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22 U.S. Code § 3241 - Congressional declaration of policy

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The United States is committed to continued strong support for the principles of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, to a strengthened and more effective International Atomic Energy Agency and to a comprehensive safeguards system administered by the Agency to deter proliferation. Accordingly, the United States shall seek to act with other nations to—
continue to strengthen the safeguards program of the IAEA and, in order to implement this section, contribute funds, technical resources, and other support to assist the IAEA in effectively implementing safeguards;
ensure that the IAEA has the resources to carry out the provisions of Article XII of the Statute of the IAEA;
(c) improve the IAEA safeguards system (including accountability) to ensure—
the timely detection of a possible diversion of source or special nuclear materials which could be used for nuclear explosive devices;
the timely dissemination of information regarding such diversion; and
the timely implementation of internationally agreed procedures in the event of such diversion;
ensure that the IAEA receives on a timely basis the data needed for it to administer an effective and comprehensive international safeguards program and that the IAEA provides timely notice to the world community of any evidence of a violation of any safeguards agreement to which it is a party; and
encourage the IAEA, to the maximum degree consistent with the Statute, to provide nations which supply nuclear materials and equipment with the data needed to assure such nations of adherence to bilateral commitments applicable to such supply.
Statutory Notes and Related Subsidiaries
Effective Date

Section effective Mar. 10, 1978, except as otherwise provided and regardless of any requirements for the promulgation of implementing regulations, see section 603(c) of Pub. L. 95–242, set out as a note under section 3201 of this title.