21 U.S. Code § 360bbb–4 - Countermeasure development, review, and technical assistance
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In this section—
(1) the term “countermeasure” means a qualified countermeasure, a security countermeasure, and a qualified pandemic or epidemic product;
(2) the term “qualified countermeasure” has the meaning given such term in section 247d–6a of title 42;
(3) the term “security countermeasure” has the meaning given such term in section 247d–6b of title 42; and
(4) the term “qualified pandemic or epidemic product” means a product that meets the definition given such term in section 247d–6d of title 42 and—
(A) that has been identified by the Department of Health and Human Services or the Department of Defense as receiving funding directly related to addressing chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear threats, including pandemic influenza; or
(b) General duties
In order to accelerate the development, stockpiling, approval, licensure, and clearance of qualified countermeasures, security countermeasures, and qualified pandemic or epidemic products, the Secretary, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, shall—
(1) ensure the appropriate involvement of Food and Drug Administration personnel in interagency activities related to countermeasure advanced research and development, consistent with sections 247d–6, 247d–6a, 247d–6b, 247d–6d, 247d–7e, and 300hh–10 of title 42;
(2) ensure the appropriate involvement and consultation of Food and Drug Administration personnel in any flexible manufacturing activities carried out under section 247d–7e of title 42, including with respect to meeting regulatory requirements set forth in this chapter;
(3) promote countermeasure expertise within the Food and Drug Administration by—
(A) ensuring that Food and Drug Administration personnel involved in reviewing countermeasures for approval, licensure, or clearance are informed by the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response on the material threat assessment conducted under section 247d–6b of title 42 for the agent or agents for which the countermeasure under review is intended;
(B) training Food and Drug Administration personnel regarding review of countermeasures for approval, licensure, or clearance;
(C) holding public meetings at least twice annually to encourage the exchange of scientific ideas; and
(4) maintain teams, composed of Food and Drug Administration personnel with expertise on countermeasures, including specific countermeasures, populations with special clinical needs (including children and pregnant women that may use countermeasures, as applicable and appropriate), classes or groups of countermeasures, or other countermeasure-related technologies and capabilities, that shall—
(A) consult with countermeasure experts, including countermeasure sponsors and applicants, to identify and help resolve scientific issues related to the approval, licensure, or clearance of countermeasures, through workshops or public meetings; and
(B) improve and advance the science relating to the development of new tools, standards, and approaches to assessing and evaluating countermeasures—
(5) establish within the Food and Drug Administration a team of experts on manufacturing and regulatory activities (including compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practice) to provide both off-site and on-site technical assistance to the manufacturers of qualified countermeasures (as defined in section 247d–6a of title 42), security countermeasures (as defined in section 247d–6b of title 42), or vaccines, at the request of such a manufacturer and at the discretion of the Secretary, if the Secretary determines that a shortage or potential shortage may occur in the United States in the supply of such vaccines or countermeasures and that the provision of such assistance would be beneficial in helping alleviate or avert such shortage.
(c) Final guidance on development of animal models
(1) In general
Not later than 1 year after March 13, 2013, the Secretary shall provide final guidance to industry regarding the development of animal models to support approval, clearance, or licensure of countermeasures referred to in subsection (a) when human efficacy studies are not ethical or feasible.
(2) Authority to extend deadline
The Secretary may extend the deadline for providing final guidance under paragraph (1) by not more than 6 months upon submission by the Secretary of a report on the status of such guidance to the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.
(d) Development and animal modeling procedures
(1) Availability of animal model meetings
To facilitate the timely development of animal models and support the development, stockpiling, licensure, approval, and clearance of countermeasures, the Secretary shall, not later than 180 days after March 13, 2013, establish a procedure by which a sponsor or applicant that is developing a countermeasure for which human efficacy studies are not ethical or practicable, and that has an approved investigational new drug application or investigational device exemption, may request and receive—
(e) Review and approval of countermeasures
(1) Material threat
When evaluating an application or submission for approval, licensure, or clearance of a countermeasure, the Secretary shall take into account the material threat posed by the chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear agent or agents identified under section 247d–6b of title 42 for which the countermeasure under review is intended.
(2) Review expertise
When practicable and appropriate, teams of Food and Drug Administration personnel reviewing applications or submissions described under paragraph (1) shall include a reviewer with sufficient training or experience with countermeasures pursuant to the protocols established under subsection (b)(3)(D).
(f) Regulatory management plan
In this subsection, the term “eligible countermeasure” means—
(A) a security countermeasure with respect to which the Secretary has entered into a procurement contract under section 247d–6b (c) of title 42; or
(2) Regulatory management plan process
The Secretary, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response and the Director of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, shall establish a formal process for obtaining scientific feedback and interactions regarding the development and regulatory review of eligible countermeasures by facilitating the development of written regulatory management plans in accordance with this subsection.
(3) Submission of request and proposed plan by sponsor or applicant
(A) In general
A sponsor or applicant of an eligible countermeasure may initiate the process described under paragraph (2) upon submission of a written request to the Secretary. Such request shall include a proposed regulatory management plan.
(B) Timing of submission
A sponsor or applicant may submit a written request under subparagraph (A) after the eligible countermeasure has an investigational new drug or investigational device exemption in effect.
(C) Response by Secretary
The Secretary shall direct the Food and Drug Administration, upon submission of a written request by a sponsor or applicant under subparagraph (A), to work with the sponsor or applicant to agree on a regulatory management plan within a reasonable time not to exceed 90 days. If the Secretary determines that no plan can be agreed upon, the Secretary shall provide to the sponsor or applicant, in writing, the scientific or regulatory rationale why such agreement cannot be reached.
The content of a regulatory management plan agreed to by the Secretary and a sponsor or applicant shall include—
(A) an agreement between the Secretary and the sponsor or applicant regarding developmental milestones that will trigger responses by the Secretary as described in subparagraph (B);
(B) performance targets and goals for timely and appropriate responses by the Secretary to the triggers described under subparagraph (A), including meetings between the Secretary and the sponsor or applicant, written feedback, decisions by the Secretary, and other activities carried out as part of the development and review process; and
(5) Milestones and performance targets
The developmental milestones described in paragraph (4)(A) and the performance targets and goals described in paragraph (4)(B) shall include—
(A) feedback from the Secretary regarding the data required to support the approval, clearance, or licensure of the eligible countermeasure involved;
(B) feedback from the Secretary regarding the data necessary to inform any authorization under section 360bbb–3 of this title;
(C) feedback from the Secretary regarding the data necessary to support the positioning and delivery of the eligible countermeasure, including to the Strategic National Stockpile;
(D) feedback from the Secretary regarding the data necessary to support the submission of protocols for review under section 355 (b)(5)(B) of this title;
(E) feedback from the Secretary regarding any gaps in scientific knowledge that will need resolution prior to approval, licensure, or clearance of the eligible countermeasure and plans for conducting the necessary scientific research;
(F) identification of the population for which the countermeasure sponsor or applicant seeks approval, licensure, or clearance and the population for which desired labeling would not be appropriate, if known; and
(G) as necessary and appropriate, and to the extent practicable, a plan for demonstrating safety and effectiveness in pediatric populations, and for developing pediatric dosing, formulation, and administration with respect to the eligible countermeasure, provided that such plan would not delay authorization under section 360bbb–3 of this title, approval, licensure, or clearance for adults.
(A) Plans for security countermeasures
The Secretary shall establish regulatory management plans for all security countermeasures for which a request is submitted under paragraph (3)(A).
(B) Plans for other eligible countermeasures
The Secretary shall determine whether resources are available to establish regulatory management plans for eligible countermeasures that are not security countermeasures. If resources are available to establish regulatory management plans for eligible countermeasures that are not security countermeasures, and if resources are not available to establish regulatory management plans for all eligible countermeasures for which requests have been submitted, the Director of the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, in consultation with the Commissioner, shall prioritize which eligible countermeasures may receive regulatory management plans.
(g) Annual report
Not later than 180 days after March 13, 2013, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall make publicly available on the Web site of the Food and Drug Administration a report that details the countermeasure development and review activities of the Food and Drug Administration, including—
(1) with respect to the development of new tools, standards, and approaches to assess and evaluate countermeasures—
(A) the identification of the priorities of the Food and Drug Administration and the progress made on such priorities; and
(2) with respect to countermeasures for which a regulatory management plan has been agreed upon under subsection (f), the extent to which the performance targets and goals set forth in subsection (f)(4)(B) and the regulatory management plan have been met, including, for each such countermeasure—
(A) whether the regulatory management plan was completed within the required timeframe, and the length of time taken to complete such plan;
(B) whether the Secretary adhered to the timely and appropriate response times set forth in such plan; and
(3) the number of regulatory teams established pursuant to subsection (b)(4), the number of products, classes of products, or technologies assigned to each such team, and the number of, type of, and any progress made as a result of consultations carried out under subsection (b)(4)(A);
(4) an estimate of resources obligated to countermeasure development and regulatory assessment, including—
(5) the number of countermeasure applications and submissions submitted, the number of countermeasures approved, licensed, or cleared, the status of remaining submitted applications and submissions, and the number of each type of authorization issued pursuant to section 360bbb–3 of this title;
(6) the number of written requests for a regulatory management plan submitted under subsection (f)(3)(A), the number of regulatory management plans developed, and the number of such plans developed for security countermeasures; and
(7) the number, type, and frequency of meetings between the Food and Drug Administration and—
(B) another agency engaged in development or management of portfolios for such countermeasures, including the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority, the National Institutes of Health, and the appropriate agencies of the Department of Defense.
Source(June 25, 1938, ch. 675, § 565, as added Pub. L. 109–417, title IV, § 404,Dec. 19, 2006, 120 Stat. 2875; amended Pub. L. 113–5, title III, §§ 303–306,Mar. 13, 2013, 127 Stat. 185–190.)
2013—Pub. L. 113–5, § 304(1), substituted “Countermeasure development, review, and technical assistance” for “Technical assistance” in section catchline.
Pub. L. 113–5, § 303, designated existing provisions as subsec. (b) and inserted heading.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 113–5, § 303, added subsec. (a).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 113–5, § 304(2), reenacted heading without change, substituted “In order to accelerate the development, stockpiling, approval, licensure, and clearance of qualified countermeasures, security countermeasures, and qualified pandemic or epidemic products, the Secretary, in consultation with the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response, shall—” for “The Secretary, in consultation with the Commissioner of Food and Drugs, shall”, added pars. (1) to (4), and designated remainder of existing provisions as par. (5).
Subsecs. (c) to (e). Pub. L. 113–5, § 304(3), added subsecs. (c) to (e).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 113–5, § 305, added subsec. (f).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 113–5, § 306, added subsec. (g).
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