Plans And Specifications For Review
(a) No person shall begin construction of a
public swimming pool or shall alter or reconstruct any public swimming pool
without first having submitted plans and specifications to the Department for
review and having received approval. All plans and specifications shall be
submitted in duplicate.
permit to operate a constructed, altered, or reconstructed swimming pool shall
be issued unless said pool design has been approved by the
(c) All types of
pools shall be designed and constructed to withstand all anticipated loads and
for both full and empty conditions. A hydrostatic relief valve shall be
provided in each main drain. The designer or architect or engineer shall
certify the structural stability and safety of the pool in the plans and
shall be drawn to scale and include:
name of facility, location, and names and addresses of all owners and
2. the perimeter,
surface area, volume of the pool, total deck area, turnover rate, and maximum
3. a detailed layout
of pool, including fencing, all pool facilities and related
4. top and
cross-sectional diagrams with dimensions so that depths and clearances may be
determined for all areas of the pool;
5. all equipment (fittings, ladders, diving
boards, main drain(s), surface skimmers, overflow gutters, inlets, lights, and
other applicable equipment-) with spacing with dimensions;
6. layout and slope of deck area, indicating
size, location of hose bibb (s) depth markings, deck drains, and area to be
7. plumbing diagram
showing all pipe sizing and location;
8. equipment room diagram showing layout and
elevation, sump, floor drain(s), and other equipment and facilities;
9. complete equipment list with manufacturer
specifications to include model, model number, size, capacity,
10. source(s) of
11. method of sewage
12. design of gas
chlorination system, showing location in relation to the pool and other
information as requested by the Department.
(e) After all piping has been installed and
before it is covered, the owner or operator shall notify the Department so that
a complete piping inspection can be conducted. The owner or contractor shall
notify the Department at other specified stages of construction for interim
inspections, if such a request is made.
(a) Bathhouse facilities shall be provided
within two hundred (200) feet for all Type "All pools. At Type
B, C, & E pools, bathhouse facilities shall be provided within eight
hundred (800) feet of the pool. Bathroom facilities used in conjunction with
living or lodging can be substituted for criteria as set forth in the following
Toilet and shower
facilities shall be provided in the following ratios for the number of swimmers
indicated or major fraction thereof:
*Number of swimmers
2. Hose Bibbs shall be provided for flushing
down dressing rooms and bathhouse interior. Each hose bibb shall be equipped
with an approved anti-siphon prevention device.
3. Floors of the bathhouse shall be of
impervious material, graded to drain, smooth and with a nonslip finish. Floor
drains shall be located to ensure drainage of all parts of the
4. All dressing room
booths, if provided, shall be made of durable materials.
5. Lighting and Ventilation. All bathhouse
shower and dressing room areas shall be ventilated and lighted. Minimum
lighting in dressing room areas shall be not less than ten foot candles at a
point three feet from the floor. Ventilation shall be sufficient to prevent
condensation and odor accumulation.
6. Soap dispensers shall be provided at each
lavatory and shower head at the rate of one dispenser for every two lavatories
and each shower head. The use of bar soap is prohibited.
7. Water under pressure shall be provided at
all showerheads and lavatories. The actual rate of flow shall be in accordance
with current Southern Building Codes Standards. Hot water shall be a minimum of
90ºF and shall not exceed 120ºF.
8. Towels. Single service towel holders or
blower type hand dryers shall be provided at each handwashing facility at the
rate of one approved dispenser per four lavatories.
9. Facilities shall be finished in light
colors and designed so that good sanitation can be maintained.
Coding of Piping And Equipment
- All piping, valves, and equipment are to be labeled with legible print
stating the following:
1. water lines -
2. recirculation filtered,
skimmer or gutter return, main drain;
3. chemical lines alum, chlorine (gas and
solution) soda ash, acid;
lines - backwash waste, sewer (sanitary or otherwise), deck drains;
5. other - Compressed air, gas
(natural or bottled).
Construction Material And Finish
1. Swimming pools shall be constructed of
materials that are inert, non-toxic, impervious, permanent, and enduring. The
materials shall be able to withstand the design stresses and be water tight,
with a smooth and easily cleaned surface. The materials shall be finished in a
white or light color.
earth, or vinyl liners are not permitted in swimming pool
3. All sections of a
flume or slide for Type "E" pools shall be designed and
constructed to prevent abrasion or injury. All surfaces shall be sealed and
4. Steps, ledges and/or
seats inside Type A, B and C pools, located below the normal water level, shall
be clearly identified or be colored in contrast with the rest of the pool
Deck areas shall be continuous around the
pool with a minimum width as follows:
||eight (8) feet;
||six (6) feet;
||four (4) feet;
||no minimum requirement;
||eight (8) feet around the
exit of the landing pools, four (4) feet around the starting point.
minimum of three (3) feet of deck width shall be provided on the sides and rear
of any piece of diving or sliding equipment and lifeguard chairs.
3. The deck shall be constructed of slip
resistant material and have a finish that will be of no hazard to bare feet. It
shall have a slope of not less than one-fourth (1/4) inch nor more than
three-eighths (3/8) inch to the foot and shall be so designed as to conduct
drainage away from the pool area in a manner not to create or maintain standing
water. All deck drainage shall be "to waste."
Deck drains shall be installed where necessary to prevent standing
4. Hose bibbs shall be
provided around the perimeter of the deck area at intervals such that all parts
of the deck can be reached with a hose.
(f) Depth. The beginning depth in the shallow
portion shall not be less than three (3) feet and shall not exceed three (3)
feet six (6) inches, except for restricted use pools, such as competitive
swimming, diving, wading pools, wave-pools, or zero entry pools.
(g) Depth Markers At All Type A, B, And E
Pools. The depth of the water shall be plainly marked in feet on both sides and
at each end at or above the water surface on the vertical pool wall and on the
coping or deck next to the pool and at maximum and minimum depths of the pool.
Depth markers shall be spaced at intervals no greater than twenty (20) feet
with numerals of at least four (4) inches in height and of a color contrasting
with the background. Where depth markings are required, they shall be in whole
foot increments of depth; except across the shallow area and corresponding deck
area. The depth shall be marked to the nearest one half (1/2) foot increment of
1. where diving boards or
towers are provided, minimum dimensions of pools, maximum clearances from
diving board(s), and other required dimensions for diving equipment and pools
shall be in accordance with Figure 1.
2. Diving boards and towers in excess of
three (3) meters in height are prohibited in a public swimming pool, except for
pools specifically designed and used for competitive type diving and
3. At least fifteen
(15) feet of unobstructed vertical distance shall be maintained above any
diving board. This fifteen (15) feet height shall extend ten (10) feet to each
side and sixteen (16) feet ahead of the front end of the board. If a pool has
more than one diving board, the above distances shall be provided for each
board or tower.
4. All steps,
platforms, towers, and diving boards one meter in height or greater shall be
provided with handrails that extend to inside of coping edge.
(i) Drinking Fountain - At least
one (1) approved drinking fountain shall be provided within 200 feet of Type A
1. Electrical equipment for all pool
facilities shall conform with all applicable local codes and the National Fire
Protection Association's National Electric Code.
2. overhead wiring, not in conduit, shall not
pass within an area extending a distance of twenty (20) feet horizontally away
from the inside edge of the pool walls, diving structures, observation stands,
towers, or platforms.
(k) Equipment Room(s) or Enclosure - An
enclosed area shall be provided that will prevent unauthorized access to all
chemical feeders and filtration equipment. It shall be illuminated, ventilated,
and sized for ease of operation and accessibility.
1. All outside pools shall be enclosed by a
chain link fence or equal barrier of minimum four (4) feet in height.
2. If picket type fencing is used, the
spacing between pickets shall not exceed four (4) inches. The top of the bottom
rail shall not exceed four (4) inches above grade, and the top rail shall be no
less than forty-three (43) inches above grade.
3. All access openings in the fence or
barrier shall be equipped with gates or doors with self-closing and
self-latching mechanisms and hardware for permanent locking. Fencing and/or
barriers shall be maintained in good repair. All pools shall be protected by a
wall, building, enclosure, or link fence with a minimum height of four (4)
feet, or other functionally equivalent barriers approved by the
Spout. The fill spout shall be located underneath the diving board or within
four (4) inches of a pool ladder and not protrude beyond the edge of the pool.
if the pool has no diving board or ladder, the fill spout shall not extend
beyond the edge of the pool coping or otherwise be located so as to create a
1. Diatomite Filters. The filter rate for
diatomite filters shall not exceed one and one-half (1.5) gallons per minute
per square foot of filter surface area.
2. Sand-High Rate. Filter rate shall not
exceed fifteen (15) gallons per minute per square foot of filter surface area.
The filter(s) shall be provided with pressure gauges for determining the need
for backwashing, backwash sight glass, and air-relief device. The backwash rate
shall not be less than the filter rate.
3. Cartridge. Filters shall be of a
disposable or washable element. Rate of flow shall not exceed 0.375 gallons per
minute (G.P.M.) per square foot of filter surface area at all type pools. One
extra complete set of filter units shall be on hand at all times at the
4. Other filters. Any filters
other than those described above that are functionally equivalent may be
approved by the Department.
designer shall identify procedures or methods for backwashing and/or cleaning
6. All type filters shall
comply in all respects with the Standards of the National Sanitation Foundation
covering such filters.
(o) Filter Backwash. Backwash from the
filter(s) shall be piped to a sanitary sewer or other disposal method approved
by the Department. In all cases of filter backwash discharge, an air-gap shall
be provided with a minimum of six (6) inches between the discharge pipe and top
of the sump or sewer piping. Both the sump and the exit pipe shall be sized to
accommodate the backwash flow.
1. chlorination equipment shall
be located so that an equipment failure or malfunction will have minimum effect
on pool users or other adjacent facilities in an emergency.
2. Facilities for securing cylinders shall be
If installed below
grade or within an enclosure, the area shall be provided with
(i) an air-tight duct from the bottom of the
enclosure to atmosphere in an unrestricted area,
(ii) a motor driven exhaust fan capable of
producing at least one air change per minute, and
(iii) automatic louvers of good design near
the top of the enclosure for admitting fresh air.
4. Elemental chlorine feeders shall be
activated by a booster pump and solenoids using recirculated water supplied via
the recirculation system. The booster pump should be interlocked to the filter
pump to prevent feeding of chlorine when the recirculation pump is not
5. Connections from the
cylinders to the system depend on the type of chlorinator to be used and shall
comply with the chlorinator manufacturer's
switches for the control of artificial lighting and ventilation within the
enclosure shall be on the outside of the enclosure and adjacent to the
Strainer. A corrosion-resistant strainer (except for Vacuum Diatomite Filters
and Vacuum Sand Filters) located on the vacuum side of the filtration pump
shall be provided to remove solids, debris, hair, arid lint.
(r) Lifeline. In Type A and B pools where the
maximum pool. depth exceeds five (5) feet six (6) inches, there shall be a
lifeline, provided with floats made of soft material of contrasting color
located at not more than five (5) feet intervals, separating the shallow and
the deep end at or before the five (5) feet- depth area. The lifeline shall be
made of polypropylene or nylon, be a minimum of three-fourths (3/4) inch
diameter, and be in good condition. "Wave "
type pools shall be exempted from this requirement.
Lifeguard Chairs. There shall be a
minimum of one (1) elevated lifeguard chair provided for all Type
pools with a minimum of eighteen hundred
(1,800) square feet of pool surface area. The number of square feet with
required number of lifeguard chairs shall be as follows.
||1,800 - 3,000
||1 lifeguard chair
||3,001 - 6,000
||2 lifeguard chairs
||6,001 - 9,000
||3 lifeguard chairs
additional chair per each additional 3,000 square feet.
3. All other pools shall meet the same
requirements relative to lifeguard chairs as Type
"A" pools when there is a diving board of one
(1) meter or more.
1. Artificial lighting shall be
provided at all pools that are to be used at night or which do not have
adequate natural lighting. A minimum of five (5) feet candles per square foot
at the deck level shall be provided.
2. Underwater lighting shall be provided at
all pools. Such lighting shall be not less than 0.5 watts per square foot of
pool surface area. Lights shall be positioned so that all portions of the pool
are clearly visible to an observer on the pool deck.
3. overhead Lights. There shall be no light
fixtures directly above the water surface.
1. All pools shall be provided with main
drain outlets at the deepest point of the pool. All pools shall have a minimum
of two (2) interconnected main drains. Jet pump type systems shall be connected
to multiple (two minimum) main drains.
2. Each floor outlet grate area shall be such
that when the maximum flow of water is being pumped through the floor outlet,
the velocity through the open area of the grate shall not be greater than two
(2) feet per second. Floor outlet grates shall be anchored, tamper proof with
slots not more than one-half (1/2) inch wide.
3. When the outlet grates are of the
anti-vortex type, maximum entrance velocities may be increased to six (6) feet
per second. All main drains shall be of corrosion-resistant
1. Upon completion of the pool,
the builder shall give the owner and/or operator complete written instructions
on the operation and maintenance of the pool and equipment.
2. These instructions, including the valve
schedule, shall be supplied in not less than two (2) copies. one copy shall be
encased in a waterproof covering available to the pool operator and to the
Department's representative during inspection.
1. overflow gutters shall be required on all
pools with a surface area greater than or equal to 5,000 sq. ft. Pools of less
than 5,000 sq. ft. shall have overflow gutters or be equipped with at least one
skimmer for each 500 square feet or fraction thereof.
2. overflow edge of the gutters shall be
level within 1/8 inch and extend completely around the pool except at steps,
ramps, or other fixtures approved prior to construction.
3. The opening into the gutter beneath the
coping shall not be less than four (4) inches. The interior of the gutter shall
have a width and depth of at least three (3) inches and be designed to prevent
entrapment of bathers' arms and legs. The overflow edge of the
lip shall serve as a handhold and be rounded.
4. The overflow system shall be capable of
continuously removing 50 percent or more of the recirculated water and
returning it to the recirculation system through a surge system with a capacity
of not less than one gallon for each square foot of pool surface
5. The gutter drain outlets
shall be constructed of a non-corrosive material and shall be placed on a
maximum of fifteen foot centers. The gutter bottom shall slope toward these
outlets with a minimum slope of one-eigth (1/8) inch per foot or be designed to
continuously flush the gutter bottom.
(x) Piping - Piping shall be stainless steel,
National Sanitation Foundation (N.S.F.) swimming pool approved reenforced flex
pipe or water type PVC schedule 40 or better. Suction piping shall be designed
to move the required quantity of water at a maximum velocity not to exceed six
(6) feet per second. The face piping shall be sized as indicated in Tables I,
II, and III. Return piping system shall circle the pool and shall not be
reduced in size from the face piping size more than one standard pipe size at
the "T" and one size for each two (2) inlets on each side of the "T". Reduction
of piping size and number of inlets shall be balanced by having an equal number
on each side of the "T".
Heaters - A heater thermostat shall be provided that will turn the heater off
should the pool temperature go above one hundred four degrees Fahrenheit
(104ºF) A heater bypass and valve equal in size to the
return face piping requirement shall be provided when the heater core size is
smaller than the return face piping.
1. Inlets shall be spaced not over twenty
(20) feet apart, with one inlet within 5 feet of each corner of the pool and
one in each recessed area or recessed step area. They shall be located at least
twelve (12) inches below the normal operating water level.
2. Inlet fittings shall be of the adjustable
rate-of-flow type. Directional flow inlets shall be used with skimmer type
pools. Inlets shall not protrude from the floor or wall to create a
3. All type pools shall be
required to install a minimum of two (2) inlets.
(aa) Pressure Gauges. Pressure gauge(s) shall
be installed and maintained on the influent side of the filter (high rate sand
filter), read in pounds per square inch (psi), and maintained in an operational
condition. Pressure gauge(s) on other sand filters and other type filters shall
be installed according to manufacturer specifications.
Pump And Motor
The pump and motor shall be of adequate
size and capacity to provide the required pool turnover rate, and shall be
located to eliminate the need for priming. The pump design shall be based on an
assumed total dynamic head of not less than fifty (50) feet of water. The
following items or systems are prohibited:
(ii) dual pumps wired
to separate switches
corrosion-resistant strainer located on the vacuum side of the filtration pump
shall be provided to remove solids, debris, hair, and lint.
3. Minimum size in horsepower shall conform
to applicable criteria in Tables I, II, or III of these rules or by the
manufacturer's pump curve.
(cc) Rate Of Flow Indicator. Public pools
shall be provided with an operational rate of flow indicator that reads in
gallons per minute (G.P.M.) located on the discharge line from the filter as
per manufacturer specifications.
The inlet side of the recirculating system
shall be designed to achieve the required turn over rate. The recirculation
system shall be designed to have the capacity to
(i) flow fifty (50) percent through the
overflow or skimming facilities and fifty (50) percent through the main
(ii) eighty (80) percent of
the recirculation through the overflow or skimming facilities, and
(iii) one hundred percent (100) through the
recirculating system shall be designed in accordance with Tables I, II, or III
of these rules.
Sewage Disposal. Sewage shall be disposed of according to law.
(ff) Sidewalls. Sidewalls of the pool design
shall be as shown in Figure 1. Ledges and/or seats inside the main pool body,
below the normal water level, shall conform to the minimum N.S.P.I. standards.
The top of the pool wall shall be uniformly level and designed with bull nosed
coping or some other acceptable means by which an adequate handhold is provided
around the entire pool perimeter. All junctions of walls and floors shall be
rounded with a minimum six (6) inches radius.
(gg) Sight Glass. An approved sight glass or
other approved method shall be installed to observe backwash waste water from
all sand filters.
(hh) Signs. Where
no lifeguard is required at Type A, B, and C pools, a warning sign with clearly
legible letters at least 4 inches high shall be placed in plain view stating
"WARNING - NO LIFEGUARD. It No diving sign(s) shall be
displayed in conspicuous locations at all pools not meeting the minimum
requirements for diving. The sign shall read "NO
DIVING" with minimum four (4) inches lettering.
1. When skimmers are required, there shall be
one skimmer for the first 500 square feet of pool surface area and one skimmer
for each additional 500 square feet or fraction thereof.
2. No skimmer shall be located closer than
five feet to the nearest inlet.
When surface skimming devices are used, handholds shall be provided which
consist of bull-nosed coping not over 2 1/2 inches thick or an equivalent
device. The handholds shall be no more than nine inches above the normal
operating water level.
skimmer weir shall be automatically adjustable and shall operate freely with
continuous action to variations in water level over a range of at least four
5. An easily removable and
cleanable basket or screen through which all overflow water passes shall be
provided to trap large solids.
Type C and D pool inlets and outlets shall be provided and arranged to produce
complete recirculation of pool water and maintenance of the required residual
of sanitizing agent. These type pools shall be provided with a means of
completely draining the contents of the pool to waste without passing through
7. An equalizer line
shall be installed for all Type C and D pools.
(jj) Slope. The pool shall have a uniform
slope from the shallow end to the slope transition point not exceeding one (1)
foot vertical to twelve (12) feet horizontal. Where the depth is greater than
five feet, the slope shall not exceed one (1) foot vertical to three (3) feet
(kk) Steps And Ladders.
Two (2) or more ladders shall be provided for Type A & B pools. At least
one (1) ladder shall be provided for each seventy-five (75) feet of pool
perimeter. Ladders shall have a minimum of three steps with non-slip treads.
One (1) ladder may be deleted if steps are installed in the shallow end of the
pool. Nonslip steps will be allowed on the shallow end and may extend inside
the pool provided they are plainly marked. Where steps are used, a minimum of
one (1) handrail shall be installed from the mid-point of the bottom step to
the deck. Any steps over ten (10) feet wide shall have handrails on the edges
and spaced not more than six (6) feet on centers. Steps shall not have a rise
of more than 10 inches and a tread of 12 inches. Construction of steps and
ladders shall conform to criteria as set forth in Figure 1.
Turnover Rates. Pools shall be designed
to filter and disinfect the water according to the following rates.
1. All Type A and B pools shall be designed
to filter and disinfect the entire volume of water in no more than 6
2. All Type C and E pools
shall be designed to filter and disinfect the entire volume of water in no more
than 1 I-lour.
3. All Class D pools
shall be designed to filter and disinfect the entire volume of water in no more
than 30 minutes.
Vacuum Equipment. An operational vacuum cleaning system shall be provided at
all pools. Built-in vacuum outlets shall not be more than eight (8) inches
below the normal operating water level.
1. All water used in drinking fountains,
lavatories, showers, and hose bibbs shall be from a potable source.
2. All water used to fill the swimming pool
shall be from a source approved by the Commissioner.
3. Hot and cold water under pressure shall be
provided at shower heads and lavatories.
4. There shall be no cross connections within
any portion of the pool facilities. Hose bibbs shall be equipped with an
approved anti-siphon prevention device.