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10 U.S. Code § 9239 - Enlisted members: officers not to use as servants

No officer of the Air Force or the Space Force may use an enlisted member of the Air Force or the Space Force as a servant.

(Aug. 10, 1956, ch. 1041, 70A Stat. 533, § 8639; renumbered § 9239, Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, § 806(b)(8), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1833; amended Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title IX, § 923(c)(8), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3811.)

Historical and Revision Notes

Revised section

Source (U.S. Code)

Source (Statutes at Large)



R.S. 1232.

The words “in any case whatever” are omitted as surplusage.

Editorial Notes

2021—Pub. L. 116–283 inserted “or the Space Force” after “Air Force” in two places.

2018—Pub. L. 115–232 renumbered section 8639 of this title as this section.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Feb. 1, 2019, with provision for the coordination of amendments and special rule for certain redesignations, see section 800 of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.