21 U.S. Code § 1603 - General requirements; applicability; preemption

(a) General requirements
(1) In generalIn any civil action covered by this chapter, a biomaterials supplier may—
raise any exclusion from liability set forth in section 1604 of this title; and
make a motion for dismissal or for summary judgment as set forth in section 1605 of this title.
(2) Procedures

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a Federal or State court in which an action covered by this chapter is pending shall, in connection with a motion under section 1605 or 1606 of this title, use the procedures set forth in this chapter.

(b) Applicability
(1) In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), this chapter applies to any civil action brought by a claimant, whether in a Federal or State court, on the basis of any legal theory, for harm allegedly caused, directly or indirectly, by an implant.

(2) ExclusionA civil action brought by a purchaser of a medical device, purchased for use in providing professional health care services, for loss or damage to an implant or for commercial loss to the purchaser—
shall not be considered an action that is subject to this chapter; and
shall be governed by applicable commercial or contract law.
(c) Scope of preemption
(1) In general

This chapter supersedes any State law regarding recovery for harm caused by an implant and any rule of procedure applicable to a civil action to recover damages for such harm only to the extent that this chapter establishes a rule of law applicable to the recovery of such damages.

(2) Applicability of other laws

Any issue that arises under this chapter and that is not governed by a rule of law applicable to the recovery of damages described in paragraph (1) shall be governed by applicable Federal or State law.

(d) Statutory constructionNothing in this chapter may be construed—
to affect any defense available to a defendant under any other provisions of Federal or State law in an action alleging harm caused by an implant; or
to create a cause of action or Federal court jurisdiction pursuant to section 1331 or 1337 of title 28 that otherwise would not exist under applicable Federal or State law.
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date

Section applicable to all civil actions covered under this chapter commenced on or after Aug. 13, 1998, including any in which the harm or harmful conduct occurred before such date, see section 8 of Pub. L. 105–230, set out as a note under section 1601 of this title.

The following state regulations pages link to this page.