10 U.S. Code § 2572 - Documents, historical artifacts, and condemned or obsolete combat materiel: loan, gift, or exchange
Historical and Revision Notes
Source (U.S. Code)
Source (Statutes at Large)
May 22, 1896, ch. 231; restated May 26, 1928, ch. 785; restated Feb. 28, 1933, ch. 137; restated June 19, 1940, ch. 398; July 31, 1947, ch. 421; restated Feb. 27, 1948, ch. 76, § 1, 62 Stat. 37; Oct. 31, 1951, ch. 654, § 2(2), 65 Stat. 706.
The word “may” is substituted for the words “are each authorized, in their discretion”. The reference to posts of the Grand Army of the Republic is omitted, since that organization disbanded in 1950. The words “under regulations to be prescribed by him” are substituted for the words “subject to rules and regulations covering the same in each department”. The words “without expense to the United States” are substituted for the words “and the Government shall be at no expense in connection with any such loan or gift”. The words “local unit” are inserted in clause (7) to conform to clauses (5), (6), and (8).
2013—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 112–239 added subsec. (e).
2008—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 110–417, § 352(1), inserted at end “The Secretary concerned shall ensure that an item authorized to be donated under this section is demilitarized in the interest of public safety, as determined necessary by the Secretary or the Secretary’s delegee.”
Subsec. (d)(2)(A). Pub. L. 110–417, § 352(2), inserted “, including any expense associated with demilitarizing an item under paragraph (1), for which the recipient of the item shall be responsible” before period at end.
2002—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 107–296 substituted “of Homeland Security” for “of Transportation” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 107–314 inserted before period at end “or a nonprofit military aviation heritage foundation or association incorporated in a State”.
2001—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 107–107, § 1043(d)(1), inserted “, county, or other political subdivision of a State” before period at end.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 107–107, § 1043(d)(2), substituted “servicemen’s monument” for “soldiers’ monument”.
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 107–107, § 1043(d)(3), inserted “or memorial” after “An incorporated museum”.
1996—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 104–106 substituted “not needed by the armed forces for any of the following items or services if such items or services directly benefit the historical collection of the armed forces:” for “not needed by the armed forces for similar items held by any individual, organization, institution, agency, or nation or for search, salvage, transportation, and restoration services which directly benefit the historical collection of the armed forces.” and added subpars. (A) to (E).
1994—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 103–337 inserted “transportation,” after “salvage,”.
1992—Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 102–484 designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), substituted “Except as provided in subparagraph (B), the” for “The”, and added subpar. (B).
1990—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 101–510, § 325(1), inserted before period at end “or for search, salvage, and restoration services which directly benefit the historical collection of the armed forces”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 101–510, § 325(2), inserted “, or services provided,” after “monetary value of property transferred” in first sentence and “in the case of an exchange of property for property” after “preceding sentence” in second sentence.
1988—Pub. L. 100–456 substituted “Documents, historical artifacts, and condemned or obsolete combat materiel: loan, gift, or exchange” for “Condemned or obsolete material: loan or gift to certain organizations” in section catchline, and amended text generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “Subject to regulations under section 205 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 486), the Secretary of a military department, or the Secretary of Transportation, under regulations to be prescribed by him, may lend or give, without expense to the United States, books, manuscripts, works of art, drawings, plans, models, and condemned or obsolete combat material that are not needed by that department to—
“(1) a municipal corporation;
“(2) a soldiers’ monument association;
“(3) a State museum;
“(4) an incorporated museum, operated and maintained for educational purposes only, whose charter denies it the right to operate for profit;
“(5) a post of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States;
“(6) a post of the American Legion;
“(7) a local unit of any other recognized war veterans’ association; or
“(8) a post of the Sons of Veterans Reserve.”
1980—Pub. L. 96–513 substituted “section 205 of the Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949 (40 U.S.C. 486), the Secretary of a military department or the Secretary of Transportation” for “section 486 of title 40, the Secretary of a military department or the Secretary of the Treasury”.
Amendment by Pub. L. 107–296 effective on the date of transfer of the Coast Guard to the Department of Homeland Security, see section 1704(g) of Pub. L. 107–296, set out as a note under section 101 of this title.
Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, § 1052, Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1614, provided that, during fiscal years 2004 and 2005, the Secretary of a military department could use the authority provided by this section to acquire an historical artifact that directly benefitted the historical collection of the Armed Forces in exchange for any obsolete or surplus property held by that military department, without regard to whether the property was described in subsec. (c) of this section.
Pub. L. 106–65, div. A, title X, § 1051, Oct. 5, 1999, 113 Stat. 763, as amended by Pub. L. 109–163, div. A, title X, § 1061, Jan. 6, 2006, 119 Stat. 3445, established a moratorium period during which the President was prohibited from transferring a veterans memorial object to a foreign country or an entity controlled by a foreign government unless specifically authorized by law, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 112–239, div. A, title III, § 355(b), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 1702.
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