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21 U.S. Code § 2105 - Enhanced aquaculture and seafood inspection

(a) FindingsCongress finds the following:
In 2007, there has been an overwhelming increase in the volume of aquaculture and seafood that has been found to contain substances that are not approved for use in food in the United States.
As of May 2007, inspection programs are not able to satisfactorily accomplish the goals of ensuring the food safety of the United States.
To protect the health and safety of consumers in the United States, the ability of the Secretary to perform inspection functions must be enhanced.
(b) Heightened inspections

The Secretary is authorized to enhance, as necessary, the inspection regime of the Food and Drug Administration for aquaculture and seafood, consistent with obligations of the United States under international agreements and United States law.

(c) Report to CongressNot later than 180 days after September 27, 2007, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that—
describes the specifics of the aquaculture and seafood inspection program;
describes the feasibility of developing a traceability system for all catfish and seafood products, both domestic and imported, for the purpose of identifying the processing plant of origin of such products; and
provides for an assessment of the risks associated with particular contaminants and banned substances.
(d) Partnerships with States

Upon the request by any State, the Secretary may enter into partnership agreements, as soon as practicable after the request is made, to implement inspection programs to Federal standards regarding the importation of aquaculture and seafood.

Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Regulation of Export of Shrimp to the United States

Pub. L. 116–260, div. A, title VII, § 787, Dec. 27, 2020, 134 Stat. 1230, provided that:

The Secretary of Health and Human Services, acting through the Commissioner of Food and Drugs (Commissioner), shall develop and, if it determines feasible, implement a number of options for regulating the export of shrimp to the United States from other countries, including the three largest exporting countries by volume to the United States over the last three calendar years, such as sampling of products prior to export to the United States, increasing foreign inspections of export facilities, increased seafood importer inspections, foreign surveillance inspections at overseas manufacturing sites, enhanced import screening, higher rates of examination and sampling, use of third-party audits, and formal seafood arrangements with foreign competent authorities.
“(b) The Commissioner shall especially give priority consideration to the following with the funds appropriated—
that appropriate controls are applied to shrimp feed and production ponds, processing plants, and facilities throughout the chain of distribution to determine compliance with seafood safety requirements;
dedicate its inspectional effort to determine compliance with seafood arrangements, once established, from any dedicated funds;
provide an annual report to the Committee before the end of fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023 with the reporting requirement goal being to provide the Committee information related to FDA’s oversight of the safety of shrimp products imported into the United States.”