CROUCH v. UNITED STATES.
266 U.S. 180 (45 S.Ct. 71, 69 L.Ed. 233)
CROUCH v. UNITED STATES.
Argued: Oct. 10, 1924.
Decided: Nov. 17, 1924.
- opinion, McREYNOLDS [HTML]
Messrs. James G. Martin and E. S. Merrill, both of Norfolk, Va., for plaintiff in error.
Mr. Assistant Attorney General Donovan, for the United States.
Mr. Justice McREYNOLDS delivered the opinion of the Court.
Under the Act of Congress approved October 6, 1917, c. 105, 40 Stat. 398, 409 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1919, § 514k et seq.), the United States in February, 1918, issued to Stephen Konstovich a policy of insurance, with Kathleen, his wife, as beneficiary. He went down with the Cyclops March 31, 1918, and the full amount of the policy, payable in monthly installments, was awarded to plaintiff Crouch as her guardian. Another award of $25 per month was made to him, as such guardian, on account of the busband's death.
Payments were regularly made until July 12, 1921, when the Bureau of War Risk Insurance gave notice that the beneficiary had terminated her claims for both insurance and compensation by misconduct. Thereupon the guardian commenced this proceeding in the District Court. The petition prays for judgment against the United States and that they be directed to pay all installments which have or may accrue. The trial judge concluded that by misconduct the widow had terminated her right to the insurance as of September 17, 1920; further, that the United States had not consented to be sued upon the award of compensation; and it dismissed the petition, April 7, 1922. The cause went to the Circuit Court of Appeals. That court, being of opinion that it was without jurisdiction, transferred the proceeding here. 291 F. 1016. Act Sept. 14, 1922, c. 305, 42 Stat. 837 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1923, § 1215a).
Article III, Act Oct. 6, 1917, provides for compensation where death occurs in the line of duty. Section 305 declares:
'That upon its own motion or upon application the bureau may at any time review an award, and, in accordance with the facts found upon such review, may end, diminish, or increase the compensation previously awarded, or, if compensation has been refused or discontinued, may award compensation.' Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1919, § 514rrrr.
No authority to sue the United States for compensation has been expressly granted, and that none exist under circumstances like those here presented is determined by Silberschein v. United States, 266 U. S. 221, 45 S. Ct. 69, 69 L. Ed. , decided today.
Article IV, Act Oct. 6, 1917, provides generally for the insurance of officers and enlisted men. Section 405:
'That in the event of disagreement as to a claim under the contract of insurance between the bureau and any beneficiary or beneficiaries thereunder, an action on the claim may be brought against the United States in the district court of the United States in and for the district in which such beneficiaries or any one of them resides.'
See Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1919, § 514vvv.
Section 13, as added to Act Sept. 2, 1914, by section 2 of the Act of 1917, as amended by the Act of May 20, 1918, c. 77, 40 Stat. 555, 556 (Comp. St. Ann. Supp. 1919, § 514kk), includes the language just quoted from section 405.
In United States v. Pfitsch, 256 U. S. 547, 41 S. Ct. 569, 65 L. Ed. 1084, we considered the question of jurisdiction under a statute similar to the one now before us and, in the course of discussion, pointed out that the Act of May 20, 1918, conferred upon district courts original jurisdiction over controversies arising out of claims against the United States under contracts of insurance. We adhere to the statement and hold that the applicable statutes in force when the present proceedings began did not authorize a direct writ of error from this court. The Circuit Court of Appeals had jurisdiction to review the challenged judgment.
Section 19 of the Act approved June 7, 1924, has no application to the present claim.
The cause must be returned to the Circuit Court of Appeals with directions to proceed.
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