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21 U.S. Code § 2313 - Description of sanctions

(a) In generalThe sanctions that may be imposed with respect to a foreign person under section 2312 of this title are the following:
(1) Loans from United States financial institutions

The United States Government may prohibit any United States financial institution from making loans or providing credits to the foreign person.

(2) Prohibitions on financial institutionsThe following prohibitions may be imposed with respect to a foreign person that is a financial institution:
(A) Prohibition on designation as primary dealer

Neither the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System nor the Federal Reserve Bank of New York may designate, or permit the continuation of any prior designation of, the financial institution as a primary dealer in United States Government debt instruments.

(B) Prohibition on service as a repository of Government funds

The financial institution may not serve as agent of the United States Government or serve as repository for United States Government funds.

The imposition of either sanction under subparagraph (A) or (B) shall be treated as one sanction for purposes of section 2312 of this title, and the imposition of both such sanctions shall be treated as 2 sanctions for purposes of that section.
(3) Procurement ban

The United States Government may not procure, or enter into any contract for the procurement of, any goods or services from the foreign person.

(4) Foreign exchange

The President may, pursuant to such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any transactions in foreign exchange that are subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and in which the foreign person has any interest.

(5) Banking transactions

The President may, pursuant to such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any transfers of credit or payments between financial institutions or by, through, or to any financial institution, to the extent that such transfers or payments are subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and involve any interest of the foreign person.

(6) Property transactionsThe President may, pursuant to such regulations as the President may prescribe, prohibit any person from—
acquiring, holding, withholding, using, transferring, withdrawing, or transporting any property that is subject to the jurisdiction of the United States and with respect to which the foreign person has any interest;
dealing in or exercising any right, power, or privilege with respect to such property; or
conducting any transaction involving such property.
(7) Ban on investment in equity or debt of sanctioned person

The President may, pursuant to such regulations or guidelines as the President may prescribe, prohibit any United States person from investing in or purchasing significant amounts of equity or debt instruments of the foreign person.

(8) Exclusion of corporate officers

The President may direct the Secretary of State to deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security to exclude from the United States, any alien that the President determines is a corporate officer or principal of, or a shareholder with a controlling interest in, the foreign person.

(9) Sanctions on principal executive officers

The President may impose on the principal executive officer or officers of the foreign person, or on individuals performing similar functions and with similar authorities as such officer or officers, any of the sanctions described in paragraphs (1) through (8) that are applicable.

(b) Penalties

A person that violates, attempts to violate, conspires to violate, or causes a violation of any regulation, license, or order issued to carry out subsection (a) shall be subject to the penalties set forth in subsections (b) and (c) of section 1705 of title 50 to the same extent as a person that commits an unlawful act described in subsection (a) of that section.

(c) Exceptions
(1) Intelligence and law enforcement activitiesSanctions under this section shall not apply with respect to—
any activity subject to the reporting requirements under title V of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et seq.); or
any authorized intelligence or law enforcement activities of the United States.
(2) Exception to comply with United Nations headquarters agreement

Sanctions under subsection (a)(8) shall not apply to an alien if admitting the alien into the United States is necessary to permit the United States to comply with the Agreement regarding the Headquarters of the United Nations, signed at Lake Success June 26, 1947, and entered into force November 21, 1947, between the United Nations and the United States, the Convention on Consular Relations, done at Vienna April 24, 1963, and entered into force March 19, 1967, or other applicable international obligations.

(d) Implementation

The President may exercise all authorities provided under sections 1702 and 1704 of title 50 to carry out this section.

Editorial Notes
References in Text

The National Security Act of 1947, referred to in subsec. (c)(1)(A), is act July 26, 1947, ch. 343, 61 Stat. 495. Title V of the Act is classified generally to subchapter III (§ 3091 et seq.) of chapter 44 of Title 50, War and National Defense. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Tables.

Executive Documents
Delegation of Functions

Functions and authorities of President under subsections (a)(4) to (9) and (d) of this section delegated to Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, by section 1(d)(vi) and (vii) of Memorandum of President of the United States, Mar. 31, 2020, 85 F.R. 22343, set out as a note under section 2311 of this title.