12 Va. Admin. Code § 30-50-490 - Support coordination/case management for individuals with developmental disabilities
Current through Register Vol. 38, No. 9, December 20, 2021
Statutory Authority: § 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia; 42 USC § 1396 et seq.
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12VAC30-50-490. Case management for individuals with developmental disabilities, including autism.
A. Target group. Medicaid-eligible individuals with related conditions who are six years of age and older and who are on the waiting list or are receiving services under the Individual and Family Developmental Disabilities Support (IFDDS) Waiver.
1. An active client for case management shall mean an individual for whom there is a plan of care that requires regular direct or client-related contacts or communication or activity with the client, family, service providers, significant others and others including at least one face-to-face contact every 90 calendar days. Billing can be submitted for an active client only for months in which direct or client-related contacts, activity or communications occur.
2. When an individual applies for the IFDDS Waiver and there is no available funding (slots), he will be placed on a waitlist until funding is available. The "Initial Waitlist Plan of Care" is completed with the case manager and identifies the services anticipated once a slot is available. Individuals on the waitlist do not have routine case management services unless there is a documented special service need in the plan of care. Case managers may make face-to-face contact every 90 calendar days to monitor the special service need and documentation is required to support such contact. The case manager will assure the plan of care addresses the current needs of the individual and will coordinate with DMAS to assure actual enrollment into the waiver upon slot availability.
3. The unit of service is one month. There shall be no maximum service limits for case management services except case management services for individuals residing in institutions or medical facilities. For these individuals, reimbursement for case management for institutionalized individuals may be billed for no more than two months in a 12-month cycle.
4. The unit of service is one month. There shall be no maximum service limits for case management services except case management services for individuals residing in institutions or medical facilities. For these individuals, reimbursement for case management for institutionalized individuals may be billed for no more than two months in a 12-month cycle.
B. Services will be provided in the entire state.
C. Services are not comparable in amount, duration, and scope. Authority of § 1915(g)(1) of the Social Security Act (Act) is invoked to provide services without regard to the requirements of § 1902(a)(10)(B) of the Act.
D. Definition of services. Case management services will be provided for Medicaid-eligible individuals with related conditions who are on the waiting list for or participants in the home and community-based care IFDDS Waiver. Case management services to be provided include:
1. Assessment and planning services, to include developing a consumer service plan (does not include performing medical and psychiatric assessment but does include referral for such assessments);
2. Linking the individual to services and supports specified in the consumer service plan;
3. Assisting the individual directly for the purpose of locating, developing, or obtaining needed services and resources;
4. Coordinating services with other agencies and providers involved with the individual;
5. Enhancing community integration by contacting other entities to arrange community access and involvement, including opportunities to learn community living skills and use vocational, civic, and recreational services;
6. Making collateral contacts with the individual's significant others to promote implementation of the service plan and community adjustment;
7. Following up and monitoring to assess ongoing progress and ensure services are delivered;
8. Education and counseling that guides the individual and develops a supportive relationship that promotes the service plan; and
9. Benefits counseling.
E. Qualifications of providers. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, specific provider qualifications are:
1. To qualify as a provider of services through DMAS for IFDDS Waiver case management, the service provider must meet these criteria:
a. Have the administrative and financial management capacity to meet state and federal requirements;
b. Have the ability to document and maintain recipient case records in accordance with state and federal requirements; and
c. Be enrolled as an IFDDS case management agency by DMAS.
2. Providers may bill for Medicaid case management only when the services are provided by qualified case managers. The case manager must possess a combination of developmental disability work experience or relevant education, which indicates that the individual possesses the following knowledge, skills, and abilities, at the entry level. These must be documented or observable in the application form or supporting documentation or in the interview (with appropriate documentation).
a. Knowledge of:
(1) The definition, causes, and program philosophy of developmental disabilities;
(2) Treatment modalities and intervention techniques, such as behavior management, independent living skills, training, supportive counseling, family education, crisis intervention, discharge planning and service coordination;
(3) Different types of assessments and their uses in program planning;
(4) Individuals' rights;
(5) Local service delivery systems, including support services;
(6) Types of developmental disability programs and services;
(7) Effective oral, written, and interpersonal communication principles and techniques;
(8) General principles of record documentation; and
(9) The service planning process and the major components of a service plan.
b. Skills in:
(2) Negotiating with individuals and service providers;
(3) Observing, recording, and reporting behaviors;
(4) Identifying and documenting an individual's needs for resources, services, and other assistance;
(5) Identifying services within the established service system to meet the individual's needs;
(6) Coordinating the provision of services by diverse public and private providers;
(7) Analyzing and planning for the service needs of developmentally disabled persons;
(8) Formulating, writing, and implementing individual-specific service plans to promote goal attainment for recipients with developmental disabilities; and
(9) Using assessment tools.
c. Abilities to:
(1) Demonstrate a positive regard for individuals and their families (e.g., allowing risk taking, avoiding stereotypes of developmentally disabled people, respecting individuals' and families' privacy, believing individuals can grow);
(2) Be persistent and remain objective;
(3) Work as a team member, maintaining effective inter- and intra-agency working relationships;
(4) Work independently, performing positive duties under general supervision;
(5) Communicate effectively, orally and in writing; and
(6) Establish and maintain ongoing supportive relationships.
3. In addition, case managers who enroll with DMAS to provide case management services after (insert the effective date of these regulations) must possess a minimum of an undergraduate degree in a human services field. Providers who had a Medicaid participation agreement to provide case management prior to February 1, 2005, and who maintain that agreement without interruption may continue to provide case management using the KSA requirements effective prior to February 1, 2005.
4. Case managers who are employed by an organization must receive supervision within the same organization. Case managers who are self-employed must obtain one hour of documented supervision every three months when the case manager has active cases. The individual who provides the supervision to the case manager must have a master's level degree in a human services field and/or have five years of satisfactory experience in the field working with individuals with related conditions as defined in 42 CFR 435.1009. A case management provider cannot supervise another case management provider.
5. Case managers must complete eight hours of training annually in one or a combination of the areas described in the knowledge, skills and abilities (KSA) subdivision. Case managers must have documentation to demonstrate training is completed. The documentation must be maintained by the case manager for the purposes of utilization review.
6. Parents, spouses, or any person living with the individual may not provide direct case management services for their child, spouse or the individual with whom they live or be employed by a company that provides case management for their child, spouse, or the individual with whom they live.
7. A case manager may provide services facilitation services. In these cases, the case manager must meet all the case management provider requirements as well as the service facilitation provider requirements. Individuals and their family/caregivers, as appropriate, have the right to choose whether the case manager may provide services facilitation or to have a separate services facilitator and this choice must be clearly documented in the individual's record. If case managers are not services facilitation providers, the case manager must assist the individual and his family/caregiver, as appropriate, to locate an available services facilitator.
8. If the case manager is not serving as the individual's services facilitator, the case manager may conduct the assessments and reassessment for CD services if the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, chooses. The individual's choice must be clearly documented in the case management record along with which provider is responsible for conducting the assessments and reassessments required for CD services.
F. The state assures that the provision of case management services will not restrict an individual's free choice of providers in violation of § 1902(a)(23) of the Act.
1. Eligible recipients will have free choice of the providers of case management services.
2. Eligible recipients will have free choice of the providers of other medical care under the plan.
G. Payment for case management services under the plan does not duplicate payments made to public agencies or private entities under other program authorities for this same purpose.
§ 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia and Item 319 T of Chapter 1073 of the 2000 Acts of Assembly.
Derived from Volume 17, Issue 18, eff. July 1, 2001; amended, Virginia Register Volume 23, Issue 20, eff. July 11, 2007.