As used in Chapter 3701-3 of the Administrative Code:
(A) "Antimicrobial" means an agent that kills
microorganisms or suppresses microorganism multiplication or growth.
(B) "Arthropod" means an organism of the
phylum Arthropoda, such as an insect, spider, mite or tick.
(C) "Board of health" means the board of
health of the city or general health district established by section
3709.01 of the Revised Code, or
the authority having the duties of a board of health in any city as authorized
by section 3709.05 of the Revised
(D) "Bioterrorism" means the
intentional use of any microorganism, virus, infectious substance, or
biological product that may be engineered as a result of biotechnology, or any
naturally occurring or bioengineered component of a microorganism, virus,
infectious substance, or biological product, to cause death, disease, or other
biological malfunction in a human, animal, plant, or other living organism as a
means of influencing the conduct of government or intimidating or coercing a
(E) "Child care center"
means any private home, institution, or public or private facility in which
child care is provided for one or more infants, toddlers, pre-school children,
and school children outside of school hours, during any part of the twenty-four
hour day, by persons other than the parents or legal guardians of the children
(F) "Department" means the
Ohio department of health.
"Diarrhea" means three or more loose stools in a twenty-four hour
(H) "Director" means the
director of health or his or her designee.
(I) "Endemic" means the constant presence of
a disease or infectious agent within a given geographic area.
(J) "Epidemic" or "outbreak" means the
occurrence of cases of disease in numbers greater than expected in a particular
population or for a particular period of time.
(K) "Exclude" means to bar from
(L) "Event" means an
important happening or occurrence that results from an actual or suspected act
of bioterrorism, epidemic or pandemic disease, established or novel infectious
agents, or biological or chemical toxins.
(M) "Food handler" means a person who
prepares or serves food intended for human consumption.
(N) "Health care provider" means any person
or government entity that provides health care services to individuals. "Health
care provider" includes, but is not limited to, hospitals, medical clinics and
offices, special care facilities, medical laboratories, physicians, dentists,
physician assistants, registered and licensed practical nurses, emergency
medical service organization personnel, and ambulance service
(O) "Health district"
means a city or general health district as created by Chapter 3709. of the
(P) "Incidence" means
the number of new cases of a disease occurring during a specified interval of
time in a defined population.
"Infected individual" means a person whose body harbors a specific
microorganism capable of producing disease, whether or not the person is
experiencing signs or symptoms of the disease.
(R) "Isolation" means the separation of an
infected individual from others during the period of disease communicability in
such a way that prevents, as far as possible, the direct or indirect conveyance
of an infectious agent to those who are susceptible to infection or who may
spread the agent to others.
"Pandemic" means an epidemic disease that is occurring throughout a very wide
area, usually several countries or continents, and usually affecting a large
proportion of the population.
"Poison prevention and treatment center" or "center" means an entity designated
as a poison prevention and treatment center by the director of health under
section 3701.20 of the Revised
(U) "Period of
communicability" means the interval during which an infected individual or
animal is shedding the specific microorganism of a communicable disease in such
a manner that those who are susceptible could acquire the infection.
(V) Mammal means a warm blooded animal, other
than a human being, usually with hair, that gives birth to live young, which
are fed with milk secreted by the female mammary gland.
(W) "Quarantine" means the restriction of the
movements or activities of a well individual or animal who has been exposed to
a communicable disease during the period of communicability of that disease and
in such a manner that transmission of the disease may have occurred. The
duration of the quarantine ordered shall be equivalent to the usual incubation
period of the disease to which the susceptible person or animal was
(X) "Sensitive occupation"
means direct food handling, direct patient care, the handling of food or
provision of direct care to children in a child care center, or any other
occupation which provides significant opportunity for an infected individual to
transmit infectious disease agents.
(Y) "Sexually-transmitted disease" or
"venereal disease" is an infectious disease commonly contracted through sexual
contact such as chancroid, chlamydia, gonococcal infection, granuloma
inguinale, human immunodeficiency virus infection, lymphogranuloma venereum, or
(Z) "Surveillance" means,
in the public health service, the systematic collection, analysis,
interpretation, and dissemination, of health data on an on-going basis, to gain
knowledge of the pattern of disease occurrence and potential in a community in
order to control and prevent disease in the community.
(AA) "Susceptible person" means a person
that, when exposed to an infectious microorganism, may not possess sufficient
resistance to prevent contracting the infection or disease.