20 U.S. Code § 6821 - Formula grants to States
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(a) In general
In the case of each State educational agency having a plan approved by the Secretary for a fiscal year under section 6823 of this title, the Secretary shall make a grant for the year to the agency for the purposes specified in subsection (b) of this section. The grant shall consist of the allotment determined for the State educational agency under subsection (c) of this section.
(b) Use of funds
(1) Subgrants to eligible entities
The Secretary may make a grant under subsection (a) of this section only if the State educational agency involved agrees to expend at least 95 percent of the State educational agency’s allotment under subsection (c) of this section for a fiscal year—
(A) to award subgrants, from allocations under section 6824 of this title, to eligible entities to carry out the activities described in section 6825 of this title (other than subsection (e)); and
(2) State activities
Subject to paragraph (3), each State educational agency receiving a grant under subsection (a) of this section may reserve not more than 5 percent of the agency’s allotment under subsection (c) of this section to carry out one or more of the following activities:
(A) Professional development activities, and other activities, that assist personnel in meeting State and local certification and licensing requirements for teaching limited English proficient children.
(B) Planning, evaluation, administration, and interagency coordination related to the subgrants referred to in paragraph (1).
(C) Providing technical assistance and other forms of assistance to eligible entities that are receiving subgrants from a State educational agency under this subpart, including assistance in—
(i) identifying and implementing language instruction educational programs and curricula that are based on scientifically based research on teaching limited English proficient children;
(ii) helping limited English proficient children meet the same challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards as all children are expected to meet;
(D) Providing recognition, which may include providing financial awards, to subgrantees that have exceeded their annual measurable achievement objectives pursuant to section 6842 of this title.
(c) Reservations and allotments
From the amount appropriated under section 6801 (a) of this title for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—
(A) 0.5 percent or $5,000,000 of such amount, whichever is greater, for payments to eligible entities that are defined under section 6822 (a) of this title for activities, approved by the Secretary, consistent with this subpart;
(B) 0.5 percent of such amount for payments to outlying areas, to be allotted in accordance with their respective needs for assistance under this subpart, as determined by the Secretary, for activities, approved by the Secretary, consistent with this subpart;
(C) 6.5 percent of such amount for national activities under sections 6861 and 7013 of this title, except that not more than 0.5 percent of such amount shall be reserved for evaluation activities conducted by the Secretary and not more than $2,000,000 of such amount may be reserved for the National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition and Language Instruction Educational Programs described in section 7013 of this title; and
(2) Continuation awards
(A) In general
Before making allotments to State educational agencies under paragraph (3) for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall use the sums reserved under paragraph (1)(D) to make continuation awards to recipients who received grants or fellowships for the fiscal year preceding any fiscal year described in section 6801 (b)(1)(A) of this title under—
(3) State allotments
(A) In general
Except as provided in subparagraph (B), from the amount appropriated under section 6801 (a) of this title for each fiscal year that remains after making the reservations under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall allot to each State educational agency having a plan approved under section 6823 (c) of this title—
(i) an amount that bears the same relationship to 80 percent of the remainder as the number of limited English proficient children in the State bears to the number of such children in all States; and
(B) Minimum allotments
No State educational agency shall receive an allotment under this paragraph that is less than $500,000.
If any State educational agency described in subparagraph (A) does not submit a plan to the Secretary for a fiscal year, or submits a plan (or any amendment to a plan) that the Secretary, after reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing, determines does not satisfy the requirements of this subpart, the Secretary—
(i) shall endeavor to make the State’s allotment available on a competitive basis to specially qualified agencies within the State to satisfy the requirements of section 6825 of this title (and any additional requirements that the Secretary may impose), consistent with the purposes of such section, and to carry out required and authorized activities under such section; and
(4) Use of data for determinations
(A) In general
In making State allotments under paragraph (3), for the purpose of determining the number of limited English proficient children in a State and in all States, and the number of immigrant children and youth in a State and in all States, for each fiscal year, the Secretary shall use data that will yield the most accurate, up-to-date numbers of such children and youth.
(B) Special rule
(i) First 2 years In making determinations under subparagraph (A) for the 2 fiscal years following January 8, 2002, the Secretary shall determine the number of limited English proficient children in a State and in all States, and the number of immigrant children and youth in a State and in all States, using data available from the Bureau of Census or submitted by the States to the Secretary.
(ii) Subsequent years For subsequent fiscal years, the Secretary shall determine the number of limited English proficient children in a State and in all States, and the number of immigrant children and youth in a State and in all States, using the more accurate of—
(I) the data available from the American Community Survey available from the Department of Commerce; or
Source(Pub. L. 89–10, title III, § 3111, as added Pub. L. 107–110, title III, § 301,Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1691.)
References in Text
Subparts 1 and 3 of part A of title VII (as in effect on the day before January 8, 2002), referred to in subsec. (c)(2)(A)(i), means subparts 1 and 3 of part A of title VII of Pub. L. 89–10, as added by Pub. L. 103–382, title I, § 101,Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3719, 3732, which were classified generally to subparts 1 (§ 7421 et seq.) and 3 (§ 7471 et seq.) of part A of subchapter VII of this chapter prior to the general amendment of subchapter VII of this chapter by Pub. L. 107–110, title VII, § 701,Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1907.
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