PurposeThe purpose of this chapter is to strengthen and enhance United States leadership and the effectiveness of the United States response to the HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria pandemics and other related and preventable infectious diseases as part of the overall United States health and development agenda by—
(1) establishing comprehensive, coordinated, and integrated 5-year, global strategies to combat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria by—
building on progress and successes to date;
improving harmonization of United States efforts with national strategies of partner governments and other public and private entities; and
emphasizing capacity building initiatives in order to promote a transition toward greater sustainability through the support of country-driven efforts;
providing increased resources for bilateral and multilateral efforts to fight HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria as integrated components of United States development assistance;
(3) intensifying efforts to—
prevent HIV infection;
ensure the continued support for, and expanded access to, treatment and care programs;
enhance the effectiveness of prevention, treatment, and care programs; and
address the particular vulnerabilities of girls and women;
encouraging the expansion of private sector efforts and expanding public-private sector partnerships to combat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria;
(5) reinforcing efforts to—
develop safe and effective vaccines, microbicides, and other prevention and treatment technologies; and
improve diagnostics capabilities for HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria; and
(6) helping partner countries to—
strengthen health systems;
expand health workforce; and
address infrastructural weaknesses.
References in Text
This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 108–25, May 27, 2003, 117 Stat. 711, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 7601 of this title and Tables.
2008—Pub. L. 110–293 amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section stated the purpose of this chapter.
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