Ill. Admin. Code tit. 35, § 302.618 - Determining the Acute Aquatic Toxicity Criterion - Toxicity Dependent on Water Chemistry

Current through Vol. 46, No. 16, April 15, 2022

If data are available to show that a relationship exists between a water quality characteristic (WQC) and acute toxicity to two or more species, an Acute Aquatic Toxicity Criterion (AATC) may be calculated. The best documented relationship is that between the water quality characteristic, hardness and acute toxicity of metals. Although this relationship between hardness and acute toxicity is typically non-linear, it can be linearized by a logarithmic transformation (i.e. for any variable, K, f(K) = logarithm of K) of the variables and plotting the logarithm of hardness against the logarithm of acute toxicity. Similarly, relationships between acute toxicity and other water quality characteristics, such as pH or temperature, may require a transformation, including no transformation (i.e. for any variable, K, f(K) = K) for one or both variables to obtain least squares linear regression of the transformed acute toxicity values on the transformed values of the water quality characteristic. An AATC is calculated using the following procedures:

a) For each species for which acute toxicity values are available at two or more different values of the water quality characteristic, a linear least squares regression of the transformed acute toxicity (TAT) values on the transformed water quality characteristic (TWQC) values is performed to obtain the slope of the line describing the relationship.
b) Each of the slopes determined pursuant to subsection (a) is evaluated as to whether or not it is statistically valid, taking into account the range and number of tested values of the water quality characteristic and the degree of agreement within and between species. If slopes are not available for at least one fish and one invertebrate species, or if the available slopes are too dissimilar, or if too few data are available to define the relationship between acute toxicity and the water quality characteristic, then the AATC is calculated using the procedures in Section 302.615.
c) Normalize the TAT values for each species by subtracting W, the arithmetic mean of the TAT values of a species from each of the TAT values used in the determination of the mean, such that the arithemetic mean of the normalized TAT values for each species individually or for any combination of species is zero (0.0 ).
d) Normalize the TWQC values for each species using X, the arithmetic mean of the TWQC values of a species, in the same manner as in subsection (c).
e) Group all the normalized data by treating them as if they were from a single species and perform at least squares linear regression of all the normalized TAT values on the corresponding normalized TWQC values to obtain the pooled acute slope, V.
f) For each species the graphical intercept, representing the species TAT intercept, f(Y), at a specific selected value, Z, of the WQC is calculated using the equation:

f(Y) = W - V( X - g(Z))

Where:

f() is the transformation used to convert acute toxicity values to TAT values;

Y is the species acute toxicity intercept or species acute intercept;

W is the arithmetic mean of the TAT values as specified in subsection (c);

V is the pooled acute slope as specified in subsection (e);

X is the arithmetic mean of the TWQC values as specified in subsection (d);

g() is the transformation used to convert the WQC values to TWQC values; and

Z is a selected value of the WQC.

g) For each species, determine the species acute intercept, Y, by carrying out an inverse transformation of the species TAT value, f(Y). For example, in the case of a logarithmic transformation, Y = antilogarithm of (f(Y)); or in the case where no transformation is used, Y = f(Y).
h) The Final Acute Intercept (FAI) is derived by using the species acute intercepts, obtained from subsection (g), in accordance with the procedures described in Section 302.615(b) through (g), with the word "value" replaced by the word "intercept". Note that in this procedure geometric means and natural logarithms are always used.
i) The Aquatic Acute Intercept (AAI) is obtained by dividing the FAI by two.
j) The AATC at any value of the WQC, denoted by WQCx, is calculated using the terms defined in subsection (f) and the equation:

AATC = exp[V (g(WQCx) - g(z)) + f (AAI)].

Notes

Ill. Admin. Code tit. 35, § 302.618

Added at 14 Ill. Reg. 2899, effective February 13, 1990

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