It, therefore, is declared to be the policy of Congress that it is in the public interest to maintain an active Federal involvement in providing agricultural and silvicultural weather and climate information and that efforts should be made, among users of this information and among private providers of this information, to improve use of this information.
The Director of the National Weather Service shall provide the forecasts under paragraph (1) of subsection (c) and the information on their impacts under paragraph (3) of such subsection to the public, including public and private entities engaged in planning and preparedness, such as National Weather Service Core partners at the Federal, regional, State, tribal, and local levels of government.
The Under Secretary shall foster effective communication, understanding, and use of the forecasts by the intended users of the information described in subsection (d). This may include assistance to States for forecast communication coordinators to enable local interpretation and planning based on the information.
Assistance to an individual State under this subsection shall not exceed $100,000 in a fiscal year.
Each Federal department and agency shall cooperate as appropriate with the Under Secretary in carrying out this section.
The term “foundational forecast” means basic weather observation and forecast data, largely in raw form, before further processing is applied.
The term “National Weather Service core partners” means government and nongovernment entities which are directly involved in the preparation or dissemination of, or discussions involving, hazardous weather or other emergency information put out by the National Weather Service.
The term “seasonal” means the time range between 3 months and 2 years.
The term “subseasonal” means the time range between 2 weeks and 3 months.
The term “Under Secretary” means the Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere.
The terms “weather industry” and “weather enterprise” are interchangeable in this section and include individuals and organizations from public, private, and academic sectors that contribute to the research, development, and production of weather forecast products, and primary consumers of these weather forecast products.
Amounts made available to carry out this section shall be derived from amounts appropriated or otherwise made available to the National Weather Service.