10 U.S. Code § 903b. Art. 103b. Aiding the enemy

Any person who—
aids, or attempts to aid, the enemy with arms, ammunition, supplies, money, or other things; or
without proper authority, knowingly harbors or protects or gives intelligence to, or communicates or corresponds with or holds any intercourse with the enemy, either directly or indirectly;
shall suffer death or such other punishment as a court-martial or military commission may direct. This section does not apply to a military commission established under chapter 47A of this title.
(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 70, § 904; Pub. L. 109–366, § 4(a)(2), Oct. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 2631; renumbered § 903b, Pub. L. 114–328, div. E, title LX, § 5401(5), Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2938.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)



May 5, 1950, ch. 169, § 1 (Art. 104), 64 Stat. 138.


2016—Pub. L. 114–328 renumbered section 904 of this title as this section.

Effective Date of 2016 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 114–328 effective on Jan. 1, 2019, as designated by the President, with implementing regulations and provisions relating to applicability to various situations, see section 5542 of Pub. L. 114–328 and Ex. Ord. No. 13825, set out as notes under section 801 of this title.