Any member of the armed forces who before or in the presence of the enemy—
shamefully abandons, surrenders, or delivers up any command, unit, place, or military property which it is his duty to defend;
through disobedience, neglect, or intentional misconduct endangers the safety of any such command, unit, place, or military property;
causes false alarms in any command, unit, or place under control of the armed forces;
willfully fails to do his utmost to encounter, engage, capture, or destroy any enemy troops, combatants, vessels, aircraft, or any other thing, which it is his duty so to encounter, engage, capture, or destroy; or
shall be punished by death or such other punishment as a court-martial may direct.
(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 69.)