§ 2-314. Implied Warranty: Merchantability; Usage of Trade.

(1) Unless excluded or modified (Section 2-316), a warranty that the goods shall be merchantable is implied in a contract for their sale if the seller is a merchantwith respect to goods of that kind. Under this section the serving for value of food or drink to be consumed either on the premises or elsewhere is a sale.

(2) Goodsto be merchantable must be at least such as

  • (a) pass without objection in the trade under the contractdescription; and
  • (b) in the case of fungible goods, are of fair average quality within the description; and
  • (c) are fit for the ordinary purposes for which such goodsare used; and
  • (d) run, within the variations permitted by the agreement, of even kind, quality and quantity within each unit and among all units involved; and
  • (e) are adequately contained, packaged, and labeled as the agreementmay require; and
  • (f) conform to the promise or affirmations of fact made on the container or label if any.

(3) Unless excluded or modified (Section 2-316) other implied warranties may arise from course of dealing or usage of trade.


Our collection aims to show each section of the U.C.C. in the version which is most widely adopted by states. That means we will not always display the most current revision if that revision has not achieved widespread adoption among American legislatures.