N.J. Admin. Code § 7:7A-2.3 - Regulated activities in transition areas

(a) Except as provided in (b) and (c) below, the following are regulated activities when they occur in transition areas:
1. Removal, excavation, or disturbance of the soil;
2. Dumping or filling with any materials;
3. Erection of structures;
4. Placement of pavements; and
5. Destruction of plant life which would alter the existing pattern of vegetation.
(b) Notwithstanding (a) above, the following activities are not regulated in transition areas and do not require Department approval under this chapter, provided that the activities are performed in a manner that minimizes adverse effects to the transition area and adjacent freshwater wetlands, and provided that the transition area is not contained within a conservation restriction. If the transition area is contained in a conservation restriction, none of the following activities are allowed unless explicitly stated in the conservation restriction:
1. Normal property maintenance;
i. For the purposes of this paragraph, "normal property maintenance" means activities required to maintain lawfully existing artificial and natural features, landscaping, and gardening. These activities include:
(1) Mowing of existing lawns. The conversion of a field to a lawn by planting, seeding, frequent mowing or any other means is not considered normal property maintenance and requires a transition area waiver;
(2) Maintenance of existing fields;
(3) Pruning of trees and shrubs;
(4) Selective cutting of trees;
(5) Replacement of existing non-native plants with either native or non-native species that will not significantly change the character of the existing vegetational community of the transition area;
(6) Limited supplemental planting of non-native plant species that will not significantly change the character of the existing vegetational community of the transition area. The creation of a lawn is not considered supplemental planting;
(7) Planting of native species, that is, plants naturally occurring in transition areas in the local region, (the county agricultural agent may be consulted to obtain information regarding these species);
(8) Continued cultivation of existing gardens and the development of new gardens provided that the new garden is:
(A) No larger than 2,500 square feet in size;
(B) Located in a non-forested transition area; and
(C) Located in a transition area not subject to a conservation restriction; and
(9) Maintenance of artificial features including the repair, rehabilitation, replacement, maintenance or reconstruction of any previously authorized, currently serviceable structure, lawfully existing prior to July 1, 1989, or permitted under this chapter, provided such activities do not result in additional disturbance of the transition area upon completion of the activity. Minor deviations from the existing structure due to changes in materials or construction techniques and which are necessary to make repairs, rehabilitation or replacements are allowed provided such changes do not result in disturbance of additional transition area upon completion of the activity.
ii. Any activity which involves or causes the substantial alteration or change of the existing characteristics of a transition area shall not be considered normal property maintenance and shall require a transition area waiver in accordance with this chapter. Activities which involve or cause substantial alteration or change of the transition area include, but are not limited to, extensive removal, alteration, or destruction of vegetation by clear cutting, cutting, mowing (except as described in (b)1i above), burning or application of herbicides, planting of ornamental plants or lawns for landscaping purposes (except as described in (b)1i above), regrading or significant changes in the existing surface contours and the placement of fill, pavement or other impervious surfaces.
2. Minor and temporary disturbances of the transition area resulting from, and necessary for, normal construction activities on land adjacent to the transition area, provided the activities do not result in adverse environmental effects on the transition area or on the adjacent freshwater wetlands, and do not continue for more than six months. For the purposes of this paragraph, minor and temporary disturbances include, but are not limited to, the placement of scaffolds or ladders, the removal of human-made debris by non-mechanized means which does not destroy woody vegetation, the placement of temporary construction supports, and the placement of utility lines over or under a previously authorized, currently serviceable paved roadway surface. Fencing will not be regulated if it is installed on the boundary between the transition area and upland area; and
3. The erection of one or more temporary structures covering a combined total of 150 square feet or less of the transition area. For the purposes of this paragraph, a "temporary structure" means a shed or fence without a foundation, or a structure that remains in the transition area for no more than six months. Chain link fences are not considered temporary structures.
(c) Certain regulated activities are exempt from transition area requirements under N.J.A.C. 7:7A-2.4(f) . In addition, an activity that is exempt from freshwater wetlands permit requirements under N.J.A.C. 7:7A-2.4(c) for farming activities, or N.J.A.C. 7:7A-2.4(d) for forestry activities, is also exempt from transition area requirements, subject to the limits on freshwater wetlands exemptions at N.J.A.C. 7:7A-2.4 . A person may request an exemption letter confirming the exemption status of an activity by using the procedures at N.J.A.C. 7:7A-2.6 .


N.J. Admin. Code § 7:7A-2.3
Amended and recodified from 7:7A-2.6 by 49 N.J.R. 3849(a), effective 12/18/2017

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