22 U.S. Code § 2368 - Assistance for a reconstruction and stabilization crisis
prev | next
(1) In general
If the President determines that it is in the national security interests of the United States for United States civilian agencies or non-Federal employees to assist in reconstructing and stabilizing a country or region that is at risk of, in, or is in transition from, conflict or civil strife, the President may, in accordance with the provisions set forth in section 2364 (a)(3) of this title, but notwithstanding any other provision of law, and on such terms and conditions as the President may determine, furnish assistance to such country or region for reconstruction or stabilization using funds described in paragraph (2).
(2) Funds described
The funds referred to in paragraph (1) are funds made available under any other provision of this chapter, and transferred or reprogrammed for purposes of this section, and such transfer or reprogramming shall be subject to the procedures applicable to a notification under section 2394–1 of this title.
Source(Pub. L. 87–195, pt. III, § 618, as added Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title XVI, § 1604,Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4654.)
References in Text
This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a)(2), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 87–195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, known as the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of this title and Tables.
A prior section 2368,Pub. L. 87–195, pt. III, § 618, as added Pub. L. 87–565, pt. III, § 301(c),Aug. 1, 1962, 76 Stat. 260, related to payment to the United States regarding the Settlement of Postwar Economic Assistance to Japan, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–424, title VI, §§ 604, 605,Oct. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 961, effective Oct. 1, 1978.
Another prior section 2368,Pub. L. 87–195, pt. III, § 618,Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 444, related to economic assistance to Latin America, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 87–565, pt. III, § 301(c),Aug. 1, 1962, 76 Stat. 260.
Pub. L. 110–417, [div. A], title XVI, § 1602,Oct. 14, 2008, 122 Stat. 4653, as amended by Pub. L. 111–383, div. A, title X, § 1075(e)(18),Jan. 7, 2011, 124 Stat. 4375, provided that: “Congress finds the following:
“(1) In June 2004, the Office of the Coordinator for Reconstruction and Stabilization (referred to as the ‘Coordinator’) was established in the Department of State with the mandate to lead, coordinate, and institutionalize United States Government civilian capacity to prevent or prepare for post-conflict situations and help reconstruct and stabilize a country or region that is at risk of, in, or is in transition from, conflict or civil strife.
“(2) In December 2005, the Coordinator’s mandate was reaffirmed by the National Security Presidential Directive 44, which instructed the Secretary of State, and at the Secretary’s direction, the Coordinator, to coordinate and lead integrated United States Government efforts, involving all United States departments and agencies with relevant capabilities, to prepare, plan for, and conduct reconstruction and stabilization operations.
“(3) National Security Presidential Directive 44 assigns to the Secretary, with the Coordinator’s assistance, the lead role to develop reconstruction and stabilization strategies, ensure civilian interagency program and policy coordination, coordinate interagency processes to identify countries at risk of instability, provide decision-makers with detailed options for an integrated United States Government response in connection with reconstruction and stabilization operations, and carry out a wide range of other actions, including the development of a civilian surge capacity to meet reconstruction and stabilization emergencies. The Secretary and the Coordinator are also charged with coordinating with the Department of Defense on reconstruction and stabilization responses, and integrating planning and implementing procedures.
“(4) The Department of Defense issued Directive 3000.05, which establishes that stability operations are a core United States military mission that the Department of Defense must be prepared to conduct and support, provides guidance on stability operations that will evolve over time, and assigns responsibilities within the Department of Defense for planning, training, and preparing to conduct and support stability operations.
“(5) The President’s Fiscal Year 2009 Budget Request to Congress includes $248.6 million for a Civilian Stabilization Initiative that would vastly improve civilian partnership with United States Armed Forces in post-conflict stabilization situations, including by establishing an Active Response Corps of 250 persons, a Standby Response Corps of 2,000 persons, and a Civilian Response Corps of 2,000 persons.”
Reconstruction and Stabilization Strategy
“(a) In General.—The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development, shall develop an interagency strategy to respond to reconstruction and stabilization operations.
“(b) Contents.—The strategy required under subsection (a) shall include the following:
“(1) Identification of and efforts to improve the skills sets needed to respond to and support reconstruction and stabilization operations in countries or regions that are at risk of, in, or are in transition from, conflict or civil strife.
“(2) Identification of specific agencies that can adequately satisfy the skills sets referred to in paragraph (1).
“(3) Efforts to increase training of Federal civilian personnel to carry out reconstruction and stabilization activities.
“(4) Efforts to develop a database of proven and best practices based on previous reconstruction and stabilization operations.
“(5) A plan to coordinate the activities of agencies involved in reconstruction and stabilization operations.”