What are Ohio works first (OWF) payments
and how are they calculated?
(1) OWF payments
are payments made to an assistance group which represent the difference between
the countable income and the appropriate OWF payment standard.
An assistance group's countable income is
determined by the appropriate calculation as described in rules
and 5101:1-23-20.2 of the Administrative Code.
Payments are calculated based on a
(a) When an assistance group
is eligible for a certain level of assistance on the first day of the month,
the assistance group remains eligible for at least that level of assistance for
the entire month.
A change in
circumstances during the month does not reduce the level of assistance for
which the assistance group is eligible for that month, with the exception of
the following provisions:
OWF cannot be
provided for a minor child, parent or specified relative who, without good
cause, has been, or is expected to be, absent from the home for a period of
more than forty-five consecutive days. The period of ineligibility begins with
the forty-sixth day from the date that the member left the household, unless
the provision described in division (E)(1) of section
of the Revised Code is
A parent(s) or specified relative who fails to report that the
absence of a child will exceed or has exceeded forty-five consecutive days as
described in rule
5101:1-3-04 of the
Administrative Code is also ineligible for a specified period of time. The
beginning date of ineligibility shall be the same day determined as the
beginning day of ineligibility for the absent child. The ineligibility
continues until the day that the absence was reported by the parent(s) or
specified relative or was discovered by the county agency.
(ii) A child who was eligible for, and
receiving OWF benefits on the first of the month, and who is removed from the
assistance group during the month and placed in IV-E foster care, is not
eligible to receive both OWF and IV-E foster care in that month, unless the
provision described in division (E)(1) of section
5107.10 of the Revised Code is
How is the beginning date of OWF
(1) OWF eligibility
shall not begin prior to the date of application.
(2) When all OWF eligibility factors have
been verified and the verifications indicate that all OWF eligibility factors
were met prior to the date of verification, OWF eligibility begins on the date
all eligibility factors were met.
(3) When all OWF eligibility factors have
been verified and the verifications do not indicate the date on which all OWF
eligibility factors were met, OWF eligibility begins on the date all
eligibility factors were verified.
Certain verified eligibility factors have
special considerations that apply when determining if the eligibility factor
has been met. As an eligibility factor:
Pregnancy is met:
(i) When it is medically
verified that the woman is at least in her sixth month of pregnancy;
(ii) If born, the child would
otherwise be eligible for OWF.
(b) The social security number requirement is
met when the applicant provides or applies for a social security
(c) For newborns, the
social security number requirement is met on the child's date of birth when the
social security number is applied for but no later than the first day of the
second month following birth or following the mother's discharge from the
(d) For a teen parent who
is required to enroll in school as a condition of OWF, the enrollment
requirement is met on the date the individual enrolls in school.
What happens when an
individual is added to an existing OWF assistance group?
An individual is considered to be a part
of the assistance group as of the date that individual becomes a required
assistance group member as described in rule
Administrative Code and meets all eligibility requirements as described in this
When an individual is
being added to the OWF case and all other eligibility factors are met, the
beginning date of OWF is:
The date the
individual enters the home, when the reporting responsibilities as described in
Administrative Code are met; or
The date the change was reported to the county agency or the date the county
agency becomes aware of the change, if the reporting responsibilities as
described in rule
Administrative Code are not met.
(c) For newborns being added to the OWF case,
the beginning date of OWF is the date of birth, provided the reporting
responsibilities are met.
specified relatives in need to be added to the OWF case, the beginning date of
OWF is the date that assistance is requested.
(3) The county agency shall determine
eligibility for the assistance group using the individual's needs and income
from the date that the individual is a required assistance group member, or in
the case of the specified relative in need, the date that the assistance is
requested and all other eligibility factors are met.
OWF can only be authorized for the period
of time in which all eligibility factors have been met. For purposes of
determining the beginning date of OWF, enumeration and child support assignment
may be deemed to be met retroactive to the date the individual was a required
assistance group member. The deeming of these eligibility requirements are only
The individual's presence in
the home is reported to the county agency on a timely basis as described in
Administrative Code; and
assistance group cooperates with the county agency in satisfying all required
When the assistance group fails to meet these conditions, the county agency
shall not deem that enumeration and child support assignment requirements have
When the county
from a hospital indicating that a child
has been born, the county agency shall follow the provisions described in
paragraph (C)(2) of this rule.
What is concurrent receipt of assistance?
(1) Concurrent receipt of assistance is the
receipt of OWF assistance by an assistance group under more than one public
assistance grant in the same month. The receipt of public assistance, from two
or more different states, for the same time period also constitutes concurrent
receipt of assistance.
assistance group member shall not be eligible to receive or have his or her
needs covered by OWF in more than one assistance group or more than one county
in any given month. The exception to this provision is the removal of a child
by a public children services agency, as described in section
of the Revised Code. In
these situations, OWF could be authorized for up to six payment months for the
following assistance groups:
(a) The OWF
assistance group where the child(ren) was removed from and an OWF assistance
group where the child(ren) is placed; or
(b) The OWF assistance group where the
child(ren) was removed from and a Title IV-E foster care assistance group where
the child(ren) is placed.
(3) An individual whose needs are met by the
supplemental security income (SSI) program shall not be eligible to have his
needs included in an OWF assistance group concurrently.
(4) An assistance group member is not
ineligible for inclusion in a new assistance group solely because that member's
needs are still included in a former assistance group. The county agency must
determine at what point the assistance group member became ineligible for
inclusion in the first assistance group. The county agency shall then determine
eligibility and authorize assistance for the new assistance group. The fact
that the assistance group member's needs have not been removed from the former
assistance group shall not preclude eligibility or delay the beginning date of
OWF for the new assistance group.
(5) When the assistance group is receiving or
is believed to be receiving cash assistance from another state, the county
agency shall determine at what point the assistance group became ineligible for
cash assistance in the former state prior to approving OWF.
What happens when an
assistance group is eligible to receive less than ten dollars?
OWF shall not be authorized when the amount an assistance group
is eligible to receive is at least one dollar but less than ten dollars per
When are payments
prorated and do time limits apply to a prorated month of benefits?
(1) The county agency shall prorate the OWF
payment when an assistance group has eligibility for less than a full month's
grant. Retroactive benefits may be authorized as the result of a hearing
decision or court order or if OWF was erroneously denied, terminated, or
delayed and corrective action is being taken.
(2) Support services (e.g., transportation)
and learning, earning and parenting (LEAP) program's allowances are never
Time limits, as
described in rule
Administrative Code are applicable for any prorated or retroactive OWF payment.
The assistance group has the option to decline a prorated month of
How is the
OWF payment delivered?
Subject to the limitations provided in
608 (10/2012) OWF payments are delivered
unconditionally to the parent, specified relative, legal custodian or legal
guardian, except as described in paragraph (I) of this rule.
(1) The benefit is delivered only to the
assistance group or protective payee. When the child is living with a parent,
specified relative, custodian or legal guardian, the benefit shall be paid to
that individual, unless there is a protective payee designated to receive
payment as described in paragraph (I) of this rule.
(2) For two-parent assistance groups, the
payee will be decided by the assistance group and should be paid to the parent
who will act in the best interest of the family.
(3) In an emergency situation which deprives
an eligible dependent child of care from the parent, specified relative,
custodian or legal guardian, that individual may designate another person to
act as the protective payee during the emergency period, if that person is
willing to be designated. If the individual is not capable of making a choice,
the county agency shall designate a protective payee.
(4) The emergency period must not exceed a
maximum of two consecutive months following the month the emergency occurred.
If the parent, specified relative, custodian or legal guardian will not resume
care of the child within that period, or it appears doubtful, alternative plans
for the child's care must be completed within that period of time.
Who can be designated as a
protective payee and why?
(1) A protective
payee is a representative of the assistance group who is responsible for
receiving and managing the payment on behalf of the assistance group.
Situations in which it is appropriate to
have a protective payee include:
assistance group where a member is serving a permanent disqualification penalty
due to an intentional program violation under the former aid to families with
dependent children program.
assistance group with a minor parent or pregnant minor, as described in section
5107.24 of the Revised Code. The
protective payment continues until the minor marries, turns eighteen years of
age, or the adult parent, specified relative, custodian or legal guardian
cannot or will not continue as the protective payee. Protective payments are
not required for a minor residing in an adult-supervised supportive living
arrangement as described in section
5107.24 of the Revised
The assistance group has
a money mismangement situation which means a demonstrated inability to manage
funds. A determination of mismanagement shall not be made solely on the fact
that bills are not paid in a timely manner. The following are examples of money
mismanagement situations and are not all inclusive:
(i) Payments received by the parent,
specified relative, custodian or legal guardian have not been or are not
currently used in the best interest of the child.
(ii) The parent, specified relative,
custodian or legal guardian has misused funds to the extent that allowing that
individual to manage the OWF grant is a threat to the health and safety of the
The selection of the protective payee shall be made by the assistance group or
the county agency with participation and consent from the assistance group. The
protective payee may be a relative or friend of the assistance group, an agency
providing protective services or a member of the assistance group. If no
protective payee can be located, the disqualified member or minor parent can
continue to receive the benefits in their name.
The following individuals are excluded from serving as a
(a) A county agency
(b) The eligibility
determiner for the assistance group;
(c) Any county agency employee responsible
for any fiscal aspects of the assistance group;
(d) A county agency special investigative or
grocers, or any other vendor of goods or services dealing directly with the
Ohio Admin. Code
Five Year Review (FYR) Dates:
Effective Dates: 01/01/1974, 01/01/1975, 11/01/1976, 12/31/1977, 10/01/1978,
10/26/1978, 12/01/1978, 05/01/1979, 09/21/1979, 12/01/1981, 05/01/1982,
07/01/1983, 07/11/1983, 11/01/1983 (Temp.), 11/11/1983, 01/01/1984, 06/01/1984,
06/01/1984 (Temp.), 07/01/1984, 07/15/1984, 07/15/1984 (Temp.), 10/01/1984,
10/01/1984 (Temp.), 10/02/1984 (Emer.), 12/27/1984, 01/01/1985 (Emer.),
04/01/1985, 07/01/1985 (Emer.), 09/29/1985, 04/01/1986, 08/01/1986 (Emer.),
10/03/1986, 01/01/1988, 04/01/1988 (Emer.), 06/10/1988, 09/01/1988 (Emer.),
11/03/1988, 04/01/1989 (Emer.), 04/24/1989, 07/01/1990, 10/01/1990, 05/01/1991,
10/01/1991 (Emer.), 12/20/1991, 05/01/1992, 05/01/1993, 09/01/1993, 09/01/1994,
05/01/1995, 08/01/1995 (Emer.), 10/30/1995, 01/01/1996, 10/01/1996 (Emer.),
12/15/1996, 05/01/1997, 10/01/1997 (Emer.), 12/30/1997, 07/01/1998, 10/01/1999,
07/07/2001, 03/01/2002, 08/29/2003 (Emer.), 11/01/2003, 07/01/2007, 05/01/2010,