the pool/spa is
closed all gates shall be locked. A means to completely drain all piping and
equipment shall be provided.
Transfer of Ownership. Each holder of a permit for operation
shall notify the Department in writing upon sale, lease, or other transfer of
responsibility for the facility and shall supply the Department with the name
and address of the new owner/operator.
ANNUAL PERMIT FOR
Annual Permit for
Operation Required. No municipality, person, firm, corporation,
association, organization, or institution shall operate, maintain or allow the
use of any public swimming pool or other water related facilities without a
written permit from the State Health Officer or authorized
of a Pool.
Prior to approval of the application for permit, whether
existing or new construction, the Department shall inspect the facility to
determine compliance with these rules and regulations. The department shall
issue a permit to the applicant if the inspection reveals that the facility is
in compliance with the requirements of the rules and regulations. Each permit
shall expire December 31 following the date of issue.
Applications for renewal of permits for existing public
swimming pools will be mailed to the operator prior to January 1 of each
The annual permit fee to operate a public swimming pool shall
be twenty-five dollars ($25.00), due and payable January 1 and each January 1
If a public swimming pool and a food service establishment are
owned and operated at the same location by a common individual, corporation,
firm or other entity, the annual swimming pool permit fee shall be ten dollars
($10.00), due and payable January 1.
The permit fee shall be paid to the Department before the
permit is issued. The permit shall be kept and displayed in a conspicuous
manner, properly framed, at the pool for which it is issued.
Suspension and Revocation of
Permit. Failure to comply with these regulations or failure to maintain
equipment and facilities in good condition will be cause to immediately suspend
this permit until such time the condition, which caused the suspension, has
been corrected. Continuing violations of these regulations will be cause for
the permit to be revoked by the State Health Officer or his authorized
representative after a legal hearing as provided for in the Administrative
Procedures Act. Ark. Code annotated
EXISTING POOLS/SPAS. All existing pools/spas which are not in
compliance with these regulations at the effective date shall be exempt from
compliance with those construction provisions which do not pertain directly to
health and safety of the patrons. All pools/spas, when remodeled, shall comply
with all applicable provisions of these regulations pertinent to the
renovation, unless a variance is granted by the Department. Any variance shall
be granted in writing for a specific time period.
NEW PRODUCT APPROVAL AND
The manufacturer or other sponsor proposing an
alternative equipment, product, or material for use in pools/spas shall make a
written request to the Department for acceptance of the equipment, product or
material by the Department. Technical information as required by the Department
to complete its review shall be submitted. Such information is typically as
Equipment and Material
Items. Technical documents, including approval or acceptance by other
states, NSF approval information describing the proposed product and including
catalog cut sheets, drawings, specifications, and promotional literature shall
Products. Technical documents including information on chemical
formulation, toxicity and efficacy studies and date. EPA registration
manufacturer's proposed use and directions for and promotional literature shall
OTHER RELATED REGULATIONS.
All pools and other related facilities shall comply with all
appropriate State Laws and Rules Regulations, including but not limited to the
* ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH RULES AND REGULATIONS
PERTAINING TO GENERAL SANITATION.
* ACT 402 OF 1977 AND ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH RULES AND
REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO ONSITE WASTEWATER SYSTEMS.
* ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH RULES AND REGULATIONS
PERTAINING TO PUBLIC WATER SYSTEM.
* ARKANSAS DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH RULES AND REGULATIONS
PERTAINING TO RETAIL FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS.
* ARKANSAS PLUMBING CODE.
* ARKANSAS GAS CODE
* ARKANSAS STATE MECHANICAL CODE
* ARKANSAS STATE LICENSING LAW FOR CONTRACTORS (ACT 50, AS
* ANY FEDERAL REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO POOLS AND SPAS
* VIRGINIA GRAEME BAKER POOL AND SPA SAFETY ACT (VGB-ENFORCED
BY CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION
* AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA-ENFORCED BY DEPARTMENT
SEVERABILITY. If any provisions of these Rules and Regulations,
or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid,
such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of these
Rules applications, and to this end the provisions hereto are declared to be
REPEAL. All Regulations and parts of Regulations in conflict herewith
are hereby repealed.
Any person operating a public swimming pool who
fails or refuses to comply with any of the provisions of these rules and
Regulations or otherwise operates a swimming pool in violation of this Act or
Rules and Regulations shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction
shall be fined not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) and not more than five
hundred dollars ($500.00) for each offense and each day after sufficient notice
has been given shall constitute a separate offense.
This will certify that the foregoing Rules and Regulations
Pertaining to Swimming Pools and Other Related Facilities were adopted by the
Arkansas Department of Health at the regular session of the Board of Health
held in Little Rock, Arkansas on the 26th day of April, 2012.
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ARKANSAS POOL CHEMICAL OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS
Below are operation parameters for the proper chemical
treatment and maintenance of pool/spa water. Chemical treatment alone will not
produce sanitary pool water. A filtration system in proper operational
condition is also required to attain sparkling clear, polished, sanitary water.
*Mandatory tests for compliance
Free chlorine, ppm
Hot weather/heavy use may require operation at or near
maximum level. Regular Superchlorination is recommended.
When stabilizer is used
Combined chlorine, ppm**
High combined results in reduced chemical
Take remedial action to establish break point
Other signs of combined chlorine: Sharp chlorine odor,
Eye irritation, Algae growth
Levels not established Note: Local Health
Department officials must be consulted before use.
For 15 minute intervals on a timer
Oxidation Reduction Potential
When chlorine or bromine is used as the primary
disinfectant, ORP can be used as a supplemental measurement of proper sanitizer
activity. The use of ORP testing does not eliminate or supersede the need for
testing the sanitizer level with standard test kits. An ORP reading may be
affected by a number of factors including (1) pH, (2) probe film, (3) cyanuric
acid, and (4) other. Follow manufacturer's recommendations.
NOTE: The number of "Daily" testing intervals will vary
based on type of facility, hours of operation, & bather load.
Too high: Low chlorine efficiency, Scale
formation, Cloudy water, Eye discomfort
Too low: Rapid dissipation of
disinfectant, Plaster and concrete etching, Eye discomfort, Corrosion of
metals, Vinyl liner damage
trichlor, chlorine gas, bromine compounds
If total alkalinity is:
Too Low: pH bounce, Corrosion
Too High: Cloudy water, Increased scaling
potential, and pH tends to be too high
If stabilizer is:
Too Low: Chlorine residual rapidly
destroyed by sunlight
Too High: May reduce chlorine
Note: Stabilizer is not needed in indoor or brominated
These values are offered as ppm guidelines rather than
absolute values to indicate concern for accumulation of impurities in the
course of operation. Excessively high TDS may lead to hazy water, corrosion of
fixtures, etc., and can be reduced by partial draining with addition of fresh
water. High initial TDS may indicate poor water quality due to corrosive
mineral salts, humus, or organic matter. Consult local water
Monthly or Suspect
Operation of pools at maximum hardness will depend on
alkalinity (buffering) requirements of the sanitizer used. Minimum alkalinity
and lower pH must be used with maximum hardness (Over 50ppm)
Monthly or Suspect
If heavy metals, such as copper, iron, manganese, are
present: Staining may occur, Water may discolor, Chlorine dissipates rapidly,
Filter may plug, May indicate pH too low, corrosion, etc.
LIST OF RECOMMENDED RULES FOR ALL POOL AND OTHER RELATED
These rules may be conveyed by any combination of words,
pictures, or symbols. Those rules noted by * are addressed within the Rules and
1. All persons should
take a shower before entering the water.
2. Running or boisterous play is not allowed
on the deck.
3. * Glass articles,
sharp metal objects, and other hazardous objects are not allowed in the
4. * Pets or any animals
are not allowed in the enclosure except for service animals for the physically
5. * Persons with
contagious or infectious health conditions are not permitted to patronize the
6. Games, tubes, and other
water play equipment can be allowed with permission of the management and if
7. * An adult
must accompany minors under the age of 12.
8. Children under the age of 7 shall require
the presence of a parent or guardian. Non swimmers of any age must not enter
the deep area.
9 * Location of
nearest telephone for emergency use or emergency notification
10. Pool hours
are___________to___________. (Set by owner and posted)
11. * A first aid kit is
12. * Street clothes and shoes are not
allowed in the water. Children should not be allowed in the pool or wading pool
with disposable diapers unless covered with plastic pants.
13. * Food or drink is prohibited in the pool
14. Gum and tobacco are not
allowed on the wet deck area.
Use of the pool by persons under the influence of alcohol or drugs is
16. The management has
the right to ask any patron to leave for non-compliance with the above
PROCEDURES FOR DISINFECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF FECAL
ACCIDENTS IN POOL AND OTHER RELATED FACILITIES *
In the event of fecal contamination, the following procedures
shall be followed:
Formed stool(solid, non-liquid)
* Direct everyone to leave all pools into which water
containing the feces is circulated. Do not allow anyone to enter the
contaminated pool(s)-if multiple pools use the same filter- until all
decontamination procedures are completed.
* Remove as much of the fecal matter as possible using a net or
scoop and dispose of it in a sanitary manner. Clean and disinfect the net or
scoop. Vacuuming stool from pool is not recommended.
* Raise the free available chlorine concentration to a minimum
of 2 ppm (if less than 2ppm), and ensure the water's pH is between 7.2-7.5 and
temperature is about 77°F. Test free chlorine residual at 3 widely spaced
locations. Pool closure time will be approximately 30 minutes.
* Ensure that the filtration system is operating while the pool
reaches and maintains the proper free available chlorine concentration during
the disinfection process.
* Fill out Record of Pool Contamination Incident form found in
* Direct everyone to leave the pool(s) into which water
containing the feces is circulated. Do not allow anyone to enter the
contaminated pool(s)-if multiple pools use the same filter- until all
decontamination procedures are completed.
* Remove as much of the fecal matter as possible using a net or
scoop and dispose of it in a sanitary manner. Clean and disinfect the net or
scoop. Vacuuming stool from the pool is not recommended.
* Raise the free available chlorine concentration to 20 ppm and
ensure the water's pH is between 7.2-7.5 and temperature is about 77°F.
This chlorine level and the recommended pH level should be sufficient to
inactivate Cryptosporidium and should be maintained for at
least & 12.75 hours.
* Backwash the filter thoroughly and discharge to waste.
* Swimmers may be allowed into the pool after the free
available chlorine level and other chemical parameters has have been returned
to the normal operating range allowed by the Arkansas Pool Parameters found in
* Fill out Record of Pool Contamination Incident form found in
* The information above was obtained from the Centers for
Disease Control and Prevention.
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