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15 U.S. Code § 2695a - Model guidelines for siting of school facilities

Not later than 18 months after December 19, 2007, the Administrator, in consultation with the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall issue voluntary school site selection guidelines that account for—
the special vulnerability of children to hazardous substances or pollution exposures in any case in which the potential for contamination at a potential school site exists;
modes of transportation available to students and staff;
the efficient use of energy; and
the potential use of a school at the site as an emergency shelter.