References in Text
Section 603 of the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976, referred to in par. (7), was classified to section 6683 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and was omitted from the Code.
2011—Par. (1). Pub. L. 111–383, § 895(a)(1), substituted “integration, services, or information technology” for “or maintenance”.
Par. (4). Pub. L. 111–383, § 895(a)(2), substituted “production, integration, services, or information technology” for “or production”.
Par. (9)(A). Pub. L. 111–383, § 895(a)(3), substituted “manufacturing, integration, services, and information technology” for “and manufacturing”.
Par. (15). Pub. L. 111–383, § 895(a)(4), added par. (15).
1997—Pub. L. 105–85, § 371(b)(3), renumbered section 2491 of this title as this section.
Par. (8). Pub. L. 105–85, § 1073(a)(53), substituted “that is identified under section 2505 of this title as critical for attaining the national security objectives set forth in section 2501(a) of this title.” for “that appears on the list of critical technologies contained, pursuant to subsection (b)(4) of section 2505 of this title, in the most recent national technology and industrial base assessment submitted to Congress by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to section 2506(e) of this title.”
1996—Pars. (11) to (16). Pub. L. 104–106 redesignated pars. (13) to (16) as (11) to (14), respectively, and struck out former pars. (11) and (12) which read as follows:
“(11) The term ‘manufacturing extension program’ means a public or private, nonprofit program for the improvement of the quality, productivity, and performance of United States-based small manufacturing firms in the United States.
“(12) The term ‘United States-based small manufacturing firm’ means a company or other business entity that, as determined by the Secretary of Commerce—
“(A) engages in manufacturing;
“(B) has less than 500 employees; and
“(C) is an eligible firm.”
1994—Par. (5). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1113(d), inserted before period at end “, except that such terms include a federally funded research and development center sponsored by a Federal agency”.
Par. (16). Pub. L. 103–337, § 1115(e), added par. (16).
1993—Par. (2). Pub. L. 103–160, § 1182(a)(9)(A), substituted “nonmilitary applications” for “nonmilitary application”.
Par. (8). Pub. L. 103–160, § 1182(a)(9)(B), substituted “subsection (b)(4)” for “subsection (f)”.
Pars. (13) to (15). Pub. L. 103–160, § 1315(f), added pars. (13) to (15).
Short Title of 1994 Amendment
Pub. L. 103–337, div. A, title XI, § 1101, Oct. 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 2862, provided that:
“This title [enacting sections 2519
of this title, amending this section, sections 1151
, and 2524
of this title, and sections 1662d and 1662d–1 of Title 29, Labor, and enacting and amending provisions set out as notes under section 2501 of this title
] may be cited as the ‘Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Amendments of 1994’.”
Short Title of 1993 Amendment
Pub. L. 103–160, div. A, title XIII, § 1301, Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1783, provided that:
“This title [enacting sections 1152
of this title and sections 1279d, 1279e, and 1280a of the Appendix to Title 46, Shipping, amending this section, sections 1142
, and 2524
of this title, sections 1551 and 1662d–1 of Title 29, Labor, section 31326 of Title 46
, and sections 1271, 1273, 1274, and 1274a of the Appendix to Title 46, repealing section 2504 of this title
, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 1143
, and 5013
of this title,section 1662d–1 of Title 29
, and sections 1279b and 1279d of the Appendix to Title 46, amending provisions set out as notes under sections 1143
, and 2501
of this title, and repealing provisions set out as a note under section 2701 of this title
] may be cited as the ‘Defense Conversion, Reinvestment, and Transition Assistance Amendments of 1993’.”
Application of 1993 Amendments to Existing Technology Reinvestment Projects
Amendment by section 1315(f) of Pub. L. 103–160 not to alter financial commitment requirements in effect on the day before Nov. 30, 1993, for non-Federal Government participants in a project funded under section 2511, 2512, 2513, 2523, or 2524 of this title, using funds appropriated for a fiscal year beginning before Oct. 1, 1993, see section 1315(g) of Pub. L. 103–160, set out as a note under section 2511 of this title.
Pub. L. 102–484, div. D, title XLI, § 4101, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2658, provided that:
“Congress makes the following findings:
The collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the dissolution of the Soviet Union have fundamentally changed the military threat that formed the basis for the national security policy of the United States since the end of World War II.
The change in the military threat presents a unique opportunity to restructure and reduce the military requirements of the United States.
As the United States proceeds with the post-Cold War defense build down, the Nation must recognize and address the impact of reduced defense spending on the military personnel, civilian employees, and defense industry workers who have been the foundation of the national defense policies of the United States.
The defense build down will have a significant impact on communities as procurements are reduced and military installations are closed and realigned.
Despite the changes in the military threat, the United States must maintain the capability to respond to regional conflicts that threaten the national interests of the United States, and to reconstitute forces in the event of an extended conflict.
The skills and capabilities of military personnel, civilian employees of the Department of Defense, defense industry workers, and defense industries represent an invaluable national resource that can contribute to the economic growth of the United States and to the long-term vitality of the national technology and industrial base.
“(7) Prompt and vigorous implementation of defense conversion, reinvestment, and transition assistance programs is essential to ensure that the defense build down is structured in a manner that—
enhances the long-term ability of the United States to maintain a strong and vibrant national technology and industrial base; and
promotes economic growth.”
Purposes of Title XLII of Pub. L. 102–484
Pub. L. 102–484, div. D, title XLII, § 4201, Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2659, provided that:
“The purposes of this title [see Tables for classification] are to consolidate, revise, clarify, and reenact policies and requirements, and to enact additional policies and requirements, relating to the national technology and industrial base, defense reinvestment, and defense conversion programs that further national security objectives.”
Transition Provision; “Defense Critical Technology” Defined
Pub. L. 102–484, div. D, title XLII, § 4203(b), Oct. 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 2662, provided that until first national technology and industrial base assessment was submitted to Congress by Secretary of Defense pursuant to former section 2506(e) of this title, the term “defense critical technology” for purposes of this chapter, would have meaning given such term in section 2521 of this title, as in effect on day before Oct. 23, 1992.