Transfer of Section
Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §§ 1801(d), 1841(c), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4151, 4243, provided that, effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, this section is transferred to chapter 301 of this title, as added by section 1841(a) of Pub. L. 116—283, added after section 4004 of this title, as transferred and redesignated by section 1841(b) of Pub. L. 116—283, and redesignated as section 4007 of this title. See Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note below.
A prior section 2359, added Pub. L. 96–107, title VIII, § 819(a)(1), Nov. 9, 1979, 93 Stat. 818, related to reports on salaries of officers of Federal contract research centers, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 101–510, div. A, title XIII, § 1322(a)(5), Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1671.
2019—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 116–92 substituted “Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering” for “Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics”.
Support for National Security Innovation and Entrepreneurial Education
Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title II, § 225, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1334, as amended by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title II, § 233, Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1692; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title II, § 219, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1260, provided that:
“(a) Support Authorized.—
“(1) In general.—
The Secretary of Defense may, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, support national security innovation and entrepreneurial education programs.
“(2) Elements.—Support under paragraph (1) may include the following:
Materials to recruit participants, including veterans, for programs described in paragraph (1).
Model curriculum for such programs.
Training materials for such programs.
Best practices for the conduct of such programs.
Experimental learning opportunities for program participants to interact with operational forces and better understand national security challenges.
Exchanges and partnerships with Department of Defense science and technology activities.
Activities consistent with the Proof of Concept Commercialization Pilot Program established under section 1603 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113–66
; 10 U.S.C. 2359
In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary may consult with the heads of such Federal agencies, universities, and public and private entities engaged in the development of advanced technologies as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
“(c) Authorities.—The Secretary may—
develop and maintain metrics to assess national security innovation and entrepreneurial education activities to ensure standards for programs supported under subsection (b) are consistent and being met; and
ensure that any recipient of an award under the Small Business Technology Transfer program, the Small Business Innovation Research program, and science and technology programs of the Department of Defense has the option to participate in training under a national security innovation and entrepreneurial education program supported under subsection (b).
“(d) Participation by Federal Employees and Members of the Armed Forces.—
The Secretary may encourage Federal employees and members of the Armed Forces to participate in a national security innovation and entrepreneurial education program supported under subsection (a) in order to gain exposure to modern innovation and entrepreneurial methodologies.
“(e) Coordination.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall consider coordinating and partnering with activities and organizations involved in the following:
The Army Digital Service.
The Defense Digital Service.
The Air Force Digital Service.
Challenge and prize competitions of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
The Defense Science Study Group.
The Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR).
The Small Business Technology Transfer Program (STTR).
War colleges of the military departments.
Hacking for Defense.
The National Security Science and Engineering Faculty Fellowship (NSSEFF) program.
The Science, Mathematics and Research for Transformation (SMART) scholarship program.
The young faculty award program of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
The National Security Technology Accelerator.
The I-Corps Program.
The Lab-Embedded Entrepreneurship Programs of the Department of Energy.”
Proof of Concept Commercialization of Dual-Use Technology Pilot Program
Pub. L. 113–66, div. A, title XVI, § 1603, Dec. 26, 2013, 127 Stat. 944, as amended by Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title VIII, § 818, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3432; Pub. L. 116–92, div. A, title II, § 217, Dec. 20, 2019, 133 Stat. 1258, provided that:
“(a) Pilot Program.—
The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the Secretary of each military department, may establish and implement a pilot program, to be known as the ‘Proof of Concept Commercialization of Dual-Use Technology Pilot Program’, with a focus on priority defense technology areas that attract public and private sector funding, as well as private sector investment capital, including from venture capital firms in the United States, in accordance with this section.
The purpose of the pilot program is to accelerate the commercialization of basic research innovations from qualifying institutions.
“(1) In general.—
Under the pilot program, the Secretary shall make financial awards to qualifying institutions in accordance with this subsection.
“(2) Competitive, merit-based process.—
An award under the pilot program shall be made using a competitive, merit-based process.
“(3) Eligibility.—A qualifying institution shall be eligible for an award under the pilot program if the institution agrees to—
use funds from the award for the uses specified in paragraph (5); and
“(B) oversee the use of the funds through—
rigorous review of commercialization potential or military utility of technologies, including through use of outside expertise;
technology validation milestones focused on market feasibility;
simple reporting on program progress; and
a process to reallocate funding from poor performing projects to those with more potential.
“(4) Criteria.—An award may be made under the pilot program to a qualifying institution in accordance with the following criteria:
“(A) The extent to which a qualifying institution—
has an established and proven technology transfer or commercialization office and has a plan for engaging that office in the program’s implementation or has outlined an innovative approach to technology transfer that has the potential to increase or accelerate technology transfer outcomes and can be adopted by other qualifying institutions;
can assemble a project management board comprised of industry, start-up, venture capital, technical, financial, and business experts;
has an intellectual property rights strategy or office; and
demonstrates a plan for sustainability beyond the duration of the funding from the award, which may include access to venture capital.
Such other criteria as the Secretary determines necessary.
“(5) Use of award.—
“(A) In general.—
Subject to subparagraph (B), the funds from an award may be used to evaluate the commercial potential of existing discoveries, including activities that contribute to determining a project’s commercialization path, including technical validations, market research, clarifying intellectual property rights, and investigating commercial and business opportunities.
The amount of an award may not exceed $1,000,000 a year.
Funds from an award may not be used for basic research, or to fund the acquisition of research equipment or supplies unrelated to commercialization activities.
“(e) Authorities.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary may use the following authorities:
Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for advanced technology achievements.
Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence.
Section 2521 of such title, relating to the Manufacturing Technology Program.
Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115–91
; 10 U.S.C. 2505
note), relating to a pilot program on strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
The pilot program conducted under this section shall terminate on September 30, 2024.”
Defense Research and Development Rapid Innovation Program
Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, § 1073, Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4366, as amended by Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title II, § 216, Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 769; Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title II, § 213, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2048, which related to the establishment of a competitive, merit-based program to accelerate the fielding of technologies developed pursuant to phase II Small Business Innovation Research Program projects, technologies developed by the defense laboratories, and other innovative technologies (including dual use technologies), was repealed by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title II, § 224(b)(1), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1684. See section 2359a of this title.