18 U.S. Code § 951 - Agents of foreign governments
 See References in Text note below.
Mandatory punishment provision was rephrased in the alternative.
Minor changes in phraseology were made.
Section 11 of the Export Administration Act of 1979, referred to in subsec. (e)(2)(B), was classified to section 4610 of Title 50, War and National Defense, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title XVII, § 1766(a), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 2232. Provisions relating to penalties are covered generally in section 4819 of Title 50, as enacted by Pub. L. 115–232.
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–322 substituted “fined under this title” for “fined not more than $75,000”.
1993—Subsec. (e)(2)(A). Pub. L. 103–199 substituted “Cuba or any other country that the President determines (and so reports to the Congress) poses a threat to the national security interest of the United States for purposes of this section” for “the Soviet Union, the German Democratic Republic, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, or Cuba”.
1986—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–569 added subsec. (e).
1984—Pub. L. 98–473 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), substituted “Attorney General if required in subsection (b)” for “Secretary of State”, and added subsecs. (b) to (d).
1983—Pub. L. 97–462 increased limitation on fines to $75,000 from $5,000.